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The Insertion of BostWash within the Global and National Freight Frameworks

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  1. The Insertion of BostWash within the Global and National Freight Frameworks Jean-Paul RodrigueAssociate Professor, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University, New York, USA Email: ecojpr@hofstra.edu Paper available at: http://people.hofstra.edu/faculty/Jean-paul_Rodrigue

  2. Freight Frameworks: From Global to Local Production Global Gateways Regional Distribution Corridors Local Consumption Terminals Commodity Chains Transportation Integrated Transport Systems

  3. Insertion in the Global Trade Framework  Imbalanced Trade Imbalanced Container Flows Commodity Chains UPS Willow Springs Distribution Center, Chicago

  4. Containerized Cargo Flows along Major Trade Routes, 2005 11.7 Imports (Million TEUs) Europe Exports (Million TEUs) 8.9 Million TEUs Growth (2000-2005) 9.9 (+120%) 1.8 (-18%) 5.6 (+55%) 3.3 (+14%) 17.2 9.9 13.9 (+148%) Asia USA 4.3 (+30%) 23.8 6.1

  5. Balance of Containerized Cargo Flows along Major Trade Routes, 1995-2006 (in millions of TEUs)

  6. Sectors of American Imports of Asian Goods Through Maritime Container Shipping, 2004 (in TEUs)

  7. Commodity Chains and Added Value High Globalization R&D Sales / Service Marketing Branding Added value Distribution Design Concept Manufacturing Logistics Low Commodity chain

  8. Insertion in the Transportation and Logistical Framework  Gateways and Corridors Containerization and the Velocity of Freight Shipping Networks Global Port Operators APL Distribution Center, Shenzhen, China

  9. Elements of the Maritime / Land Interface Foreland (Shipping Network) Maritime Freight Distribution Port System Gateways Road Rail Coastal / Fluvial Inland FreightDistribution Corridors and Hubs Hinterland (FDC)

  10. Traffic at the 50 Largest Container Ports, 2005

  11. World Container Traffic, 1980-2005. Reaching Peak Growth? Adoption Acceleration Peak Growth Maturity 2010(?) - 2002-2010(?) 1992-2002 1966-1992 Divergence

  12. The Velocity of Freight Transshipment Speed Speed barrier Future improvements Pull Logistics Logistical threshold Containerization Push Logistics Shipment Speed

  13. Three Major Pendulum Routes Serviced by OOCL, 2006

  14. Insertion in the Continental Framework  Hinterlands Trade Corridors Landbridges APL “Australia” entering San Francisco Harbor

  15. Hinterland Setting and Major Economic Regions North America Western Europe East and Southeast Asia Coastal concentration Landbridge connections Inland concentration Coastal gateways Coastal concentration Low hinterland access Gateway hierarchy Freight Corridor hierarchy Hinterland intensity

  16. Main North American Trade Corridors and Metropolitan Freight Centers

  17. Beware of Future Expectations: The Fallacies of Linear Thinking

  18. Beware of Future Expectations: The Fallacies of Linear Thinking (Projected TEU Traffic, Port of NY/NJ)

  19. Monthly Traffic, Port of Los Angeles (TEUs)

  20. Insertion in the Regional Framework  Distribution Clusters Regional Freight Distribution Port Regionalization “Maersk Sealand” Locomotive, Landers Yard (NS), Chicago

  21. The “Last Mile” in Freight Distribution Massification Atomization Frequency Capacity REGIONAL LOCAL HINTERLAND GLOBAL Shipping Network Corridor Segment Customer “Last Mile” Inland Terminal Distribution Center Gateway

  22. Proximity and Intermediacy for Distribution Clusters Intermediacy DC DC Long distance transport corridor Proximity DC Proximity MetropolitanArea

  23. Main Access Corridors to the East Coast

  24. Boston – Washington Corridor: Volume to Capacity Ratio

  25. Port Inland Distribution Network and Freight Clusters

  26. Conclusion: Global Processes, Local Realities  Multiscalar Freight Insertion Modal Shift (rail corridors) Freight Diversion (regionalization) Translisft crane, NS Rutherford yard, PA