alias STRUCTURE UNDERSTANDING the LOAD CARRYING SYSTEM of BUILDINGS SYSTEM Method of approach to understanding Collection of interrelated elements Various aspects of elements and relationships Problems related to the whole system STRUCTURE Abstract notion describing
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LOAD CARRYING SYSTEM
Method of approach to understanding
Collection of interrelated elements
Various aspects of elements and relationships
Problems related to the whole system
interrelationship of elements
(verbal, graphical, mathematical).
Multiple structures in a system.
(thermal, acoustic, light)
Security (predators, pests, enemies, etc.)
Problems and factors
Nearly all elements involved
Problem specific structures
(spatial perception, spatial cognition)
Physiological (thermal comfort)
Social (spatial layout)
Cultural (meanings, use patterns, etc.)
(thermal, radiation, wind, rain, snow, etc.)
(materials, labor, finance)
(gravitation, earthquakes, materials,
Mechanics (forces and motions)
Loads (gravitation, wind, earthquakes)
Elements + connectivity structure
STRUCTURE of building
to provide for equilibrium)
Strength (sufficient material to prevent rupture)
Rigidity (sufficient resistance to deformation)
Ductility (sufficient capacity for energy absorption)
Spatial layout (e.g. hotels, bearing walls)
Materials (e.g. masonry and vaults)
Services (integration of services)
Modeling of LCS
Prediction of loads
Analysis of mechanical forms
Understanding in terms of basic modes
1D forms - rod, planar curve, spatial curve
2D forms - plane, surface, systems of 1D forms
3D forms - solid, systems of 1D and 2D forms
Resolve hierarchy of structural problems
(overall building, breakdown of main structure,
Resolve structure of elements
Recognize the MF of elements
Look at a building LCS hierarchically.
Identify the predominant loading.
Identify the geometric form.
Identify the mechanical form.
Estimate the behavior.