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CHAPTER 1 PRIMARY OBJECTIVES Explain the difference between computer, information, and integration literacy Define computer Identify the major components of a computer Explain the four operations of the information processing cycle: input, process, output, and storage Adapted by

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chapter 1 primary objectives
CHAPTER 1 PRIMARY OBJECTIVES
  • Explain the difference between computer, information, and integration literacy
  • Define computer
  • Identify the major components of a computer
  • Explain the four operations of the information processing cycle: input, process, output, and storage

Adapted by

Drew Ramaekers

chapter 1 primary objectives cont
CHAPTER 1 PRIMARY OBJECTIVES (cont.)
  • Explain how speed, reliability, accuracy, storage, and communications enable computers to be powerful tools
  • Differentiate among the various categories of software
  • Explain the purpose of a network
  • Discuss the uses of the Internet
  • Explain how computers are changing the way people teach and learn in education
what is a personal computer
WHAT IS A PERSONAL COMPUTER?
  • IBM Personal Computer compatible
  • Apple Macintosh
  • Computers Are Everywhere video

Watch Computers are Everywhere Video

computer information and integration literacy
COMPUTER, INFORMATION AND INTEGRATION LITERACY
  • Computer literacy
    • Knowledge and understanding of computers and their uses
  • Information literacy
    • Knowing how to find, analyze, and use information
  • Integration literacy
    • The ability to use computers and other technologies combined with a variety of teaching and learning strategies
what is a computer and what does it do
WHAT IS A COMPUTER AND WHAT DOES IT DO?
  • A machine that has the capability of accepting data, manipulating the data according to specified rules, and then producing results.
what is a computer and what does it do6
WHAT IS A COMPUTER AND WHAT DOES IT DO?
  • Data - collection of unorganized facts
  • Information - data that is organized
  • Processing - activity of organizing data
  • Input - data entered into a computer
  • Output - processed results from a computer
  • Use of Computers animation
the components of a computer
THE COMPONENTS OF A COMPUTER
  • Variety of hardware components work together with software to carry out various activities
    • Input devices
      • Allows users to enter data into memory of computer
    • Output devices
      • Used to convey the info. generated by a computer
    • System unit
      • Houses the electronic circuitry of a computer
    • Storage devices
      • Floppy disk, CD-ROM, Hard-disk etc.
    • Communications devices

Click to see Figure 1-6

why is a computer so powerful
WHY IS A COMPUTER SO POWERFUL?
  • Speed
  • Reliability
  • Accuracy
  • Storage
  • Communications
computer software
COMPUTER SOFTWARE
  • Computer programs
    • A series of instructions that tells the hardware of a computer how to perform tasks
    • Stored on various storage media
    • Installing programs
    • Running programs
computer software10
COMPUTER SOFTWARE
  • System software
    • Operating system
      • Microsoft Windows
      • Mac OS
    • User interface
      • Graphical user interface (GUI)
        • Microsoft Windows 98
        • Mac OS
    • Utility programs
computer software11
COMPUTER SOFTWARE
  • Application software
    • Packaged software
    • Custom software
    • Shareware and freeware
  • Software development
    • Computer programmers
    • Systems analyst
networks and the internet
NETWORKS AND THE INTERNET
  • Network
    • Sharing resources
    • Local area network - LAN
    • Wide area network

Click to see Figure 1-17

Click to see Figure 1-18

networks and the internet13
NETWORKS AND THE INTERNET
  • Internet
    • E-mail
    • Information
    • Shopping
    • Meeting people
    • Entertainment
    • Web page
    • Web site
    • Web browser

Click to view video

why use computer technology in education
WHY USE COMPUTER TECHNOLOGY IN EDUCATION?
  • Technology is everywhere
  • Technology can support learning
  • Computers support communications beyond classroom walls
  • Support of national and international organizations
  • Computer Education video

Click to view video

summary of introduction to using computers
SUMMARY OF INTRODUCTION TO USING COMPUTERS
  • Computer, information, and integration literacy
  • What is a computer and what does it do?
  • The major components of a computer
  • The four operations of the information processing cycle
  • Why is a computer so powerful?
  • Computer software
summary of introduction to using computers16
SUMMARY OF INTRODUCTION TO USING COMPUTERS
  • Networks and the Internet
  • How computers are changing the way people teach and learn
what is a personal computer17
WHAT IS A PERSONAL COMPUTER?

Double click image to play movie

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networks and the internet19
NETWORKS AND THE INTERNET

A local area network (LAN) enables two separate computers to share the same printer

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networks and the internet20
NETWORKS AND THE INTERNET

A wide area network (WAN) can be quite large and complex, such as one that connects users in offices around the country.

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networks and the internet21
NETWORKS AND THE INTERNET

Double click image to play movie

Go Back

why use computer technology in education22
WHY USE COMPUTER TECHNOLOGY IN EDUCATION?

Double click image to play movie

Go Back