CAMPAIGNS AND ELECTIONS. The first Tuesday after the first Monday. The process- president. 1. Campaign and debate for primary elections Candidate for the two major parties chosen by primary process Conventions- formally nominate and promote candidate Campaign and debate for general election
The first Tuesday after the first Monday.
1. Campaign and debate for primary elections
Candidate for the two major parties chosen by primary process
Conventions- formally nominate and promote candidate
Campaign and debate for general election
Electoral College formality
We know that primary thing. What the heck is a caucus?
Can you believe this?
Primary election ideological stances are more extreme, as only motivated vote
GENERAL ELECTION- Primary winner from each party run for the office at stake
1. Choose candidate- confirm choice of voters
2. create platform
3. Advertise, advertise, advertise
4. Get away from home-party!!
Primary elections choose them, not presidential candidate
Typically proportional to vote won in state
Dems have superdelegates too- party leaders who go to convention and vote as they choose. 20% of delegates in 2008. Protect establishment
General election requires a move to the center to attract the less motivated, less passionate
Consequently, primary elections require different lies than the general election
I lied, then I lied differently
Thought is that you settle early so candidate can save money and avoid protracted ugly campaign against people that are actually allies.
Shankar Vedantam – Wash Post
GOP chooses established well known national figure (Bush, Reagan, McCain etc)
Dems choose lesser knowns, with little DC background ( Clinton, Carter, Obama), someone who starts off unknown
Two contrary forces- 1 . Electable candidate 2. appease party extremists- they are people who raise money, campaign, dock on doors… Think Tea party- they are passionate but can they choose an electable candidate?
Easier when party chose candidate but now it is the public.
Many say “ vote the man.” Lies!!
1976 NAT DEM REP
CARTER 51 80 11
FORD 49 20 89
2000 NAT DEM REP
GORE 49 86 8
BUSH 48 11 91
Coattails: Popular president has ability to drag in others from same party on his/her coattails.
- effect is in decline
Constituency services get votes at local level.
Communication in the community
Franking- Mailing stuff for free
Funding a campaign:
Hard money vs soft money:
Hard is given directly to a campaign, soft is nebulous , unregulated money spent on issues, party building etc.
2002 McCain/Feingold eliminated soft money….but not really
Bipartisan campaign Reform Act of 2002- outlawed soft money and restricted hard money
1. Eliminated soft money
2. Prohibited corporations from broadcast electioneering within 60 days of election
Soft money lives!!- 527 organizations ( named for section in the tax code) run // campaigns ex.- Swift Boat veterans, Moveon.org
Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission- 5-4 ruling that corporations can not be restricted- 1st amendment!!!
Political Action Committee- run by corporations, unions, politicians etc.
Raise money for candidates
2008 limits $5,000 to an individual per election cycle $15,000 to the party
Typically give to those that help the most- buying influence
Gee,I wonder why these guys are getting big money
Bundling- When a donor maxes out he gets friends, employees etc to donate and he presents the donation in one big bundle. BINGO, influence is purchased
Bundle of influence
PACs give money to politicians, Super PAC’s do not
PAC’s have those nasty spending limits, Super PAC’s do not
2012 Super PAC spending just through FEBRUARY!!! Are you kidding me?
PAC :funnel campaign contributions directly to candidates. Corporations cannot contribute directly to PACs but can sponsor a PAC for employee donations. Annual donations are limited to $5,000 from individuals, whose names and contributions must be disclosed. Bundling likely
Super PAC:raise and spend unlimited amounts on politics, must operate independently of candidates and cannot contribute to individual candidates. Donors must be disclosed to the FEC
527 group: can run political ads with unlimited individual and corporate contributions but must disclose donors to the IRS.
Wilson argues PAC’s are so numerous that politicians can take money and still vote as they please. PAC’s only make up 27% of all contributions.
Think back to the article about the super committee. Can Wilson be right?
435 in House of Representatives- each represents about 600,000 people.
Every 10 years a new census is done to determine representation.
Gerrymandering and malapportionment
Districts drawn in an odd manner to benefit one candidate or party over another.
Districts of considerably unequal size