Test Preparation PSY 1730
Key Concepts • When do you start studying for a test? • Why doesn’t the way you studied in High School work in College? • What role does memory play in test preparation? • How does memory work? • What are Advance Organizers?
When do you start studying for a test? • The FIRST day of class! • You are responsible for material covered in (unless otherwise instructed): • Lectures • Text • Homework • Labs and Field Trips • Outside Readings
The Six-Hour D I studied six hours and still got a D! *%!*#@!!
Why doesn’t the way you studied in High School work in college? • More material is covered in college classes, usually in a shorter length of time. • The content is more complex. • You will be expected to understand, synthesize, apply, analyze, and evaluate information – not just memorize it. • Over-learn material to avoid “brain-freeze” (takes time and repetition).
Memory and Your Brain • The brain: • Has a natural learning process. • Has an innate sense of logic. • Is a pattern seeker. • Is a problem solver. • Is imaginative and creative (can see in new ways). • Is motivated to learn. (Smilkstien, 2000)
Bloom’s Taxonomy: Six Thinking Levels Evaluation Synthesis Analysis Application Comprehension Knowledge (requires memorization or recognition only)
Blooms Defined • Knowledge-level = recognize or memorize • Comprehension-level = understand • Application-level = apply to a new situation • Analysis-level = break into parts • Synthesis-level = bring into a single unit • Evaluation-level = judge worth/value (uses Analysis and Synthesis)
Your Brain Needs You to Organize Information! • Advance Planners • Comparison Charts • Process Diagrams • Concept Maps • Outlines • Time Lines • WebCT Assignment Web Site for Test Preparation: http://www.usu.edu/arc/study_guide/creating.htm
Informal Outline • 1. Dynamic (also called psychoanalytic) Characteristics Person continually in conflict; opposing forces Source of forces = psychic apparatus • Psychic apparatus • Id: instinctual drives possessed at birth such as hunger, thirstsex and aggression most important drives (per Freud) • Ego: reconciles demands of id with "real" world moderates and guides basic instincts in line with society's normsprovides capacity for delayed gratification • Superego: conscience ("internalized parent") shaped by social forces such as school, church, close acquaintances • 2. Humanistic • 3. Social learning
Group Activity • Five Groups • Each create an assigned advanced organizer • Comparison Chart • Process Diagram • Concept Map • Outline • Time Line • Draw on Transparency • Share with Class
Review You will do better on college exams if you: • Study over several days • Study in small time chunks – 50 min., 10 min break • Study when you have peak energy • Use Advanced Organizers • Remember your brain was “Born to Learn!”