Chapter 9 Torts Chapter Objectives 1. Explain how torts and crimes differ. 2. State the purpose of tort law. 3. Identify some intentional torts against persons and business relationships. 4. Describe some intentional torts against property. 5. Name the four elements of negligence. Torts
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1. Explain how torts and crimes differ.
2. State the purpose of tort law.
3. Identify some intentional torts against persons and business relationships.
4. Describe some intentional torts against property.
5. Name the four elements of negligence.
A tort is a civil wrong not arising from a breach of contract.
A tort is a breach of a legal duty that proximately causes harm or injury to another.
Business Tort:The wrongful interference with another’s business rights.
A false statement that injures someone in a profession, business, or trade or that adversely affects a business entity in its credit rating and other dealings.
Defenses to claims of wrongful interference include bona fide competitive behavior such as:
Publishing false information about another’s product, alleging it is not what its seller claims.
Slander of Title
Publication of a statement that denies or casts doubt on another’s legal ownership of any property, causing financial loss to that property’s owner.Disparagement of Property
There are three basic affirmative defenses in negligence cases:
An action or failure to act in violation of a statutory requirement. The injured person must prove:
1. What is the function of tort law?
2. What are some examples of torts against persons or business relationships?
3. What are some examples of torts against property?
4. What are the four elements of negligence?
5. What defenses are available in an action for negligence?