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The Insertion of BostWash within the Global and National Freight Frameworks Jean-Paul Rodrigue Associate Professor, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University, New York, USA Email: ecojpr@hofstra.edu Paper available at: http://people.hofstra.edu/faculty/Jean-paul_Rodrigue

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the insertion of bostwash within the global and national freight frameworks

The Insertion of BostWash within the Global and National Freight Frameworks

Jean-Paul RodrigueAssociate Professor, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University, New York, USA

Email: ecojpr@hofstra.edu

Paper available at:

http://people.hofstra.edu/faculty/Jean-paul_Rodrigue

freight frameworks from global to local
Freight Frameworks: From Global to Local

Production

Global

Gateways

Regional

Distribution

Corridors

Local

Consumption

Terminals

Commodity

Chains

Transportation

Integrated Transport Systems

insertion in the global trade framework
Insertion in the Global Trade Framework

Imbalanced Trade

Imbalanced Container Flows

Commodity Chains

UPS Willow Springs Distribution Center, Chicago

containerized cargo flows along major trade routes 2005
Containerized Cargo Flows along Major Trade Routes, 2005

11.7

Imports (Million TEUs)

Europe

Exports (Million TEUs)

8.9

Million TEUs

Growth (2000-2005)

9.9 (+120%)

1.8 (-18%)

5.6 (+55%)

3.3 (+14%)

17.2

9.9

13.9 (+148%)

Asia

USA

4.3 (+30%)

23.8

6.1

balance of containerized cargo flows along major trade routes 1995 2006 in millions of teus
Balance of Containerized Cargo Flows along Major Trade Routes, 1995-2006 (in millions of TEUs)
commodity chains and added value
Commodity Chains and Added Value

High

Globalization

R&D

Sales / Service

Marketing

Branding

Added value

Distribution

Design

Concept

Manufacturing

Logistics

Low

Commodity chain

insertion in the transportation and logistical framework
Insertion in the Transportation and Logistical Framework

Gateways and Corridors

Containerization and the Velocity of Freight

Shipping Networks

Global Port Operators

APL Distribution Center, Shenzhen, China

elements of the maritime land interface
Elements of the Maritime / Land Interface

Foreland (Shipping Network)

Maritime Freight Distribution

Port System

Gateways

Road

Rail

Coastal / Fluvial

Inland FreightDistribution

Corridors and Hubs

Hinterland (FDC)

world container traffic 1980 2005 reaching peak growth
World Container Traffic, 1980-2005. Reaching Peak Growth?

Adoption

Acceleration

Peak Growth

Maturity

2010(?) -

2002-2010(?)

1992-2002

1966-1992

Divergence

the velocity of freight
The Velocity of Freight

Transshipment Speed

Speed barrier

Future improvements

Pull Logistics

Logistical threshold

Containerization

Push Logistics

Shipment Speed

insertion in the continental framework
Insertion in the Continental Framework

Hinterlands

Trade Corridors

Landbridges

APL “Australia” entering San Francisco Harbor

hinterland setting and major economic regions
Hinterland Setting and Major Economic Regions

North America

Western Europe

East and Southeast Asia

Coastal concentration

Landbridge connections

Inland concentration

Coastal gateways

Coastal concentration

Low hinterland access

Gateway hierarchy

Freight Corridor hierarchy

Hinterland intensity

beware of future expectations the fallacies of linear thinking projected teu traffic port of ny nj
Beware of Future Expectations: The Fallacies of Linear Thinking (Projected TEU Traffic, Port of NY/NJ)
insertion in the regional framework
Insertion in the Regional Framework

Distribution Clusters

Regional Freight Distribution

Port Regionalization

“Maersk Sealand” Locomotive, Landers Yard (NS), Chicago

the last mile in freight distribution
The “Last Mile” in Freight Distribution

Massification

Atomization

Frequency

Capacity

REGIONAL

LOCAL

HINTERLAND

GLOBAL

Shipping Network

Corridor

Segment

Customer

“Last Mile”

Inland Terminal

Distribution

Center

Gateway

proximity and intermediacy for distribution clusters
Proximity and Intermediacy for Distribution Clusters

Intermediacy

DC

DC

Long distance transport corridor

Proximity

DC

Proximity

MetropolitanArea

conclusion global processes local realities
Conclusion: Global Processes, Local Realities

Multiscalar Freight Insertion

Modal Shift (rail corridors)

Freight Diversion (regionalization)

Translisft crane, NS Rutherford yard, PA