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  1. Stopping the Violence….VIP Violence Indicators Prevention

  2. Stopping the Violence….VIP Making the ConnectionAnimal Cruelty Fire Setting Domestic Violence

  3. Stopping the Violence….VIP Steering Committee Clark County Animal Protection & Control Child Abuse Intervention Center Vancouver Fire Services SW Washington Humane Society Washington State Division of Children & Family Services Clark County Fire Marshal

  4. Stopping the Violence….VIP Role of Community • Recognize the Connection • Work Together Toward Solutions • Set Goals • Get the Information Out • Measuring Success

  5. Stopping the Violence….VIP Goals • Provide information regarding behavioral indicators of potential violence. • Develop reporting procedures when indicators are identified. • Provide information and resources to address violence indicators. • Enhance cross training among community service and regulatory agencies.

  6. Stopping the Violence….VIP Steps To Make A Difference! • Familiarize yourself with potential indicators • Don’t assume someone else is aware of a potential problem • Don’t ignore even minor acts of cruelty toward animals by children or adults. • Tell other people about the links between indicators and later acts of violence.

  7. Stopping the Violence….VIP VIP Committee Determinations Create Information Brochure Encourage Reporting Internal - External Reporting Forms Identify Contact and Distribution lists

  8. Stopping the Violence….VIP Future Goals Identifying GAPS: In Resources Data Sharing Cross Training Public Education Initiate Action

  9. Stopping the Violence…. Animal Cruelty RCW 16.52.205 Animal Cruelty 1st Degree - Class C felony 27 States recognize cruelty as felony Except when authorized by law: a) inflict pain b) cause injury c) kills with undue suffering, or causes minor to inflict suffering or death

  10. Stopping the Violence…. Animal Cruelty RCW 16.52.205 Animal Cruelty • 2nd Degree - misdemeanor • Fails to provide basic needs • Abandons • Affirmative defense - economic distress

  11. Stopping the Violence…. Animal Cruelty CC 8.11.070 Cruelty to Animals • Willfully kill, injure, poison, torture or torment • Cause or allow any animal to endure pain, suffering or injury • Neglect to aid or attempt to alleviate pain, suffering or injury • Neglect or fail to provide minimum care

  12. Stopping the Violence…. Animal Cruelty CC 8.11.070 Cruelty to Animals Food - Water: In each period of twenty‑four (24) consecutive hours: Food to allow for normal growth or maintenance of body weight Open or adequate access to potable water

  13. Stopping the Violence…. Animal Cruelty Shelter Pets - Access to an enclosed structure Livestock - protection from adverse environmental elements

  14. Stopping the Violence…. Animal Cruelty Veterinary care - Deemed necessary by a reasonably prudent person Confinement Areas: • Adequate space for exercise • Dry place for the animals to rest • Suitable air temperature • Free from excess waste

  15. Stopping the Violence…. Animal Cruelty Tether Become entangled Allow adequate space for movement Abandon Confine in motor vehicle unattended • dangerous temperature • lack of food or water • confinement with a vicious animal

  16. Stopping the Violence…. Animal Cruelty • Poison accessible • Fighting Animals • Train or keep with intent to fight • Permits such conduct on premises • Present as a spectator • Transport unsecured on motor vehicle • Sell/display - artificial colored • Abandon or transfer public property; • Trap other than humane live trap. • Duty when striking domestic animal with motor vehicle.

  17. Stopping the Violence …. Animals and People Animal used as punishment. • “Negligent” child control. • Abuse directed at animal to control spouse or family member. Disposable pets. • No compassion. Cruelty / Willful Abuse. • Exposing kids to fighting events.

  18. Stopping the Violence …. Animals and People Effective Components and Strategies • Humane education to K-12. • Public awareness and legal outreach. • Multi tasking and agency approach. • Shared interest group ownership. • Adoption, spaying and neutering.

  19. Stopping the Violence….Arson and Juveniles Washington State Arson Crimes • RCW 9A.48.020 Arson in first degree. (1) A person is guilty of arson in the first degree if he knowingly and maliciously: (a) Causes a fire or explosion which is manifestly dangerous to any human life, including firemen; or (b) Causes a fire or explosion which damages a dwelling; or (c) Causes a fire or explosion in any building in which there shall be at the time a human being who is not a participant in the crime; or (d) Causes a fire or explosion on property valued at ten thousand dollars or more with intent to collect insurance proceeds. (2) Arson in the first degree is a class A felony.

  20. Stopping the Violence….Arson and Juveniles • RCW 9A.48.030 Arson in the second degree. (1) A person is guilty of arson in the second degree if he knowingly and maliciously causes a fire or explosion which damages a building, or any structure or erection appurtenant to or joining any building, or any wharf, dock, machine, engine, automobile, or other motor vehicle, watercraft, aircraft, bridge, or trestle, or hay, grain, crop, or timber, whether cut or standing or any range land, or pasture land, or any fence, or any lumber, shingle, or other timber products, or any property. (2) Arson in the second degree is a class B felony.

  21. Stopping the Violence….Arson and Juveniles • RCW 9A.48.040 Reckless burning in the first degree. (1) A person is guilty of reckless burning in the first degree if he recklessly damages a building or other structure or any vehicle, railway car, aircraft or watercraft or any hay, grain, crop, or timber whether cut or standing, by knowingly causing a fire or explosion. (2) Reckless burning in the first degree is a class C felony. • RCW 9A.48.050 Reckless burning in the second degree. (1) A person is guilty of reckless burning in the second degree if he knowingly causes a fire or explosion, whether on his own property or that of another, and thereby recklessly places a building or other structure, or any vehicle, railway car, aircraft, or watercraft, or any hay, grain, crop or timber, whether cut or standing, in danger of destruction or damage. (2) Reckless burning in the second degree is a gross misdemeanor.

  22. Stopping the Violence….Arson and Juveniles • RCW 9A.48.070 Malicious mischief in the first degree. (1) A person is guilty of malicious mischief in the first degree if he knowingly and maliciously: (a) Causes physical damage to the property of another in an amount exceeding one thousand five hundred dollars; (b) Causes an interruption or impairment of service rendered to the public by physically damaging or tampering with an emergency vehicle or property of the state, a political subdivision thereof, or a public utility or mode of public transportation, power, or communication; or (c) Causes an impairment of the safety, efficiency, or operation of an aircraft by physically damaging or tampering with the aircraft or aircraft equipment, fuel, lubricant, or parts. (2) Malicious mischief in the first degree is a class B felony.

  23. Stopping the Violence….Arson and Juveniles • RCW 9A.48.080 Malicious mischief in the second degree. (1) A person is guilty of malicious mischief in the second degree if he or she knowingly and maliciously: (a) Causes physical damage to the property of another in an amount exceeding two hundred fifty dollars; or (b) Creates a substantial risk of interruption or impairment of service rendered to the public, by physically damaging or tampering with an emergency vehicle or property of the state, a political subdivision thereof, or a public utility or mode of public transportation, power, or communication. (2) Malicious mischief in the second degree is a class C felony.

  24. Stopping the Violence….Arson and Juveniles • RCW 9A.48.090 Malicious mischief in the third degree. (1) A person is guilty of malicious mischief in the third degree if he or she: (a) Knowingly and maliciously causes physical damage to the property of another, under circumstances not amounting to malicious mischief in the first or second degree; or (b) Writes, paints, or draws any inscription, figure, or mark of any type on any public or private building or other structure or any real or personal property owned by any other person unless the person has obtained the express permission of the owner or operator of the property, under circumstances not amounting to malicious mischief in the first or second degree. (2)(a) Malicious mischief in the third degree under subsection (1)(a) of this section is a gross misdemeanor if the damage to the property is in an amount exceeding fifty dollars; otherwise, it is a misdemeanor. (b) Malicious mischief in the third degree under subsection (1)(b) of this section is a gross misdemeanor.

  25. Stopping the Violence….Arson and Juveniles Scope of the Problem • Often considered “Child Play” • Est. 250,000+ deliberately set by JVs. • Arson is #1 cause of fires. • Second leading cause of fires in residences. • 52% of Arson arrests less than 18 y.o.a. • More than half of the arrests are less than 15, 7% are less than 10.

  26. Stopping the Violence….Arson and Juveniles Children at risk. • Strongest predictor - FAMILY PROBLEMS. • Family unit not a strong predictor. • Many Conduct and Aggression Problems. • ADD,hyperactivity, aggressive, socially inadequate, learning disabilities. • Parental Drug / Alcohol abuse common. • Fetal alcohol syndrome, mental illness.

  27. Stopping the Violence….Arson and Juveniles Family Factors • Significant parental or family problems. • Stress - divorce, remarriage, death, relocation. • Depressed, unaffectionate, unavailable parents or who lack supervision or parenting skills. • Abuse / neglect = 5X more likely. • Strongly related to other police contacts.

  28. Stopping the Violence….Arson and Juveniles Motives • Powerful cry for help. • Learned behavior - reinforced by other fires. • Coping mechanism due to a lack of tools. • Can’t otherwise communicate.

  29. Stopping the Violence….Arson and Juveniles Motives • Delinquent Activity. • In response to peer and gang activity. • Arbitrary - they don’t care. • Revenge. • Strategic Firesetting. • Violent, no regard for human life, poor students, alcohol and drugs, low esteem, no guilt, sociopathic.

  30. Stopping the Violence….Arson and Juveniles Motives • Severe emotional / psychological disorder. • Chronic family dysfunction and or abuse without intervention. • Fire and violence is only coping mechanism. • Psychosis or mental disorder. • Arson for profit. • Emerging.

  31. Stopping the Violence….Arson and Juveniles Treatment Programs. • Adult Court Referral • Greater reoffense / lesser crimes. • Boot Camps • Effective when combined with skill building. • Foster Care • Effective with strong, safe, supervised family settings.

  32. Stopping the Violence….Arson and Juveniles Treatment Programs. • Juvenile justice. • Early in system, stressing victim contact and reparation. • Hospitalization • Generally ineffective - no protocol. • Fire station visits. • Reinforce bad behavior.

  33. Stopping the Violence….Arson and Juveniles Effective Components and Strategies • Management (coordinate & support). • Screen and evaluate. • Intervention (primary, early and medical) • Referral and Communication. • Outreach - Community support. • Monitoring.

  34. Stopping the Violence….Arson and Juveniles Effective Components • Multi-discipline cooperation. • Grants and alternative funding.

  35. Stopping the Violence….Arson and Juveniles Sources Children and Fire in the United States: 1994-1997 ; United States Fire Administration, Federal Emergency Management Agency, Emmitsburg, MD. (Unknown) Arson and Juveniles: Responding to the Violence ; United States Fire Administration, Federal Emergency Management Agency, Emmitsburg, MD. (Unknown)