Women and Heart Disease Across the Lifespan What is Coronary Heart Disease?
Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a narrowing of the small blood vessels that supply blood and oxygen to the heart. CHD is also called coronary artery disease; Coronary artery disease; Arteriosclerotic heart disease; CHD; CAD
African American Women:
Smoking –increases blood pressure, decreases exercise tolerance and increases the tendency for blood to clot.
Obesity is a major risk factor for coronary heart disease.
Excessive alcohol intake can lead to:
"Thirty to 60 percent of children in the United States exhibit at least one risk factor for cardiovascular disease by the age of twelve." Philip R. Nader, M.D., UCSD Professor of Pediatrics, Emeritus, Child and Adolescent Trial for Cardiovascular Health .
“Women 35-to-44 have always been thought of as being very low-risk, by the traditional standards. And we know that this isn't always true”.
Dr. Suzanne Steinbaum, head of the Women's Heart Program at New York's Lenox Hill Hospital
Lower Your Riskfor Heart Disease – GO RED for WomenWearing red in February is the first step to awareness, but don’t stop there. Take a few more steps for wellness, and lower your risk for heart disease
·your risk for a heart attack. You may be surprised.
·how to lower your risk for heart disease. It’s simpler than you think.
·what your body mass index (BMI) is.
·how easy it is to get 30 minutes of physical activity most days.
·what the signs and symptoms of a heart attack are.
·what questions to ask your health care provider.
·where you can learn more.
Eat a Heart Healthy Diet
*CDC 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans
Women receive fewer interventions to prevent and treat heart disease including:
More women than men die of heart disease each year, yet women receive:
Signs of narrowed, enlarged, or hardened arteries
Uncomfortable pressure, fullness, squeezing, or pain in the center of the chest. It may last a few minutes or it may go away and come back.
"Part of the reason women fare so badly immediately after a heart attack may be because they delay treatment and have more heart damage.“
Dr. Nieca Goldberg
Spokeswoman for the American Heart Association