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Putting the Aid for Peace Approach in a Wider Context by Kenneth Bush A Presentation to the PEACE III Monitoring Committee Signal Business Centre, Bangor, Northern Ireland 22 April 2009. 1.

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Putting the Aid for Peace Approach in a Wider Contextby Kenneth BushA Presentation to the PEACE III Monitoring CommitteeSignal Business Centre, Bangor, Northern Ireland22 April 2009

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An Aid for Peace Approach is one that seeks to weave or to re-weave personal relationships within and between groups following violent conflict.

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aid for peace is
Aid for Peace is
  • an approach focused on the nested sets of relationships within and between groups – including:
    • social, economic, political, cultural, geographical relationships.

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Aid for Peace is not

limited to the physical infrastructure of post-war settings (post-conflict reconstruction)

limited to political structures and processes (post-conflict governance and peace making)

limited to economic reconstruction (development assistance or private sector investment)

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aid for peace
Aid for Peace

refers to all initiatives that

foster and support sustainable structures and processes which strengthen the prospects for peaceful co-existence and

decrease the likelihood of the outbreak, re-occurrence, or continuation of violent conflict.

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aid for peace1
Aid for Peace

is a twofold process of deconstructingthe structures of violence, and constructing the structures of peace

These two sets of activities are interrelated, but separate, and must be undertaken simultaneously. Any intervention that includes one without the other will fail to have a net positive peacebuilding impact.

Above all, Aid for Peace is about IMPACT – whether this is a conflict resolution workshop or a bridge (both egs need to be monitored for peace impacts)

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lessons conflict generating aid how development can create conflict
Lessons: Conflict-Generating Aid How Development can Create Conflict

By increasing socio-economic inequalities – or fueling the belief that such inequalities are increasing

By benefiting certain groups more than other

By increasing competition for development resources & political control

By introducing new structures & institutions that challenge existing ones (social, political or economic)

Aid resources stolen by combatants and used to support armies and to buy weapons.

Aid affects markets by reinforcing either the war economy or the peace economy.

The distributional impacts of aid affect intergroup relationships, either feeding tensions or reinforcing connections.

Aid substitutes for local resources required to meet civilian needs, freeing them to support the conflict.

Aid legitimizes people and their actions or agendas, supporting the pursuit of either war or peace.

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lessons peace nurturing aid how aid can nurture peace
Lessons: Peace-Nurturing AidHow Aid can Nurture Peace

By creating common/shared/joint interests

Creating ad hoc (then increasingly institutionalized) mechanism of cooperation

Increasing & institutionalizing positive communication channels

Decreasing negative stereotyping

Creating neutral space

Demilitarizing minds

Reinforcing appropriate conflict mgt mechanisms

Demonstrating alternatives to conflict (econ/soc)

Nurturing Empathy

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d o s and don ts of aid for peace
DOs and DON’Ts of Aid for Peace

DON’T

minimize local inputs

prioritize self-sufficiency (re resources broadly defined)

bring the material and human resources for their anticipated job

limit approach to task-oriented, short-term projects, that are dependent on high external support

privilege product over process

be Mechanistic

DO

maximize local inputs

build on local resources

develop local capacities to identify problems and formulate solutions

be process-oriented, long-term, and minimally dependent on institutional support (Ideally)

privilege process over product

be organic

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