Презентация к уроку английского языка по теме: «Знаменитые люди России:творчество Антона Павловича Чехова». Учитель английского языка ГБОУ СОШ № 629 г. Москвы: Баева Марина Леонидовна
Oskolki (1882); • The SteppeThe Story of a Journey (1888); • The Seagull (1894); • The Lady with the Dog (1899); • The Darling (1899); • Three Sisters(1900); • The Cherry Orchard(1904); • Plays and short stories.
The famous characters of this story are: • Olenka • Plemyanniakov • Kukin • Vassily Andreitch Pustovalov • Smirnin • Sasha
the daughter of a retired collegiate assessor. • Very beautiful, but is also emotional, gentle, soft-hearted, compassionate, with mild and tender eyes. • Easily sways with the opinions around her and follows those that are closes to her. • She is referred to as "darling" for her sweet personality and willingness to give.
Olenka’s Father - A retired collegiate assessor – has fallen ill and dies at the beginning of the story. • Olenka's first male figure.
A neighbor of Olenka – manages the open air theater. • Becomes Olenka’s first husband and dies when he works in Moscow. • Described as a small thin man, with a yellow face, with curls. • talks in a thin tenor voice with an expression of despair, but had a deep genuine affection in Olenka.
Olenka's neighbor, • a merchant from a timber yard. • He comforts her after the death of Kukin and falls in love with Olenka. • Falls ill from a cold and later dies a few months later. • Olenka's third male figure.
and his son Sasha • a veterinary surgeon; • has separated from his wife who has his son; • left her because of unfaithfulness; • Easily embarrassed by Olenka; • Olenka's fourth male figure. • Smirnin’s son from his previous marriage: • attends school and is very intelligent. • Parents abandoned him for work and social lives so was raised by Olenka. • This is the last male figure that Olenka cares for, but smothers him with maternal love as compared to her previous husbandsmale figures.
Discussion • What do you think about the main characters? • How do you compare Olenka with young modern generation? • Comment Chekhov’s words “Keep a man in yourself”.
The conclusion Chekhov is famed for an economy of words and a sparing use of detail. Almost every word is important and is used to convey a single impression of a person or situation. Chekhov portrays Olenka in three very different romantic situations with the identical result; the reader cannot fail to grasp the point. The fourth situation occurs when the time for romantic love has passed, yet the love for the boy, Sasha, produces the same result: complete adoption of the opinions of the person loved. In the limited space of the short story the various characters are well-defined, demonstrating the ability of the author to impart much information in a very small space.
Fluent view on his other works The Three Sisters; The Cherry Orchard.
Three Sistersis a naturalistic play about the decay of the privileged class in Russia and the search for meaning in the modern world. It describes the lives and aspirations of the Prozorovfamily, the three sisters (Olga, Masha, and Irina) and their brother Andrei. They are a family dissatisfied and frustrated with their present existence. The sisters are refined and cultured young women who grew up in urban Moscow; however for the past eleven years they have been living in a provincial town.
The eldest of the three sisters, she is only 28 years old. Olga is a teacher at the high school, where she frequently fills in for the oft-absent headmistress. Olga is a spinster and at one point tells Irina that she would have married "any man, even an old man if he had asked" her. Olga is very motherly even to the elderly servants, keeping on the elderly nurse-retainer Anfisa, long after she has ceased to be useful. When Olga reluctantly takes the role of headmistress permanently, she takes Anfisa with her to escape the clutches of the heartless Natasha.
The middle sister, she is 21 at the beginning of the play. She married her husband, Kulygin, when she was 18 and just out of school. When the play opens she has been disappointed in the marriage and falls completely in love with the idealistic Lieutenant-Colonel Vershinin. They begin a clandestine affair. When he is transferred away, she is crushed, but returns to life with her husband, who accepts her back despite knowing what she has done. She has a short temper, which is seen frequently throughout the play, and is the sister who disapproves the most about Natasha.
The youngest sister, she is 20 at the beginning of the play, she is called “name day” and though she insists when she is grown-up. She is still enchanted by things such as a spinning top brought to her by Fedotik. Her only desire is to go back to Moscow, which they left eleven years before the play begins. She believes she will find her true love in Moscow, but when it becomes clear that they are not going to Moscow, she agrees to marry the Baron Tuzenbach, whom she admires but does not love. She gets her teaching degree and plans to leave with the Baron, but he is shot by Solyony in a pointless duel. She decides to leave anyway and dedicate her life to work and service.
he is a brother of the three sisters. In Act I, he is a young man on the fast track to being a Professor in Moscow. In Act II, Andrei still longs for his old days as a bachelor dreaming of a life in Moscow but it is now stuck in town with a baby and a job as a secretary for the Country Council. In Act III, Andrei's debts have grown to 35,000 rubles and he has been forced to mortgage the house, although he doesn't tell his sisters or give them any shares. Act IV finds Andrei in a pathetic shell of his former self, now the father of two. He acknowledges that he is a failure and that he is laughed at in town because he is only a member of the village council, of which Protopopov, his wife's lover, is the president.
Discussion • What do you think about the main characters? • “To live people must work”. How can you comment these words? • What do you need to be happy?
The conclusion • I have an intense love or hate relationship with Chekhov and it is because of this play. Three sisters sitting around whining about taking the train to Moscow. It is a story of transformation, boredom and listlessness. Which may be why I felt bored and listless when reading it. Perhaps. To go to Moscow. To go back to Moscow. Moscow. . .Moscow. . .
The play concerns an aristocratic Russian woman and her family as they return to their family estate (which includes a large and well-known cherry orchard) just before it is auctioned to pay the mortgage. While presented with options to save the estate, the family essentially does nothing and the play ends with the sale of the estate to the son of a former seft; the family leaves to the sound of the cherry orchard being cut down. The story presents themes of cultural futility – both the futile attempts of the aristocracy to maintain its status and of the bourgeoisie to find meaning in its newfound materialism.
Ranyevskaya is the linchpin around which the other characters revolve. A commanding and popular figure, she represents the pride of the old aristocracy, now fallen on hard times. Her confused feelings of love for her old home and sorrow at the scene of her son's death, give her an emotional depth that keeps her from devolving into a mere aristocratic grotesque. Most of her humor comes from her inability to understand financial or business matters.
Lyubov's daughter, aged 17. She journeys to Paris to rescue her mother from her desperate situation. She is a virtuous and strong young woman. She is in love with Trofimov and listens to his revolutionary ideas, although she may or may not be taking them in.
Lyubov's adopted daughter, aged 27. Varya creates one of the mysteries of the play: why did Ranyevskaya adopt her? Is she the illegitimate child of her late husband? Is she the bastard daughter of Gayev? Serious and deeply religious, Varya is very controlling towards other characters. She has a troubled relationship with Lopakhin, to whom she is romantically linked, but of whom she disapproves.
a student and Anya's love interest. Trofimov is depicted as an "eternal" and "wandering" student. An impassioned left-wing political commentator, he represents the rising tide of reformist political opinion in Russia, which struggled to find its place within the authoritarian Czarist autocracy.
the brother of Madame Ranevskaya. One of the more obviously comic characters, Gayev is a talkative eccentric. His addiction to billiards, often manifesting itself at times of discomfort, is symbolic of the aristocracy's decadent life of leisure, which renders them impotent in the face of change. Gayev tries hard to save his family and estate, but ultimately, as an aristocrat, lacks the drive.
a merchant. Lopakhin is by far the wealthiest character in the play, but comes from the lowest social class. This contrast defines his character: he enjoys living the high life, but at the same time is uncomfortably conscious of his low beginnings and obsession with business. He is often portrayed on stage as an unpleasant character because of his greedy tendencies and ultimate betrayal of the Gayev family, but there is nothing in the play to suggest this: he works strenuously to help the Gayevs, but to no avail. Lopakhin represents the new middle class in Russia, one of many threats to the old aristocratic way of doing things.
Discussion • What do you think about the main characters? • How do you compare the family tree with the name of the play? • What do people live for?
The conclusion • “Do you see that tree? It is dead but it still sways in the wind with the others. I think it would be like that with me. That if I died I would still be part of life in one way or another.” • “There will come a time when everybody will know why, for what purpose, there is all this suffering, and there will be no more mysteries. But now we must live ... we must work, just work!” • “As Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky was to Russian Ballet was Anton Chekhov to the Russian stage. The Three Sisters (1901) is a play in four scenes and relates the mundane life of a well-to-do Russian family. The men and women in this society couldn't imagine working for a living. They don’t seem very happy with their circumstances but looked down on all that were forced to live by trade or some other physical endeavor. Military service or intellectual enterprises were acceptable but only as a last reso… more.”
You have seen the advert on TV and would like to star in the film “The Darling”. Write your letter of application. Include: why you would like the part, why you think you would be good at it. Follow the rules of letter writing. Write 100-140 words.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anton_Chekhov • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Three_Sisters_%28play%29 • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Cherry_Orchard • http://www.kino-teatr.ru/teatr/movie/976/titr/