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CAMPAIGNS AND ELECTIONS. The first Tuesday after the first Monday. The process- president. 1. Campaign and debate for primary elections Candidate for the two major parties chosen by primary process Conventions- formally nominate and promote candidate Campaign and debate for general election

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campaigns and elections

CAMPAIGNS AND ELECTIONS

The first Tuesday after the first Monday.

the process president
The process- president

1. Campaign and debate for primary elections

Candidate for the two major parties chosen by primary process

Conventions- formally nominate and promote candidate

Campaign and debate for general election

Election day

Electoral College formality

types of elections
TYPES OF ELECTIONS
  • PRIMARY- Decides which candidate party prefers in the general election.
    • Closed- only vote within party
    • Open- vote either party, but only one party- Ind can vote too
    • Blanket primary- vote either party and cross over on ballot.
    • Beauty contest- Vote not binding, just a preference
caucus
CAUCUS??

We know that primary thing. What the heck is a caucus?

Can you believe this?

slide8

Following primary/caucus season the party has a huge party:

The Convention:

1. Choose candidate- confirm choice of voters

2. create platform

3. Advertise, advertise, advertise

4. Get away from home-party!!

who are these goofs in the funny hats
Who are these goofs in the funny hats?

Primary elections choose them, not presidential candidate

Typically proportional to vote won in state

Dems have superdelegates too- party leaders who go to convention and vote as they choose. 20% of delegates in 2008. Protect establishment

slide18

Consequently, primary elections require different lies than the general election

I lied, then I lied differently

he s the man
HE’S THE MAN!
  • Choosing a Presidential candidate:
    • 50 separate state elections- exhausting but allows for every voice to be heard
    • States use PRIMARY or CAUCUS
frontloading primaries not washing machines
Frontloading: Primaries not washing machines
  • Start earlier and earlier
  • 1968 RFK announced candidacy in March but now candidates are chosen by then, with 70% chosen by then
  • NH primary-
    • 1968 March 11
    • 1980 February 26
    • 2004 January 8
  • Hurts unknowns, helps well funded, hurts slow starter, hurts process as we don’t see them under fire
so why frontload
So why frontload?

Thought is that you settle early so candidate can save money and avoid protracted ugly campaign against people that are actually allies.

and who do we they choose
And who do we/they choose

Shankar Vedantam – Wash Post

GOP chooses established well known national figure (Bush, Reagan, McCain etc)

Dems choose lesser knowns, with little DC background ( Clinton, Carter, Obama), someone who starts off unknown

who do we choose con t
Who do we choose ( con’t)

Two contrary forces- 1 . Electable candidate 2. appease party extremists- they are people who raise money, campaign, dock on doors… Think Tea party- they are passionate but can they choose an electable candidate?

Easier when party chose candidate but now it is the public.

what decides elections
WHAT DECIDES ELECTIONS?

Many say “ vote the man.” Lies!!

1976 NAT DEM REP

CARTER 51 80 11

FORD 49 20 89

2000 NAT DEM REP

GORE 49 86 8

BUSH 48 11 91

lets party
LETS’ PARTY!!
  • Party is the major factor but democrats don’t always win despite 48% to 40% lead is registered voters.
    • Dems less wed to party
    • Independents often prefer GOP
    • Higher % of GOP voters actually vote
whats s your issue
WHATS’S YOUR ISSUE?
  • Broad issues predominate
    • Economy is #1 ( It’s the economy stupid”)
    • war important too
    • Retrospective voting- “How has he done?”
    • Prospective voting- “What will he do?”
jump on and take a ride
JUMP ON AND TAKE A RIDE

Coattails: Popular president has ability to drag in others from same party on his/her coattails.

- effect is in decline

boy scout dinner yummy
BOY SCOUT DINNER? YUMMY

Constituency services get votes at local level.

Communication in the community

Franking- Mailing stuff for free

that aint chump change
That aint chump change

Funding a campaign:

Hard money vs soft money:

Hard is given directly to a campaign, soft is nebulous , unregulated money spent on issues, party building etc.

2002 McCain/Feingold eliminated soft money….but not really

mccain feingold doa
McCain/Feingold..DOA

Bipartisan campaign Reform Act of 2002- outlawed soft money and restricted hard money

1. Eliminated soft money

2. Prohibited corporations from broadcast electioneering within 60 days of election

they are so darn tricky
They are so darn tricky

Soft money lives!!- 527 organizations ( named for section in the tax code) run // campaigns ex.- Swift Boat veterans, Moveon.org

Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission- 5-4 ruling that corporations can not be restricted- 1st amendment!!!

pac s pac s pac s pac s
PAC’S PAC’SPAC’SPAC’S

Political Action Committee- run by corporations, unions, politicians etc.

Raise money for candidates

2008 limits $5,000 to an individual per election cycle $15,000 to the party

Typically give to those that help the most- buying influence

Gee,I wonder why these guys are getting big money

little bundle of joy
Little BUNDLE of Joy

Bundling- When a donor maxes out he gets friends, employees etc to donate and he presents the donation in one big bundle. BINGO, influence is purchased

Bundle of influence

super pac s
Super PAC’s

PACs give money to politicians, Super PAC’s do not

PAC’s have those nasty spending limits, Super PAC’s do not

2012 Super PAC spending just through FEBRUARY!!! Are you kidding me?

confused absolutely
Confused? Absolutely

PAC :funnel campaign contributions directly to candidates. Corporations cannot contribute directly to PACs but can sponsor a PAC for employee donations. Annual donations are limited to $5,000 from individuals, whose names and contributions must be disclosed. Bundling likely

Super PAC:raise and spend unlimited amounts on politics, must operate independently of candidates and cannot contribute to individual candidates. Donors must be disclosed to the FEC

527 group: can run political ads with unlimited individual and corporate contributions but must disclose donors to the IRS.

real or pollyanish
REAL OR POLLYANISH?

Wilson argues PAC’s are so numerous that politicians can take money and still vote as they please. PAC’s only make up 27% of all contributions.

Think back to the article about the super committee. Can Wilson be right?

what about congress
What about Congress?

100 Senators

435 in House of Representatives- each represents about 600,000 people.

Every 10 years a new census is done to determine representation.

Gerrymandering and malapportionment

gerrymandering
Gerrymandering

Districts drawn in an odd manner to benefit one candidate or party over another.

malapportionment
Malapportionment

Districts of considerably unequal size