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How to Deal with the Potential Breakdown of Computer Networks. Invited Presentation ED-MEDIA 2005 Montreal, July 2, 2005. Hermann Maurer Graz University of Technology and JOANNEUM RESEARCH Graz/ Austria. We live in an age of extensive division of labor and globalization.

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How to deal with the potential breakdown of computer networks
How to Deal with the Potential Breakdown of Computer Networks

Invited Presentation

ED-MEDIA 2005

Montreal, July 2, 2005

Hermann Maurer

Graz University of Technology

and JOANNEUM RESEARCH

Graz/ Austria

© H. Maurer


We live in an age of extensive division of labor Networks

and globalization.

Computerization is enabling and speeding up this process and introduces a new phenomenon: Division of labor and globalization extend more and more also to non- material products (information, software, publishing, knowledge,…)

Good example: WWW (Wikipedia!) and digital libraries.

© H. Maurer


Advantages of globalization
Advantages of Globalization Networks

Access to many things that otherwise we would not have

More efficient production (climate, raw-material,…),

Certain efforts are only possible through massivecollaboration:

The ‚animal‘ humankind is able to do things small groups of individuals could not do

© H. Maurer


Disadvantages of globalization
Disadvantages of Globalization Networks

Potential exploitation (without consideration for people and environment,…)

Arbitrary shift of production facilities

(unemployment, waste,…)

Increases transport (i.e. dependency on oil which is a danger for peace and environment!)

Globalization creates dangerous dependencies

© H. Maurer



Could it really happen that computers and computer networks fail in large regions for prolonged periods?

Yes. The danger is particularly high due to a

targeted attack. It is a miracle that no serious case of cyber-attack has occurred yet!

Note interconnection between power grid and

computers / computer networks ! Power grid

e.g. out for 6 weeks in Auckland in 2002!

© H. Maurer


The latest book in fail in large regions for prolonged periods?my “Xperts-Series”

describes exactly

such a scenario.

www.iicm.edu/Xperts

© H. Maurer


The XPERTS- Saga fail in large regions for prolonged periods?

The Telekinetic

(Maurer)

The Paracommunicator (Lennon)

The Paradoppelganger(Maurer)

The Parashield(Osborne)

eSmog!

(Backhaus)

Mindwave

(Shearer)

The Parawarriors(Maurer)

The Paranet

(Maurer)

Fighting big Brother

(Maurer)

© H. Maurer


Some figures
Some figures fail in large regions for prolonged periods?

Incidents 2003: 137.729

http://www.cert.org/stats/

© H. Maurer


Further figures
Further figures fail in large regions for prolonged periods?

© H. Maurer


Who believes in a dramatic collapse within the next ten years
Who believes in a dramatic collapse within the next ten years?

“Some 66% agreed with the following prediction: At least one devastating attack will occur in the next 10 years on the networked infrastructure or the nationwide power grid” (PEW Report on “The Future of the Internet”, January 9, 2005)

Persons interviewed included e.g. Vincet Cerf, Esther Dyson, Bob Metcalfe, Dan Gillmore, Simon Garfinkel, Howard Rheingold, David Weinberger, usw.

© H. Maurer


Report for the President years?

February 2005

© H. Maurer


© H. Maurer years?


Consequences of complete breakdown are catastrophic clear
Consequences of complete breakdown are catastrophic: clear years?

How can we avoid them?

  • (1) Increase stability of computers and networks!

  • Globalization where necessary, but regionalization wherever reasonable

  • Reduce terrorism. One aspect is to reduce injustice in world as one of the reasons for terrorism. Help third world with IT

© H. Maurer


Reduce injustice in the world years?

“Balance or Destruction”

F.J. Radermacher

Basic idea: future increase in productionis possible without further damaging the environment. This growth has to be distributed unevenly.

“Global Marshall Plan”

© H. Maurer


Help in the third world using it
Help in the third world using IT years?

Spread new local knowledge world wide

Example: How to boil water with limited fuel

© H. Maurer


Boiling water years?

© H. Maurer


Help in the third world with it
Help in the third world with IT years?

Spread new local knowledge world –wide

Other examples are e.g.

can-houses, sandbags, chistosoma,…

© H. Maurer


Globalization where necessary regionalization where reasonable
Globalization where necessary, years? regionalization where reasonable

e.g.:

“Asymmetric distance tax” based on GNP:--- increases stability through self sufficiency

--- supports new distribution of wealth

--- supports regionalization and natural life

--- also holds for non-material aspects

© H. Maurer


Computers und networks must become more secure stable
Computers und networks must years? become more secure (stable)!

e.g. radical approach:

Give up John von Neumann computer concept

Operating systems and basic software on chips

Write-once storage (may be with mechanical override)

Use network only when needed

© H. Maurer


Other approaches
Other approaches years?

Thin clients in networks where much is done in

servers

Redundant networks and addressing schemes

Variety of operating systems/ configurable OS

Croquet project: www.opencroquet.org

© H. Maurer


Other approaches1
Other approaches years?

Use of crytopgraphic co-processors

Like in:www.trustedcomputinggroup.org

Can possibly lead to unwanted control

www.cl.cam.ac.uk/~rja14/tcpa-faq.html

www.iicm.edu/Xperts

© H. Maurer


F j radermacher in balance or destruction talks about the balance between countries
F.J. Radermacher in “Balance or Destruction” talks about the balance between countries.

We need this, but we also need a healthy balance between globalization and regionalization, and a clean solution for secure computing without the dangers inherent in “Trusted Computing”.

© H. Maurer


What will YOU do after this talk to help improve the balance between countries.

the stability of our systems?

At least--- tell everyone:

In a very globalized networked society we are more vulnerable than is good for us, unless we start to increase the safety of our systems right now!

© H. Maurer


Just think: what would happen if electricity fails for 6 weeks in the central USA and a 1400 miles radius around it in, say, January 2007?

© H. Maurer


Thanks for your attention! weeks in the central USA and a 1400 miles H.Maurer

URLs:

www.know-center.at www.hyperwave.comwww.iicm.edu/maurer

email: [email protected]

More on related stuff: www.iicm.edu/Xperts

© H. Maurer


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