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Small Space Gardens By Lin Frye, Director Arboretum and LSG Program Johnston Community College Site Planning Find niches Locate house, lot, walk, fences in space North West (House) East

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small space gardens
Small Space Gardens

By

Lin Frye, Director

Arboretum and LSG Program

Johnston Community College

slide2

Site Planning

    • Find niches
    • Locate house, lot, walk, fences in space
  • North
  • West (House) East
  • South
    • Locate existing trees, shrubs, fences and beds you wish to keep, trash cans, storage sheds, etc.
    • Mark sun and shadow pattern across space, prevailing winds
    • Consider family needs (i.e. play area for children), recreation, outdoor cooking, entertaining, meeting areas, privacy
    • Consider water source location, underground utility lines, septic tank and field
    • List your desires
slide3

What do you want to plant?

  • Consider unconventional areas, i.e. lawn edges, for the things you wish to grow – vegetables, herbs, flowers
  • Consider sunlight and shade and a water source
  • Consider spacing requirements for your plants
  • Soil test, ph
  • Fertilizing
  • Compost
  • Native soil and amendments
slide4

Small Scale Gardens

  • Raised beds
    • Benefits: drainage, warms faster, easier to work
    • Niches
  • Even the smallest of shaded places can be used
slide5

Vertical Gardens

  • You can grow all vine crops vertically
  • Need garden supports (trellis, tall cages)
  • Can be combined with niches, square foot gardening and some containers
slide6

Square Foot Gardening

Based on the book by Mel Bartholomew “Square Foot Gardening” and French intensive gardening

  • Benefits: high yield, efficient, bountiful, minimal effort, small space
  • Intensive Gardening
  • Blocks of 4’ x 4’ raised beds separated by a narrow walking path
  • Good drainage
slide7

Square Foot Gardens

Lin Frye’s Home Gardens

  • Soil test – vegetables need 6-7 ph
  • Intercropping – importance of spacing, fertilizer, companion plants
slide8

Soil

Equal parts of coarse vermiculite, screened peat moss, coarse sand, decomposed leaf mold (or bagged compost), lime, fertilizer

OR

My formula for a 4’’ x 8’ x 1’ bed:

2 cu feet humus

½ to 1 pounds 10-10-10 slow release

fertilizer

½ pound powdered dolomitic lime

8 cu feet peat moss

8 cu feet bagged compost (sterilized)

6 cu feet cow manure

6’ to 8’ soilless mix (Metro Mix 400)

slide9

(Each block is 12 inches x 12 inches)

Each square is planted with a different crop in each square (careful with spacing and crowding)

Example: Pepper plants – one plant per 1’ sub block

i.e. If you wanted to plant an entire 4’ main block in

Pepper plants, you’d plant a total of 16 plants.

i.e. To plant spinach plants – 9 per 1 foot sub block for a total

4’ bed of 144 spinach plants.

NEVER WALK ON THIS GROWING MEDIUM! KEEP ADDING COMPOST TO KEEP YOUR SOIL IN TOP CONDITION!

slide10

SQUASH

STRAWBERRIES

  • COMPOST AND FERTILIZER
  • WATERING
  • INSECT MANAGEMENT
slide11

This system can be viewed at the Arboretum Kitchen Garden site.

  • Plant Spacings in a Square Foot Garden
  • A One-Person Garden
slide12

Container Gardening

  • Benefits: Can follow the sun or move to shade if needed
  • Can add instant color to any area
  • Can have easy access to herbs and vegetables
slide13

Container Gardening

  • Any container can be used
    • Clay, Plastic pot, Coffee Mug, Planter Box,
  • Soda containers or even old shoes
  • Make sure there are holes in the bottom of the container
  • Raise containers with holes off a solid surface to assist with drainage
  • If no holes – add ½” of small pebbles, gravel or broken crockery for drainage
  • Be sure to use a container large enough for the plant(s) you’ll be growing
  • Shallow-rooted crops (lettuce, peppers, radishes, herbs) – use containers at least 6” in diameter with an 8” soil depth
  • Bushel baskets, half barrels, wooden tubs are best for tomatoes, squash, pole beans, cucumbers.
slide14

Container Gardening

  • Different soil, water, fertilizer and cultural requirements than plants in the ground
  • Special container mixes – Jiffy Mix, Super Soil, Pro-Mix, etc.
    • Requires “soilless mix” – containing:
      • An organic part: peat moss, sawdust, wood shavings, hardwood
  • bark or pine bark
      • Mineral part: vermiculite, perlite, pumice, builder’s sand,
  • granite sand or a combination of these
slide15

SOILS

  • Special soils provide:
      • Fast drainage of water through the soil
      • Air in soil after drainage
      • A reservoir of water in the soil after drainage
  • Special soils do not usually contain fertilizer
  • Need to compensate for soil drying out faster in a container
  • Fertilizers leach with each watering
  • Must water and fertilize more frequently
slide16

FERTILIZER

  • Slow release fertilizers (MAKE SURE IT’S BALANCED)
    • (10/10/10 – nitrogen, phosphorous, potassium)
    • Mix in with soil upon planting
    • Refertilize when plants flower
    • Refertilize if needed to help a second flowering
  • Or use a weak nutrient solution (i.e. Miracle Grow) – use only 1/5 the amount of fertilizer called for on the label for a monthly application
slide17

WATERING

  • Water thoroughly after adding plant to container
  • After settling, soil should be ½” to 1” below rim of container
  • Water when soil dries or plant wilts
  • Use your finger to determine dryness of soil NOT calendar
  • Clay pots require more frequent watering than plastic or glazed pots
  • You can put one small pot in a larger one and insulate with peat moss, perlite or gravel
  • Group small pots together to help with evaporation
  • Don’t over water!!
slide18

WATER (CONTINUED)

  • Wick Watering
    • Put one end of wick into pail of water and other in soil of the container (through the bottom hole of container). Use thick cotton string
    • Provides continuous supply of water and/or weak water/fertilizer solution
    • Can also invert a saucer, place over a water-filled container, and place pot on top of saucer
      • Can also use special wicking fabrics
      • Mist container plants with water to help provide the humidity
slide19

CONTAINER PLANT SPACING

  • Check seed package for spacing requirements
  • Plant more seeds than needed because not all seeds germinate
  • Thin after germination for proper spacing
  • Place container in proper light
  • Amount of light is determined by what you’ll be growing
  • Anything with a flower or fruit MUST have at least
  • 6-8 FULL HOURS OF SUNLIGHT PER DAY
  • CONTAINER PEST CONTROL
  • Inspect weekly for pests
    • Slugs
    • Snails
    • Earwigs
    • Spider mites
    • Whitefly
    • Aphids
  • Move infected plants away from the others and treat insects accordingly
slide21

Square Foot Gardening by Mel Bartholomew

  • http://www.squarefootgardening.com/
  • Plants Available at the JCC Arboretum Plant Sale, Saturday, April 18, 9:00-2:00. Come early for best selection.
for more information
FOR MORE INFORMATION
  • Call Lin Frye (919) 209-2052
  • Call Minda Daughtry (919) 209-2184
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