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T H E M U S E U M N E T W O R K OF S E R B I A. Dušica Živković Assistant Minister of Culture RS. T HE F IRST P UBLIC C OLLECTIONS: MID-19TH CENTURY. 1842 - Collection of Antiques - by Society of Serbian Knowledge (a predecessor of SASA)

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t h e m u s e u m n e t w o r k of s e r b i a

T H E M U S E U M N E T W O R K OF S E R B I A

Dušica Živković

Assistant Minister of Culture RS

t he f irst p ublic c ollections mid 19th century
THEFIRSTPUBLICCOLLECTIONS: MID-19TH CENTURY
  • 1842 -Collection of Antiques - by Society of Serbian Knowledge

(a predecessor of SASA)

  • 1843 - Serbian National Museum founded by Ministry of Education
  • 1847 - Founding Edict of Matica Srpska Museum
  • 1877 - The Town Museum - Bela Crkva
  • 1878 - Serbian Military Museum - Belgrade
  • 1882 - The Town Museum - Vrsac
  • 1883 - The Town Museum - Sombor
  • 1891 - The Town Museum - Kikinda
  • 1891 - The Town Museum - Subotica
  • 1907 - The Town Museum - Zrenjanin
  • 1893 - The Natural Museum - Belgrade
  • 1896 - The School Museum - Belgrade
  • 1901 - Ethnographic Museum - Belgrade
  • 1923 - Post Museum - Belgrade
  • 1923 - The Museum of Forestry and Hunting - Belgrade
d evelopment of the m useum n etwork
DEVELOPMENT OF THE MUSEUM NETWORK
  • 1945 - Sabac
  • 1945 - Uzice
  • 1948 - Pec and Leskovac
  • 1950 - Smederevo, Kraljevo and Kragujevac
  • 1951 - Zajecar, Valjevo, Pristina, Djakovica, Cajetina and Arandjelovac
  • 1953 - Cacak, Kosovska Mitrovica and Novi Pazar
  • 1954 - Svetozarevo and Krusevac

SPECIALIZED MUSEUMS

  • 1950 - Railway Museum

Museum of Applied Arts

Serbian Museum of Theatre Arts

  • 1952 - Film Archives Museum and Nikola Tesla Museum
  • 1953 - Gallery of Frescoes
  • 1954 - Museum of Serbian Orthodox Church and Museum of First Serbian Uprising
  • 1959 - Historical Museum and Jewish Museum
  • 1989 - Museum of Science and Technology
t he n etwork of m useums in s erbia today
THE NETWORK OF MUSEUMSIN SERBIA - TODAY
  • The Ministry of Culture is fully financing the work, maintenance and programs
  • of the 13 national museums:
  • National Museum - Belgrade
  • Museum of Applied Arts - Belgrade
  • Museum of Modern Art - Belgrade
  • Ethnographic Museum - Belgrade
  • Museum of Natural History - Belgrade
  • Museum of Science and Technology - Belgrade
  • Museum of Theatrical Art - Belgrade
  • Historical Museum of Serbia - Belgrade
  • Museum of Genocide Victims - Belgrade
  • Gallery of Matica srpska - Novi Sad
  • Historical Museum of Yugoslavia - Belgrade
  • Open-Air Museum “Old Village” - Sirogojno
  • Museum of Naïve and Marginal Art - Jagodina.
  • The museum network employs 533 people
  • 50 museumsbased on the Decree of Museum Competency in the categories of cultural ......assets - 1+6and by territory - 43
c ollections and f inancing
COLLECTIONSAND FINANCING

Collections of 13 National museums -3.161.149 items

  • Natural history - 1.811.008 items
  • Archeological - 324.652 items
  • Historical - 38.080 items
  • Art collections - 162.865 items
  • Ethnological - 52.961
  • Photo and archive - 423.308

Collections of 43 regional, municipal and community museums - 1.064.533 items

  • Natural history – 22.937items
  • Archeological –615.880 items
  • Historical – 115.366
  • Art collections – 55,736 items
  • Ethnological – 81.896 items
  • Photo and Archive – 76.846 items

Financing

  • National museums are financed by the Republic
  • Regional museums are financed by their founders - communities, cities or provinces
  • The Cultural Policy of the Ministry inspires quality and diversity ofprograms of regional museums by financing though competition – decentralization of cultural activities
c ultural p olicy
CULTURAL POLICY

The work of a museum is regulated by:

  • The Law on Culture
  • The Law on Cultural Assets
  • The Law on activities with special interest in culture
  • Other regulations related to culture

Cultural Policy in Serbia is governed by authorities at the level of:

  • REPUBLIC
  • PROVINCE
  • CITY
  • MUNICIPALITY

The main goals of Cultural Policy are:

  • domestic and international legislation – establisment and EU compliance
  • creating national data base of cultural assets
  • creating acreditation model for public and private institutions as well as personal licences
  • affirmation of significant centres
  • aplying principlesof business policy
  • networking at national and regional levels – international co-operation
  • intensifying co-operation between institutions of culture and science
  • inproving contacts with public
  • digitalization of the records of cultural assets
  • active media role in informing about conditions in the field of cultural heritage and the ........improvement of social responsibility
c entral i nstitute for c onservation cik
CENTRAL INSTITUTEFOR CONSERVATION - CIK

CIK – interdisciplinary educational and scientific-research center, it is ranked

with among institutes for research and development

CIK enables:

  • forming a multidisciplinary professional and scientific base in a field of cultural heritage
  • organization of education at academic and professional level in colaboration

with universities

  • appliance of multidisciplinary research in fields of preventive protection and conservation treatment
  • organization of unique documentation system in the field of protection
  • raising profesional level in heritage decisions
  • enhancing awareness of the importance and care of heritage preservation
  • improvement of comunication between all parts of the system of protection
  • wide range of publicity in all responsible institutions of government in the activities of heritage preservation
d igitalization of c ultural h eritage
DIGITALIZATIONOF CULTURAL HERITAGE
  • The Ministry of Culture declared
  • digitalization of cultural heritage is a strategic priority, and
  • initiatied a National Strategy of Digitalization of Cultural Heritagein 2007
  • The Goals of the National Strategy
  • protection of cultural heritage
  • increased accessibility to all materials which consituted ourcultural heritage
  • improvement of information technologies
  • creation of normative and infrastructural framework, which provides and .....inspires wide accessibility
  • use and exchange of cultural assets and ease of accession
  • widespread presentation of Serbian cultural heritage