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Lecture 01 Artificial Intelligence Topics Introduction Knowledge representation Knowledge reasoning Machine learning Applications Introduction Artificial Intelligence A discipline which studies how to make a system smarter Solving problems by reasoning vs. computation

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lecture 01 artificial intelligence
Lecture 01 Artificial Intelligence
  • Topics
    • Introduction
    • Knowledge representation
    • Knowledge reasoning
    • Machine learning
    • Applications
introduction
Introduction
  • Artificial Intelligence
    • A discipline which studies how to make a system smarter
    • Solving problems by reasoning vs. computation
    • Sustaining service by self-evolution vs. retrofit
introduction3
Introduction
  • Knowledge is power
    • Knowledge representation and reasoning
  • Learning is powerhouse
    • Machine learning
knowledge representation
Knowledge Representation
  • Ontological Engineering
    • Ontology
      • Basic concepts about a domain
      • Basic logics about a domain
    • Ontology vs. Knowledge base
    • Ontological inference
      • Reasoning about basic knowledge of a domain
    • Ontology Verification & Validation
      • Correctness
      • Completeness
knowledge reasoning
Knowledge Reasoning
  • Heuristic search
    • Heuristics
  • First-order predicate logic
    • Formal Resolution
  • Rule-based Reasoning
    • Modus ponens
  • Case-based Reasoning
    • Cases vs. past experience
    • Case adaptation
knowledge reasoning6
Knowledge Reasoning
  • Fuzzy reasoning
    • Fuzzy sets
    • Fuzzy logic
    • Fuzzy knowledge-based systems
machine learning
Machine Learning
  • Classification-based Learning
    • Classification: Supervised learning
    • Decision tree
    • Multi-layer perceptrons
    • Learning vector quantization
    • Support vector machine
  • Clustering-based Learning
    • Clustering: Unsupervised learning
    • K-Means
    • Self-organizing feature maps
    • Adaptive resonant theory
machine learning8
Machine Learning
  • Association rules Mining
    • Associations
    • Mining frequent patterns
    • Mining frequent sequential patterns
  • Reinforcement Learning
    • Rewards
    • Credit assignment
applications
Applications
  • Intelligent Agents
    • A computing entity (real or virtual) that performs user delegated tasks autonomously
  • Agency
    • legal to do things
      • Delegation-based computation
  • Intelligence
    • able to do things
      • Reasoning
      • Learning