Waste to Energy (WTE) ~ Is it the solution to India’s waste problem?. Umesh K Baveja B.Tech, MBA December 2004, Bangalore. WTE in India ~ Background. First ambitious program to encourage WTE launched in 1995 To demonstrate that WTE is possible
Umesh K Baveja B.Tech, MBA
December 2004, Bangalore
Urban and Municipal Wastes : 1000 MW
Industrial Wastes : 700 MW
(Dairy, Distillery, Press Mud, Tannery,
Pulp and Paper and Food Processing
TOTAL : 1700 MWEnergy from Waste
But, is WTE the solution for India’s waste problem?
WTE technologies / projects are environment unfriendly
Which is an investment of Rs 8 crore per MW ie, FOUR times cost of conventional Thermal power!!
And, the subsidy exceeds 50% of total project cost!
Which is …
An unjustifiable public investment of Rs 20 crore for 800 tonnes of urban waste disposal! And a cost that should be borne specifically by the waste generator
WTE projects are economically unviable in India
Capital costs of incineration v/s recycling and composting
Job creation in the US from reuse and recycling versus disposal
High waste prevention and diversion levels are
possible and cost-effective
Collecting segregated recyclables and
organics for composting
The key to healthy communities is toredirect the millions of dollarsin investments slated for incineration systemsinto waste prevention and reduction and zero waste systemsthat maximizeboth return on investments andeconomic development opportunities