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Putting the Aid for Peace Approach in a Wider Context by Kenneth Bush A Presentation to the PEACE III Monitoring Committee Signal Business Centre, Bangor, Northern Ireland 22 April 2009. 1.
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Putting the Aid for Peace Approach in a Wider Contextby Kenneth BushA Presentation to the PEACE III Monitoring CommitteeSignal Business Centre, Bangor, Northern Ireland22 April 2009
An Aid for Peace Approach is one that seeks to weave or to re-weave personal relationships within and between groups following violent conflict.
limited to the physical infrastructure of post-war settings (post-conflict reconstruction)
limited to political structures and processes (post-conflict governance and peace making)
limited to economic reconstruction (development assistance or private sector investment)
refers to all initiatives that
foster and support sustainable structures and processes which strengthen the prospects for peaceful co-existence and
decrease the likelihood of the outbreak, re-occurrence, or continuation of violent conflict.
is a twofold process of deconstructingthe structures of violence, and constructing the structures of peace
These two sets of activities are interrelated, but separate, and must be undertaken simultaneously. Any intervention that includes one without the other will fail to have a net positive peacebuilding impact.
Above all, Aid for Peace is about IMPACT – whether this is a conflict resolution workshop or a bridge (both egs need to be monitored for peace impacts)
By increasing socio-economic inequalities – or fueling the belief that such inequalities are increasing
By benefiting certain groups more than other
By increasing competition for development resources & political control
By introducing new structures & institutions that challenge existing ones (social, political or economic)
Aid resources stolen by combatants and used to support armies and to buy weapons.
Aid affects markets by reinforcing either the war economy or the peace economy.
The distributional impacts of aid affect intergroup relationships, either feeding tensions or reinforcing connections.
Aid substitutes for local resources required to meet civilian needs, freeing them to support the conflict.
Aid legitimizes people and their actions or agendas, supporting the pursuit of either war or peace.
By creating common/shared/joint interests
Creating ad hoc (then increasingly institutionalized) mechanism of cooperation
Increasing & institutionalizing positive communication channels
Decreasing negative stereotyping
Creating neutral space
Reinforcing appropriate conflict mgt mechanisms
Demonstrating alternatives to conflict (econ/soc)
minimize local inputs
prioritize self-sufficiency (re resources broadly defined)
bring the material and human resources for their anticipated job
limit approach to task-oriented, short-term projects, that are dependent on high external support
privilege product over process
maximize local inputs
build on local resources
develop local capacities to identify problems and formulate solutions
be process-oriented, long-term, and minimally dependent on institutional support (Ideally)
privilege process over product