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Bringing science to bear on coastal decision-making. Waves of Change September 4, 2003 David Keeley Maine State Planning Office. Issue: Society is expecting informed and science-based decision-making. Population pressures cause us to live closer together; Resources are more finite;

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bringing science to bear on coastal decision making

Bringing science to bear on coastal decision-making

Waves of Change

September 4, 2003

David Keeley

Maine State Planning Office

issue society is expecting informed and science based decision making
Issue: Society is expecting informed and science-based decision-making
  • Population pressures cause us to live closer together;
  • Resources are more finite;
  • Decision-making needs to be more precise
today s themes
Today’s Themes
  • Coastal Management Vignettes
  • Science to Management Needs
  • New Tools for the Coastal Ocean
part 1 coastal management vignettes bringing science to bear
Part 1 - Coastal Management Vignettes: Bringing science to bear
  • Coastal Dredging – regional & local
  • Public Access to the Shoreline
  • Marine Protected Areas
  • Working Waterfronts
  • Commercial Fisheries
  • Coastal Water Quality & Shellfish
coastal dredging regional ports
Coastal Dredging – regional ports
  • National security, jobs & economic development
  • Channel maintenance
  • Side-scan sonar, shoals, buoys & redeployment
coastal dredging local ports
Coastal Dredging – local ports
  • Dredging tidal inlets (e.g., sand budgets, marshes and the sand on adjacent beaches. Beach nourishment/use of dredged materials
  • Long-term impacts to beaches and dunes from repeated maintenance dredging.
access to the shoreline
Access to the Shoreline
  • Changing land ownership patterns
  • Socio-economic research (e.g. user surveys, willingness to pay)
  • Environmental research (carrying capacity)
marine protected areas
Marine Protected Areas
  • Effect of dragging on the ocean floor and species
  • 5-year moratorium & call for science and traditional knowledge
  • Report to Legislature
working waterfronts
Working Waterfronts
  • Public & private access for commercial fishing is diminishing & calls for action
  • Socio-economic research to preserve working waterfront property
commercial fisheries
Commercial Fisheries
  • Available species data & information impedes sound decision-making
  • Inshore trawl survey & emerging fisheries research
coastal water quality shellfish
Coastal Water Quality & Shellfish
  • Bacteria levels exceed standards
  • Identify specific sources (humans, wildlife, etc.)
  • Targeted management responses (efficiency, priority)
part two science to management needs
Part Two: Science to management needs
  • Improved dissemination of existing knowledge and research;
  • Research on priority coastal & ocean management issues;
  • Translation of scientific results into information managers can use;
  • Building the capacity of local, state and federal managers to manage
disseminating science
Disseminating science
  • We are not fully capitalizing on previous investments in coastal and marine science
  • Work with funders, libraries and others to harness the information age
investing in new research
Investing in new research
  • Local, state and federal coastal managers need to better articulate their leading management issues and corresponding research needs
  • Sponsors of research (State and federal agencies, industry, foundations) need to integrate these needs into their funding programs
turning data into information
Turning data into information
  • Managers and scientists need to work collaboratively to synthesize data into information & create products of value to managers and decision-makers
building capacity teaching them to fish vs fishing for them
Building capacity (teaching them to fish vs. fishing for them)
  • Local and state managers need to routinely invest in themselves
  • Existing mechanisms need to be reinforced
  • National estuary, coastal, ocean programs need to place a premium on capacity building
part three investing in new tools for coastal ocean management
Part Three: Investing in new tools for coastal ocean management
  • National effort to strengthen the monitoring of coastal ocean trends and conditions
  • Ocean Commission priority on more informed decision-making & making the required investment
  • Gulf of Maine Ocean Observing System (GoMOOS) -- as an example
coastal ocean observing
Coastal Ocean Observing

Purpose -- Facilitate safe and efficient marine operations, ensure national security, ensure sustainable food supply, manage ecosystems, mitigate natural hazards, and protect public health.

critical elements
Critical Elements
  • Buoys & other sensors in the water
  • Land-based radar
  • Satellites
  • Modeling
  • Ships of opportunity

Analysis, synthesis, & products

why make this investment
Why make this investment?
  • To provide data and information that serve public and private sector needs to:
    • Solve practical problems,
    • Predict events,
    • Increase public awareness,
    • Further understand natural systems

A Coastal Oceanic Analog of…

…the National Weather Service

user needs payback
User Needs & Payback
  • Mariners – safety, rescue
  • Shipping – safety & efficiency
  • Mammals – endangered species assessment
  • Aquaculture – site selection & water quality
  • Lobster fishing – recruitment prediction
  • Petroleum Industry – spill response
  • Shellfishing – spat collection, site selection
  • Military – national security, operations test bed
  • Coastal Management – eutrophication
  • Commercial & Sport Fishing – stock assessments
  • Research – long-term observations, infrastructure
ocean observing summary
Ocean Observing Summary
  • It will inspire and facilitate research
  • Users will justify the investment
  • Users need a 24/7 operational system that provides useful, timely information…and drives research
  • GoMOOS cost/benefit: $(3/30)M/year
  • A national OOS will only come to pass if Congress hears the same request from all regions!
closing
Closing
  • Coastal states have many issues in common & a history of cooperation
  • We understand why & how science can be better applied to coastal management issues & the benefits
  • We need a consistent and firm statement from the Governors to the Ocean Commission on this matter