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Focus Group Results. CG ideas to address PMV mishaps Stop with the “death by PowerPoint”…it doesn’t work. Focus on real victims telling their stories, videos of accident results, and economic consequences

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Focus Group Results

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focus group results
Focus Group Results

CG ideas to address PMV mishaps

Stop with the “death by PowerPoint”…it doesn’t work.

Focus on real victims telling their stories, videos of accident results, and economic consequences

Promote open discussion of close calls so everyone can benefit from the lesson learned…no retribution

PPE options may pose risk due to discomfort, heat stress and fatigue

Improve access to training/tuition assistance

Require periodic training/refresher

Educate MV operators on the risks to MC riders

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Focus Group Results

CG ideas to address PMV mishaps (cont.)

Create awards and incentives for mishap free units

Create defensive driving classes

Membership to race tracks

Stricter punishment of DUI (permanent loss of license, mandatory driver training)

Install breathalyzer and speed governors in cars

Better work schedules

More telecommuting

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Focus Group Results

CG ideas to address PMV mishaps (cont.)

Morale shuttle, taxi reimbursement, free rides

Designated rest facilities/hotels (Preplan before event)

Take keys prior to drinking

Designated driver

“People drink and drive because they don’t get caught”

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Focus Group Results

DoD – Defense Safety Oversight Council (DSOC) Private Motor Vehicle Task Force

Most at risk population

Sports bike riders

18-26 yrs of age

12 members from all services

10 sportbike

2 cruiser (V-Twin style)

1 year to “lifer” in experience level

focus group results dsoc
Focus Group Results (DSOC)


9 took safety training and 3 are self taught

Considered training good for all levels of experience

Need more experienced-level courses


Consider it optional, even helmets, depends on bike, speed and riding conditions

Vests can cause heat and discomfort leading to fatigue

Push limits since they feel more protected. “Full leather…anything goes”

“Sometimes being too careful is just as bad”

“Cool factor”…girls can’t see you!

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Focus Group Results (DSOC)

Risk Taking/ “Need for Speed”

Deflected question to focus on MV lack of respect for MC…MVs “just want to mess with us”

Want to show how fast MC is compared to MV

Like the “rush” of speed and cornering

Primary reason for sports bike purchase

All 12 felt the “need for speed”

MVs are seen as a “barrier” to MC riders

Speed anytime I can…”just give me 50’ of room”

Responses show they consider factors (road, traffic) when making decision to speed

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Focus Group Results (DSOC)

Why push the limits?

Adrenaline rush

All Alpha males… competition and being the best

Restrictions (MC Safety purpose) lead to “outlaw” mentality

MC treated different than MV for violations


MVs don’t receive much MC sensitivity…best approach is to get them on a MC

MVs are the primary cause of MC mishaps

MCs must maintain focus 100% of the time while MVs talk on the phone, read, etc.

MVs do not respect the MC

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Focus Group Results (DSOC)


Focus on riding under the influence…very common causal factor for the crash (sports bike vs cruiser)

10 of 12 had experienced a crash and considered the event the best learning opportunity

Very paranoid at intersections

Don’t consider videos or testimonials very effective for training or changing behavior

Need to experience the event to change behaviors

More concerned about damage to bike than self

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Focus Group Results (DSOC)

Drink and Ride?


“Hasn’t affected me yet”

“I don’t get hammered”

“Tell buddies that if you drink and ride, I will not help you”

Alcohol reduced reaction…lower BAC for MC riders

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Focus Group Results (DSOC)

Safety Strategies/Restrictions

Riding in groups makes you a better rider

Provide place to speed, do stunts, be aggressive

Organize “track days” or “safety fairs” where one can practice skills

Coordinate with local law enforcement MC crews for training and group rides

Restrictions on base (e.g., need for certifications) lead to people keeping bikes a secret

“Don’t want to wait for certifications before I can ride”

Too many restrictions…why not follow state laws?


Using the Human Factors Analysis and Classification System (HFACS) as a risk management approach, the following are offered as opportunities to mitigate MV/MC mishaps -






Acts – Behavior/attitude changes


Does current training meet needs

Open exchange of lessons learned

Peer/mentoring riding programs


Access to speed tracks/MC morale events

Behavior based checkpoints (PPE use, speeding, aggressive riding, etc.) non-punitive

Aggressive consequences for violations (training, probation, loss of license)





Improve visibility of MC (flashing headlight, noise, etc.)


Road conditions and characteristics (distractions, debris, embankments, etc.)

Condition of individual

Fatigue, physical fitness, nutrition, personality traits



Set expectations and monitor compliance with training and PPE requirements.

Create a “NO MC FATALITY” culture and establish milestones and rewards that are valued by crew members.

Organize MC events that allow members to demonstrate proficiencies and push thresholds in a safe setting (e.g., speed track).

Restrictions should emphasize accountability/consequences and not punishment

Evaluate work schedule requirements and consequence of fatigue.



Provide opportunities for training and skill building

Create a “NO MC FATALITY” culture and establish recognition/rewards for meeting milestones that are valued by crew members.

Create a venue/forum for discussing MC safety restriction with the intent of reaching a unified position and consensus on the types and conditions of restrictions.

Publish doctrine that formally states the restrictions and consequences of violations.