Chapter 24 Organic Chemistry Overview Bonding of Carbon Hydrocarbons Alkanes and Cycloakanes Alkenes and Alkynes Aromatic Hydrocarbons Naming Hydrocarbons Derivatives of Hydrocarbons Organic compounds containing Oxygen Organic compounds containing Nitrogen Bonding of Carbon
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A = propane
B = cyclohexane
C = acetylene
D = benzene
E.g. n = 1 CH4; n = 2 C2H6, etc.
3C2H5CH=CH2 + 2MnO4(aq) + 4H2O 3C2H5CHOHCH2OH + 2MnO2(s) + 2OH (aq)
H2C=CH2 + Br2 H2CBrCH2Br
H2C=CH2 + H2 CH3CH3
Markownikoff’s Rule: addition of unsymmetrical reagent gives product in which the hydrogen adds to the carbon with the most hydrogens attached to it => the second product is the dominant one.
Branched Chain Alkane
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