PEACEKEEPING IN AFRICA: THE WAY FORWARDBy Dr. Monica Kathina JumaSenior Analyst & Project LeaderPeace and SecurityAU-NEPAD ProgrammeSaferAfrica, Pretoria.Presentation at the Conference onKeeping the Peace in a Tough Neighbourhood: The Challenges Confronting Peacekeepers in Africa14 September 2004SA Defence Intelligence College
-Notion of African solutions to African problems.
-Regional leadership in PK.
-Sensitivity to African reality.
1. Experience dictates the need for African PK Capability
i) do not come in
ii) complicate situations of conflict
iii) or it is too little too late – failure to stay the course (mechanical entry, stabilisation? Election, and out!)
2. Changing Nature, Trends and Dynamics of conflicts
3. Donor Fatigue and hesitation of international community to intervene
4. Opportunity to reorient an institution that was at the heart of misrule and governance during the cold war era.
What is the future of Africa’s PeaceKeeping?
1) Africa takes the lead and builds an African capability that responds to its needs:
2) African PK capability that is heavily influenced and shaped from outside esp. if all aspects are funded and directed from outside.
Factors that will shape the PK
3 broad sets of factors:
2. Political Factors
3. Technical factors
-response to crisis beyond the core business of the military in line with the need to consolidate peace and spur development.
-reorienting the military and security sector to needs.
· Designing national security strategies that:
-determine levels of security.
-nature and scope
-privilege peacekeeping role/mandate.
If human security is the overall objective of the
new African vision, then it imperative that Africa deal
with challenges that obstruct the creation of right
conditions/enabling environment for development.
Instability and conflicts have been singled out, together
with misrule, as key causes of the continents woes. The
maintenance of peace and security is, therefore, a core
business in Africa - hence the imperative of an African