slide1 n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
名词性从句 PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation


168 Views Download Presentation
Download Presentation


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. 名词性从句 NOUN CLAUSES

  2. 名词性从句 一、相关概念 二、种类 三、常见引导词 四、常考考点 1.that\what\which 2.it形式主语、宾语的用法 3.语序问题 4.同位语从句和定从的区别 5.what\whatever…6.if\whether 7.虚拟语气问题 五、练习

  3. 一.相关概念 1.名词:表示人或事物的名称的词 2.名词的句法作用:名词在句中主要作 主语,宾语,表语和同位语。另外还可以作定语,状语。 3.名词性从句: 在英语的句子结构中,本来该由名词充当的主 语、宾语、表语和同位语,由一个句子来充当,这个句子就叫: 名词性从句。

  4. 二、 名词性从句的种类 宾语从句object clause 主语从句 subject clause 名词性从句 Noun Clause 表语从句predictive 同位语从句appositive

  5. 主语从句 1.When we will start is not clear. 2.Mrs Black won’t believe that her son has become a thief. 3. My idea is that we should do it right now. 4.I had no idea that you were her friend. 宾语从句 (动词、介词、形容词之后的宾从) 表语从句 同位语从句

  6. 三、常见引导词: 1)从属连词that 2)从属连词if,whether(是否) 3)连接代词who,whom,what,which,whoever, whatever,whichever等 4)连接副词where,when,how,why等

  7. 1. That Ms Li Haixia is a bluestocking is known to us all. 2.She doesn’t know whether she can finish the work on time. 3.The problem is who will stay. 4.He can’t answer the question how he got the money.

  8. 常见引导词的作用 1)从属连词that 2)从属连词if,whether(是否) 3)连接代词who,whom,what,which,whoever, whatever,whichever等 4)连接副词where,when,how,why等 本身无意义,仅起引导作用。(引导宾语从句时可省,但是如果是并列的多个宾语从句,只能省第一个.引导其它名词性从句时不可省) 有意义,不作成分 有意义,作成分 有意义,在句中作状语

  9. 名词性从句引导词的选择原则 1.看引导词的含义 2.看引导词在从句中作什么成分

  10. 1.____he said has nothing to do with you. what when 2. _________we’ll start will be told soon. That 3. ________he did such a thing satisfied me. How 4________ we can protect cultural relics needs to be discussed.

  11. 考点1 连接词的选择 1)that 与 what的区别 What we can’t get seems better than what we have . That (a new teacher will come to our school ) is true . that只起连接作用,无意义,在从句中不 充当任何成分 what既有连接作用, 又要在从句中作成分( 主语,宾语, 表语)(… 的东西;物;话;时间;地点;人物;数目等不同概念)

  12. 1. _________ he said it made us angry . 2.________ he said at the meeting made us angry. 3. A modern city has been set up in ______ was a wasteland ten years ago. A. what B. which C. that D. where That What

  13. 1.After five hours’ drive, they reached was the place they’d been dreaming of. 2. The other day, my brother drove his car down the street at was a dangerous speed. 3. The way he did it was different fromwe were used to. 4.___________ the earth is round is known to us all. 5. Father made a promise ______ if I passed the examination he would buy me a computer. what what what That that

  14. 2)what (什么,) / which ( 表选择, 哪一个)的区别 what 1. ---Do you know ________color Mr. Black likes ? ---He may like yellow or black . I’m not sure of _________. 2. I read about it in some book or other, does it matter _______ it was? which which

  15. 3)what和whatever who和whoever的区别 Whatever • 1._________ was said here must be kept secret. • 2. _______we need is more time. • 3._______ made the long distance call to him is not important. • 4._________ breaks the law will be punished. What Who Whoever

  16. 高考题选萃 ☆ 1.____ has helped to save the drowning girl is worth praising. AWho B The one C Anyone D Whoever 2. It is generally considered unwise to give a child ____ he or she wants. A. what B. whatever C. whichever  D. whenever ☆

  17. 4 wh-ever 和 no matter wh-的区别 wh-ever 既可引导名词性从句 又可引导让步状语从句 no matter wh- 只引导让步状从句 The poor young man is ready to accept __ help he can get. (05) A. whichever B. however C. whatever matter what C

  18. 考点2 时态问题 . ● 各种时态 过去时的某种形式 如果从句表达的是客观真理或客观存在则不受此影响。 1 Tom says that they _________ (play) basketball at six o’clock yesterday evening. 2 He said that they _________ members of the Party since 1948. (be) 3 The teacher told his class that light _____ faster than sound. (travel) were playing had been travels

  19. 考点3 语序问题 疑问词引导的名词性从句要求使用陈述句语序,不能用一般疑问句语序。 你能告诉我他住在什么地方吗?Could you tell me where he lives? ( )Could you tell me where does he live? ( ) T F 他是怎么成功的仍然是个谜。How was he successful is still a puzzle. ( )How he was successful is still a puzzle. ( ) F T What time do you think will David come here ? ( ) F 疑问词+do you think\suggest\believe suppose …+陈述语序

  20. 单个的主语从句作主语时,谓语动词用单数形式。如果是两个或两个以上的主语从句作主语,谓语动词则用复数形单个的主语从句作主语时,谓语动词用单数形式。如果是两个或两个以上的主语从句作主语,谓语动词则用复数形 When the person was murdered and why he was murdered still unknown. Where and when he was born not been found. What my mother brought me apples but encouragement. 考点4 主谓一致问题 are has isn’t

  21. 考点5 it作形式主语,形式宾语的用法 @ it 作形式主语

  22. 1.It is well known/reported/ thought/said that… 2.It is clear/necessary/certain/true that… 3.It is a pity/a shame/an honor that… 4.It doesn’t matter whether… 5.It seems that… 6.It happens that…

  23. 1.It now appears ______ they are in need of help. A. that B. which C. what D. how 2.It is good news ______ they will arrive in a few days. A. which B. what C. that D. how 3.It ______ Joe drives badly. A. thought that B. thinks that C. is thought what D. is thought that 4.It ______ he was late for class. A. is happening that B. is happened that C. happened that D. is happen that

  24. b. it 作形式宾语 (1) make /find/ feel / consider / think it + adj / n + that…/ to do…/doing…it 指代后的that从句,to do, doing (2) a …like/dislike/love/hate it when… b…appreciate it if …it 指代后面从句所叙述的内容 I hate it when people laugh at the disabled . (3) …depend on it that…

  25. 1. I like ___ in the autumn when the weather is clear and bright. A. this B. that C. it D. one 2.You may depend on ____ that you parents will help you whenever you need it. A.them B. yourself C. it D. me

  26. 考点6 同位语从句和定语从句的区别 同位语从句一般跟在名词fact, news, promise, truth, belief, thought, idea, answer, information, knowledge, doubt, hope, law, opinion, plan, suggestion后面。 同位语从句用以说明或解释前面的名词的内容 同位先行词在从句中不作成分 定语从句对先行词起修饰限制作用 先行词在从句中不作成分

  27. The news that she passed the exam excited her parents . 同位语从句 解释说明;that在从句中不充当成分 但是不能省。 The news that we know from her excited all of us . 定语从句 修饰限定;that在从句中作成分、 作宾语时可以省。

  28. 考点8.用if 或whether 填空 whether / if • 1. I don’t know _________I’ll be free tomorrow. • 2. The question is ______ this • book is worth writing. whether

  29. whether Whether • 4. It depends on ______ we will have enough money. • 5. ______ they can do it matters little to us. 不用于:主从、表从、同位 、让步从 不定式前,介词后 or not 的结构中

  30. 1._____ we’ll go camping tomorrow depends on the weather. A. If B.Whether C. That D.Where

  31. 考点9 虚拟语气问题 1.在order,suggest(建议),demand,request,advise,insist(坚持应该)等所接的宾语从句中用should 型虚拟语气。should常省略。 2.在order,suggestion等名词后同位语从句,表语从句中用should 型虚拟语气,可省略should 3.在as if,as though引导的表语从句中,在必要的情况下应用过去式虚拟语气。

  32. 4.在主语从句中用来表示惊奇、不相信、惋惜、理应如此等,谓语动词用虚拟语气“(should) +do”,常用的句型有:(1)It is necessary (important, natural, strange, etc.) that... (2) It is a pity(a shame, no wonder, etc.) that... (3) It is suggested (requested, proposed, desired, etc.) that...如: It is strange that she (should) think so.

  33. 1.It is necessary that a college student ______ at least a foreign language. A. masters B. should master C. mastered D. will master 2.His suggestion was that we______ another meeting to discuss the question. A hold B would hold C held D holding

  34. 5. wish后,从句中的时态在原本的时态上退一步,即 wish that … 过去时…(跟现在相反) would +v. (跟将来相反) had done (跟过去相反) would ranther that sb did sth \ sb had done I wish that I ____that film star yesterday. A saw B. had seen C would see D has seen

  35. 1. ____is known to all,Taiwan is only part of China. 2. It is known to all____ Taiwan is only part of China. 3.____is known to all is that Taiwan is only part of China. 4. It was on Sunday ___ I met him. A. which B. that C. what D. as (非限制性定语从句) (强调句)

  36. 五.历年高考定语从句和名词性从句考题:

  37. 1.Some pre-school children go to a day care center, __they can learn simple games and songs. A. then B. there C. while D.where 2.__matters most in learning English is enough practice. A.That B. Why C.What D.Which

  38. 3. We shouldn’t have spent our money testing so many people, most of __ are healthy. A.that B.which C.what D.whom 4.__he referred to in his article was unkown to the general reader. A.That B. What C. Whether D. Where

  39. 5.Those successful deaf dancers think that dancing is an activity __ sight matters more than hearing. A.when B.whose C. which D.where 6. The seaside here draws a lot of tourists every summer. Warm sunshine and soft sands make____ it is. A.what B.that D. where

  40. 7.The village has developed a lot ___ we learned farming two years ago. A.when B.which C. that D.where 8.It is none of your business ___ other people think about you .Believe yourself. B.what C.which D.when 9.Why not try your luck downtown,Bob? That’s __ the best jobs are. A. where B. what C. when D. why

  41. 10.His movie won several awards at the film festival ,__ was beyond his wildest dream. A.which B. that C.where 11. The traditional view is __ we sleep because our brain is“programmed ”to make us do so. A.when B.why C. whether D.that

  42. 当主句是 I/ We think ( suppose, expect, believe, guess, imagine) 时,其后的宾语从句如果是否定形式,常把否定词not从从句中转移到主句中.

  43. 单个的主语从句作主语时,谓语动词用单数形式。如果是两个或两个以上的主语从句作主语,谓语动词则用复数形When the person was murdered and why he was murdered are still unknown. Where and when he was born has not been found.

  44. Thank you!