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T H E M U S E U M N E T W O R K OF S E R B I A

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  1. T H E M U S E U M N E T W O R K OF S E R B I A Dušica Živković Assistant Minister of Culture RS

  2. THEFIRSTPUBLICCOLLECTIONS: MID-19TH CENTURY • 1842 -Collection of Antiques - by Society of Serbian Knowledge (a predecessor of SASA) • 1843 - Serbian National Museum founded by Ministry of Education • 1847 - Founding Edict of Matica Srpska Museum • 1877 - The Town Museum - Bela Crkva • 1878 - Serbian Military Museum - Belgrade • 1882 - The Town Museum - Vrsac • 1883 - The Town Museum - Sombor • 1891 - The Town Museum - Kikinda • 1891 - The Town Museum - Subotica • 1907 - The Town Museum - Zrenjanin • 1893 - The Natural Museum - Belgrade • 1896 - The School Museum - Belgrade • 1901 - Ethnographic Museum - Belgrade • 1923 - Post Museum - Belgrade • 1923 - The Museum of Forestry and Hunting - Belgrade

  3. DEVELOPMENT OF THE MUSEUM NETWORK • 1945 - Sabac • 1945 - Uzice • 1948 - Pec and Leskovac • 1950 - Smederevo, Kraljevo and Kragujevac • 1951 - Zajecar, Valjevo, Pristina, Djakovica, Cajetina and Arandjelovac • 1953 - Cacak, Kosovska Mitrovica and Novi Pazar • 1954 - Svetozarevo and Krusevac SPECIALIZED MUSEUMS • 1950 - Railway Museum Museum of Applied Arts Serbian Museum of Theatre Arts • 1952 - Film Archives Museum and Nikola Tesla Museum • 1953 - Gallery of Frescoes • 1954 - Museum of Serbian Orthodox Church and Museum of First Serbian Uprising • 1959 - Historical Museum and Jewish Museum • 1989 - Museum of Science and Technology

  4. THE NETWORK OF MUSEUMSIN SERBIA - TODAY • The Ministry of Culture is fully financing the work, maintenance and programs • of the 13 national museums: • National Museum - Belgrade • Museum of Applied Arts - Belgrade • Museum of Modern Art - Belgrade • Ethnographic Museum - Belgrade • Museum of Natural History - Belgrade • Museum of Science and Technology - Belgrade • Museum of Theatrical Art - Belgrade • Historical Museum of Serbia - Belgrade • Museum of Genocide Victims - Belgrade • Gallery of Matica srpska - Novi Sad • Historical Museum of Yugoslavia - Belgrade • Open-Air Museum “Old Village” - Sirogojno • Museum of Naïve and Marginal Art - Jagodina. • The museum network employs 533 people • 50 museumsbased on the Decree of Museum Competency in the categories of cultural ......assets - 1+6and by territory - 43

  5. COLLECTIONSAND FINANCING Collections of 13 National museums -3.161.149 items • Natural history - 1.811.008 items • Archeological - 324.652 items • Historical - 38.080 items • Art collections - 162.865 items • Ethnological - 52.961 • Photo and archive - 423.308 Collections of 43 regional, municipal and community museums - 1.064.533 items • Natural history – 22.937items • Archeological –615.880 items • Historical – 115.366 • Art collections – 55,736 items • Ethnological – 81.896 items • Photo and Archive – 76.846 items Financing • National museums are financed by the Republic • Regional museums are financed by their founders - communities, cities or provinces • The Cultural Policy of the Ministry inspires quality and diversity ofprograms of regional museums by financing though competition – decentralization of cultural activities

  6. CULTURAL POLICY The work of a museum is regulated by: • The Law on Culture • The Law on Cultural Assets • The Law on activities with special interest in culture • Other regulations related to culture Cultural Policy in Serbia is governed by authorities at the level of: • REPUBLIC • PROVINCE • CITY • MUNICIPALITY The main goals of Cultural Policy are: • domestic and international legislation – establisment and EU compliance • creating national data base of cultural assets • creating acreditation model for public and private institutions as well as personal licences • affirmation of significant centres • aplying principlesof business policy • networking at national and regional levels – international co-operation • intensifying co-operation between institutions of culture and science • inproving contacts with public • digitalization of the records of cultural assets • active media role in informing about conditions in the field of cultural heritage and the ........improvement of social responsibility

  7. CENTRAL INSTITUTEFOR CONSERVATION - CIK CIK – interdisciplinary educational and scientific-research center, it is ranked with among institutes for research and development CIK enables: • forming a multidisciplinary professional and scientific base in a field of cultural heritage • organization of education at academic and professional level in colaboration with universities • appliance of multidisciplinary research in fields of preventive protection and conservation treatment • organization of unique documentation system in the field of protection • raising profesional level in heritage decisions • enhancing awareness of the importance and care of heritage preservation • improvement of comunication between all parts of the system of protection • wide range of publicity in all responsible institutions of government in the activities of heritage preservation

  8. DIGITALIZATIONOF CULTURAL HERITAGE • The Ministry of Culture declared • digitalization of cultural heritage is a strategic priority, and • initiatied a National Strategy of Digitalization of Cultural Heritagein 2007 • The Goals of the National Strategy • protection of cultural heritage • increased accessibility to all materials which consituted ourcultural heritage • improvement of information technologies • creation of normative and infrastructural framework, which provides and .....inspires wide accessibility • use and exchange of cultural assets and ease of accession • widespread presentation of Serbian cultural heritage