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  1. The Implications of Latino Student Academic Achievement Ricardo Gonzalez Executive Director Office of K16 Initiatives

  2. Overview • Quick Quiz-National Data • Texas Data • San Antonio/Bexar County Data • Local Implications • Action

  3. Hispanics Make Up What Percentage of the Nation’s Population? • 8.5% • 12.5% • 18.5% • 24.5% Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000, Table 1. Population by Race and Hispanic Origin for the United States: 2000

  4. Hispanics Make Up What Percentage of the Nation’s High School Dropouts? • 8.5 % • 15.5% • 21.5% • 30.5% Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract 2004-2005, No 255 High School Dropouts by Age, Race and Hispanic Origin 1981-2002

  5. Hispanics Make Up What Percentage of the Nation’s High School Graduates? • 24.3% • 37.3% • 48.3% • 60.3% Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract 2004-2005, No 256 Enrollment Status by Race, Hispanic Origin and Sex: 1975 and 2002

  6. What Percentage of Hispanics in the U.S. earned an Associate’s Degree in 2002? • 10.1% • 19.1% • 24.1% • 31.1% Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract 2004-2005, No 283 Degrees Earned by Level and Race/Ethnicity: 1981-2002

  7. What Percentage of Hispanics in the U.S. earned a Bachelor’s Degree in 2002? • 2.4% • 4.4% • 6.4% • 8.4% Source; U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract 2004-2005, No 283 Degrees Earned by Level and Race/Ethnicity: 1981-2002

  8. What Percentage of Hispanics in the U.S. earned a Master’s Degree in 2002? • 1.6% • 2.6% • 3.6% • 4.6% Source; U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract 2004-2005, No 283 Degrees Earned by Level and Race/Ethnicity: 1981-2002

  9. What Percentage of Hispanics in the U.S. earned a Doctoral Degree in 2002? • 0.9% • 1.7% • 2.4% • 3.2% Source; U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract 2004-2005, No 283 Degrees Earned by Level and Race/Ethnicity: 1981-2002

  10. Answers 1. Nation’s Pop-12.5% 2. Dropouts-21.5% 3. HS Graduates- 60.3% 4. Associate’s- 10.1% 5. Bachelor’s- 6.4% 6. Master’s- 4.6% 7. Doctoral- 3.2%

  11. Texas Implications

  12. Texas Implications According to IDRA in October 2005, a non-profit organization created to improve the success of public schools throughout Texas, Texas high schools lose 1/3 (36%) of their students before high school graduation; almost half of those are Latino/Hispanic students, making up 48% of this population. (Source: IDRA, Quick Facts-The State of the State; www.idra.org/attrition/state.htm) 

  13. Texas Implications Texas Data Center and The Texas Challenge (2000-2040) • Latino population growth projected at 180-348% • 96%+ of net additions to TX population will be non-Anglo • Latinos will be 52-59% of state population by 2040 (Source: Texas Data Center and The Texas Challenge (2000-2040)

  14. Texas Implications Projected Proportion of Population by Race/Ethnicity in Texas, 2000-2040 59.2 53.1 32.0 23.9 2000 2010 2020 2030 2040 Source: Texas State Data Center, Population Change in Texas: Implications for Human and Socioeconomic Resources in the 21st Century

  15. Texas Implications

  16. Texas Implications

  17. Texas Implications States Ranked by Percent High School Graduates +in the Population 25 Years of Age or Older, 2004 Source: U.S. Census Bureau. Current Population Survey (CPS), 2004 Annual Social and Economic Supplement

  18. Texas Implications States Ranked by Percent College Graduates +in the Population 25 Years of Age or Older, 2004 Source: U.S. Census Bureau. Current Population Survey (CPS), 2004 Annual Social and Economic Supplement

  19. Texas Implications Projected Percent of Public Elementary and Secondary Enrollment by Race/Ethnicity in 2000 and Projections for 2040* Source: Texas State Data Center, Population Change in Texas: Implications for Human and Socioeconomic Resources in the 21st Century

  20. Texas Implications Projected Percent of Public Community College Enrollment by Race/Ethnicity in 2000 and Projections for 2040* Source: Texas State Data Center, Population Change in Texas: Implications for Human and Socioeconomic Resources in the 21st Century

  21. Texas Implications Projected Percent of Public University Enrollment by Race/Ethnicity in 2000 and Projections for 2040* Source: Texas State Data Center, Population Change in Texas: Implications for Human and Socioeconomic Resources in the 21st Century

  22. Texas Implications Texas 38 Out of 50 states and the District of Columbia ranked 4th grade reading proficiency Texas 23 Out of 50 states and the District of Columbia ranked on 4th grade math proficiency Texas 22 Out of 50 states and the District of Columbia ranked on the gap between reading proficiency of low-income 4th graders and their more affluent peers Texas 22 Out of 41 states ranked on the gap between reading proficiency of white and Latino 4th graders Texas 38 Out of 50 states and the District of Columbia ranked 4th grade reading proficiency (1=best, 51=worst) Texas 23 Out of 50 states and the District of Columbia ranked on 4th grade math proficiency (1=best, Texas 22 Out of 50 states and the District of Columbia ranked on the gap between reading proficiency of low-income 4th graders and their more affluent peers (1=best, 51=worst) Texas 22 Out of 41 states ranked on the gap between reading proficiency of white and Latino 4th graders (1=best, 41=worst) Texas 32 Out of 50 states ranked on their high-school graduates' academic readiness for college (1=best, 50=worst)

  23. Texas Implications Texas 32 Out of 50 states ranked on their high-school graduates’ academic readiness for college (1=best, 50=worst) Texas 41 Out of 50 States, Texas Ranked SAT Scores Scores for HS Grads   Texas 47 Out of 50 States, Texas Ranked SAT Overall Composite Scores for HS Grads   Texas 43 Out of 50 States, Texas Ranked ACT Scores Scores for HS Grads   Texas 38 Out of 50 states and the District of Columbia ranked 4th grade reading proficiency (1=best, 51=worst) Texas 23 Out of 50 states and the District of Columbia ranked on 4th grade math proficiency (1=best, Texas 22 Out of 50 states and the District of Columbia ranked on the gap between reading proficiency of low-income 4th graders and their more affluent peers (1=best, 51=worst) Texas 22 Out of 41 states ranked on the gap between reading proficiency of white and Latino 4th graders (1=best, 41=worst) Texas 32 Out of 50 states ranked on their high-school graduates' academic readiness for college (1=best, 50=worst)

  24. San Antonio/Bexar County Implications

  25. Local Implications BEXAR COUNTY More specifically related to Bexar County and its students. Over the past nine years, Hispanic students have made modest gains in reducing the dropout rate, although remain above the state average. Source: IDRA, Bexar County Attrition Rates, 1996-2005; www.idra.org/county.asp?name=Bexar+County&Submit=Submit

  26. Local Implications Source: IDRA, Bexar County Attrition Rates, 1996-2005; www.idra.org/county.asp?name=Bexar+County&Submit=Submit

  27. Local Implications Of all those who graduate from high school, only one in five enrolls in a Texas public university the following fall. Close to one in four enrolls in a two-year college, but more than half will not enroll at all. – Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board, February 2003 Overall, as reported by the U.S. Department of Labor in 2003, high school dropouts are 72 percent more likely to be unemployed than high school graduates – Lehr et al., 2004 Weak school holding power has cost Texas citizens almost half a trillion dollars in foregone income, tax revenues, increased welfare, job training, unemployment and criminal justice costs. – Intercultural Development Research Association, 2003 Source: IDRA, Bexar County Attrition Rates, 1996-2005; www.idra.org/county.asp?name=Bexar+County&Submit=Submit

  28. Local Implications

  29. BEXAR COUNTY Ranging from $19,000-$35,000 Source: San Antonio Area School Districts Local Implications Household Income: Nationwide: $50,000 Hispanics: $34,397 Source: U.S. Census Bureau Special Report, We the People: Hispanics in the US, 2000. IN EDUCATION WE TRUST IN EDUCATION WE TRUST 10M 10M 10m 10m $99,207 $99,207 It’s All About the Bling, Bling... $86,297 $86,297 $51,183 $51,183 Professional Degree Professional Degree $40,478 $40,478 Doctorate Degree Doctorate Degree $29,872 $29,872 Master’s Degree Master’s Degree Bachelor’s Degree Bachelor’s Degree $22,985 $22,985 $16,173 $16,173 Associate Degree Associate Degree HS Diploma HS Diploma No HS Diploma No HS Diploma www.utsa.edu/k16 10m 10m 10m 10m Source: Gear Up No. 1 “Inquire about your Future” 2002; and 2000 US Census Bureau 2000 Source: Gear Up No. 1 “Inquire about your Future” 2002; and 2000 US Census Bureau 2000

  30. How Does All This InformationAffect Me? • Closing the GapsNo Child Left Behind-TAKSHB 158

  31. Closing the Gaps-2015 • By 2015 • Close gaps in participation, success, research, and excellence • Goal of increasing college attendance to 5.7% of state population (600,000) • What grade level are the students at now?

  32. No Child Left Behind-NCLB • AYP • Annual Year Performance-Groups • State Accountability Assessments/Incentives • College Ready Standards • Rigor, Relevancy & Relationships • How will this affect your classroom instruction?

  33. 77th Legislature-HB 158 HB 158 – Counseling at public schools • Instructs counselors at elementary, middle, high school to provide college advice to: • Students/Parents or guardians • Information includes course work required, financial aid, value of h.e., automatic admissions programs HB588, etc… • Idea to improve timing of access to information • What is being done P-5th grades? 6th-8th grades?

  34. Action What Can You do? • Develop College Hallways/Doors • Display College/University Diploma in Class • Campus College Day Every Friday • Coordinate a College Fair Day • Incorporate College Info into Daily Curriculum in content areas • Coordinate a campus visit for your students with a local H.E. institution • AVID • Incorporate College Programs specific for parents (bilingual) • Continue education with University

  35. Ricardo Gonzalez Office of K16 Initiatives Executive Director(210) 458-2763ricardo.gonzalez@utsa.edu