utilization of the individual first aid kit ifak
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Utilization of the Individual First Aid Kit (IFAK). Learning Objectives. Terminal Learning Objective Enabling Learning Objectives. Trauma Kit. Trauma kit to be used only for major bleeding wounds only. . Minor Injury First Aid Kit. To be used for minor injures, cuts, burns, and bruises.

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Presentation Transcript
learning objectives
Learning Objectives
  • Terminal Learning Objective
  • Enabling Learning Objectives
trauma kit
Trauma Kit
  • Trauma kit to be used only for major bleeding wounds only.
minor injury first aid kit
Minor Injury First Aid Kit
  • To be used for minor injures, cuts, burns, and bruises
life saving steps
Life Saving Steps
  • Restore the Breathing
  • Stop the Bleeding
  • Treat for Shock
  • Protect the Wound
treating minor to moderate wounds
Treating Minor toModerate Wounds
  • Stop the bleeding
  • Remove clothing from wound (If Necessary)
  • DO NOT remove penetrating objects from wound
  • Remove pressure dressing from IFAK
treating minor to moderate wounds cont
Treating Minor toModerate Wounds (Cont)
  • The size of the wound dictates whether the wings of the pressure dressing are folded in.
treating minor to moderate wounds cont8
Treating Minor toModerate Wounds (Cont)
  • Place absorbent pad over wound
  • Wrap the elastic wrap around the limb and anchor the Velcro strip
  • Note If there is a protruding object from the wound, pack gauze around object and secure. The elastic wrap is wrapped over the gauze and around the object
treating minor to moderate wounds cont9
Treating Minor toModerate Wounds (Cont)
  • Feed elastic wrap through the tension hook.
  • Pull elastic through tension hook and reverse the direction of the wrap to secure the bandage in place
treating minor to moderate wounds cont10
Treating Minor toModerate Wounds (Cont)
  • Continue wrapping the elastic bandage around the wound.
  • Once you have reached the end of the elastic wrap, rotate it to secure the Velcro strip to the wrap.
treating moderate to severe wounds
Treating Moderate toSevere Wounds
  • Cut clothing from area
  • Locating the pressure point in the groin, apply pressure to slow or stop the bleeding from the wound
treating moderate to severe wounds cont
Treating Moderate toSevere Wounds (Cont)
  • Pack wound with the gauze roll
  • Place absorbent pad of the pressure dressing over gauze and wound
treating moderate to severe wounds cont13
Treating Moderate toSevere Wounds (Cont)
  • Wrap wound as previously explained in the Minor to Moderate Wound section
  • Monitor wound for excessive blood loss. If bleeding continues, apply direct pressure to pressure dressing and pressure points for 5-10 minutes.
treating moderate to severe wounds cont14
Treating Moderate toSevere Wounds (Cont)
  • If the bleeding has stopped, splint the leg, and seek medical attention as soon as possible.
treating moderate to severe wounds cont15
Treating Moderate toSevere Wounds (Cont)
  • If the bleeding continues, as a last resort remove tourniquet from the first aid kit.
treating moderate to severe wounds cont16
Treating Moderate toSevere Wounds (Cont)
  • Apply tourniquet 2 to 4 inches above wound, so that tourniquet is between wound and heart
  • Wrap tourniquet once around
treating moderate to severe wounds cont17
Treating Moderate toSevere Wounds (Cont)
  • Run end through hook and pull in opposite direction
  • Continue to wrap until bleeding stops and secure with other s-hook
treating moderate to severe wounds cont18
Treating Moderate toSevere Wounds (Cont)
  • Remove pressure dressing and gauze from wound.
treating moderate to severe wounds cont19
Treating Moderate toSevere Wounds (Cont)
  • Wipe up excess blood with gauze
  • Pour hemostatic agent into the wound immediately wiping any excess that falls onto surrounding tissue
treating moderate to severe wounds cont20
Treating Moderate toSevere Wounds (Cont)

Hemostatic AgentCaution and Warnings

  • CAUTION –
    • Extreme heat
  • WARNING –
    • Sterility
    • Dust
    • Ingestion
    • Storage
treating moderate to severe wounds cont21
Treating Moderate toSevere Wounds (Cont)
  • Pack wound with the gauze roll
  • Place absorbent pad of the pressure dressing over gauze and wound
treating moderate to severe wounds cont22
Treating Moderate toSevere Wounds (Cont)
  • Splint the leg, mark casualty with time and date the tourniquet was applied and seek medical attention.
  • Do not remove tourniquet
treatment for burns
Treatment for Burns
  • Evaluate type of burn
  • Apply burn dressing to burned area
  • If needed, cut burn dressing to fit burned area
treatment for burns cont
Treatment for Burns (Cont)
  • Wrap gauze loosely around hand to secure burn dressing
  • Leave approx 6”-8” of gauze overhang. Cut down center until there are two tails to secure dressing.
treatment for burns cont25
Treatment for Burns (Cont)
  • Wrap tails in opposite directions
  • Using a square knot tie tails to secure dressing
  • Monitor the casualty for signs of hypothermia and/or dehydration
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