security issues in mobile ad hoc networks n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Security Issues in Mobile Ad hoc Networks PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Security Issues in Mobile Ad hoc Networks

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 22

Security Issues in Mobile Ad hoc Networks - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 170 Views
  • Uploaded on

Security Issues in Mobile Ad hoc Networks. Sudipto Das BCSE – IV, Roll – 02892 Department of Computer Science & Engineering, Jadavpur University, Kolkata – 32. Presentation Outline. Mobile Ad hoc Networks - Overview Challenges in Securing MANETs Ongoing Research in Securing MANETs

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Security Issues in Mobile Ad hoc Networks' - oshin


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
security issues in mobile ad hoc networks

Security Issues in Mobile Ad hoc Networks

Sudipto Das

BCSE – IV, Roll – 02892

Department of Computer Science & Engineering,

Jadavpur University,

Kolkata – 32

presentation outline
Presentation Outline
  • Mobile Ad hoc Networks - Overview
  • Challenges in Securing MANETs
  • Ongoing Research in Securing MANETs
  • Conclusion
mobile ad hoc networks manets overview
Mobile Ad hoc Networks (MANETs) - Overview
  • MANET is a self-configuring network of mobile nodes connected by wireless links—the union of which form an arbitrary topology
  • Individual nodes act as routers

- cooperate to forward both its own traffic as well as its neighbors traffic

  • Minimal configuration and quick deployment make ad hoc networks suitable for emergency situations like natural or human-induced disasters, military conflicts, emergency medical situations etc
  • Such a network may operate in a standalone fashion, or may be connected to the larger Internet

- All these features have helped MANETs gain popularity in the last decade

manets operation

A

B

C

D

E

F

MANETs: Operation

Internet

E

Gateway

After one of the nodes is configured as a gateway, the entire network is connected to an external network like Internet

Stand-alone MANET

presentation outline1
Presentation Outline
  • Mobile Ad hoc Networks - Overview
  • Challenges in Securing MANETs
  • Ongoing Research in Securing MANETs
  • Conclusion
challenges in securing manets
Challenges in Securing MANETs
  • The salient features of ad hoc networks pose both challenges and opportunities in achieving these security goals

- use of wireless links renders a MANET susceptible to link attacks ranging from passive eavesdropping to active impersonation, message replay, and message distortion

- to achieve high survivability, ad hoc networks should have a distributed architecture with no central entities

- due to dynamic nature of MANETs, an a priori trust relationship between the nodes cannot be derived. It is desirable for the security mechanisms to adapt on-the-fly to these changes

- a MANET may consist of hundreds or even thousands of nodes. Security mechanisms should be scalable to handle such a large network.

challenges in securing manets1
Challenges in Securing MANETs
  • Security in MANET is an essential component for basic network functions like packet forwarding and routing

- network operation can be easily jeopardized if countermeasures are not embedded into their design

  • To secure an ad hoc network, the following attributes may be considered:

- Availability

- Confidentiality

- Integrity

- Authentication

- Non-repudiation

challenges in securing manets2
Challenges in Securing MANETs
  • Security exposures of ad hoc routing protocols are due to two different types of attacks:

- Active attacks through which the misbehaving node has to bear some energy costs in order to perform some harmful operation, and

- Passive attacks that mainly consist of lack of cooperation with the purpose of energy saving.

  • Nodes that perform active attacks with the aim of damaging other nodes by causing network outage are considered to be malicious.
  • Nodes that perform passive attacks with the aim of saving battery life for their own communications are considered to be selfish
  • Selfish nodes can severely degrade network performances and eventually partition the network
challenges in securing manets wormhole attacks
Challenges in Securing MANETs- Wormhole Attacks
  • In a wormhole attack a malicious node can record packets (or bits) at one location in the network and tunnel them to another location through a private network shared with a colluding malicious node.
  • Most existing ad hoc routing protocols would be unable to find consistent routes to any destination
  • When an attacker forwards only routing control messages and not data packets, communication may be severely damaged
challenges in securing manets wormhole attacks1
Challenges in Securing MANETs- Wormhole Attacks

Initial Routing before attack

Adapted from Chris Karlof and David Wagner's WSNPA slides

challenges in securing manets wormhole attacks2
Challenges in Securing MANETs- Wormhole Attacks

Initial Routing before attack

Adapted from Chris Karlof and David Wagner's WSNPA slides

challenges in securing manets wormhole attacks3
Challenges in Securing MANETs- Wormhole Attacks
  • Tunnel packets received in one place of the network and replay them in another place
  • The attacker can have no key material. All it requires is two transceivers and one high quality out-of-band channel

Adapted from Chris Karlof and David Wagner's WSNPA slides

challenges in securing manets wormhole attacks4
Challenges in Securing MANETs- Wormhole Attacks
  • Most packets will be routed to the wormhole
  • The wormhole can drop packets or more subtly, selectively forward packets to avoid detection

Adapted from Chris Karlof and David Wagner's WSNPA slides

presentation outline2
Presentation Outline
  • Mobile Ad hoc Networks - Overview
  • Challenges in Securing MANETs
  • Ongoing Research in Securing MANETs
  • Conclusion
ongoing research in securing manets securing routing in manets
Ongoing Research in Securing MANETs- Securing Routing in MANETs
  • The Secure Routing Protocol (SRP) is designed as an extension compatible with a variety of existing reactive routing protocols.
  • SRP combats attacks that disrupt the route discovery process and guarantees the acquisition of correct topological information
  • ARIADNE (a secure routing protocol based on DSR) guarantees that the target node of a route discovery process can authenticate the initiator
  • the initiator can in turn authenticate each intermediate node on the path to the destination present in the RREP message
  • no intermediate node can remove a previous node in the node list in the RREQ or RREP messages.
ongoing research in securing manets securing routing in manets1
Ongoing Research in Securing MANETs- Securing Routing in MANETs
  • ARAN secure routing protocol (conceived as an on-demand routing protocol) that detects and protects against malicious actions carried out by third parties and peers in the ad hoc environment.
  • It introduces authentication, message integrity and non-repudiation as part of a minimal security policy for the ad hoc environment
  • Consists of a preliminary certification process, a mandatory end-to-end authentication stage and an optional second stage that provides secure shortest paths
ongoing research in securing manets dealing with selfish and malicious nodes
Ongoing Research in Securing MANETs- Dealing with Selfish and Malicious Nodes
  • CONFIDANT (Cooperation Of Nodes, Fairness In Dynamic Ad-hoc NeTworks) aims at detecting malicious nodes by means of combined monitoring and reporting and establishes routes by avoiding misbehaving nodes
  • It is designed as an extension to a routing protocol such as DSR.
  • Another approach is a Token based Cooperation Enforcement Scheme that requires each node of the ad hoc network to hold a token in order to participate in the network operations
  • Tokens are granted to a node collaboratively by its neighbors based on the monitoring of the node’s contribution to packet forwarding and routing operations
  • Upon expiration of the token, each node renews its token through a token renewal exchange with its neighbors.
ongoing research in securing manets key management and node authentication
Ongoing Research in Securing MANETs- Key Management and Node Authentication
  • A Self-Organized Public-Key Management scheme based on PGP has been proposed to support security of ad hoc network routing protocols
  • Users issue certificates for each other based on their personal acquaintances
  • In authentication based on Polynomial Secret Sharing public-key certificate of each node is cooperatively generated by a set of neighbors

- based on the behavior of the node as monitored by the neighbors

  • Using a group signature mechanism based on polynomial secret sharing, the secret digital signature key used to generate public-key certificates is distributed among several nodes
presentation outline3
Presentation Outline
  • Mobile Ad hoc Networks - Overview
  • Challenges in Securing MANETs
  • Ongoing Research in Securing MANETs
  • Conclusion
conclusion
Conclusion
  • Security of ad hoc networks has recently gained momentum in the research community
  • Due to the open nature of ad hoc networks and their inherent lack of infrastructure, security exposures can be an impediment to basic network operation
  • Security solutions for MANET have to cope with a challenging environment including scarce energy and computational resources and lack of persistent structure
conclusion1
Conclusion
  • The solutions presented in this presentation only cover a subset of all threats and are far from providing a comprehensive answer to the security problem in ad hoc networks
  • They often address isolated issues away from a global approach to security
  • As the technology for ad hoc wireless networks gains maturity, comprehensive security solutions based on realistic trust models and addressing all prevalent issues like routing, key management and cooperation enforcement are expected to appear
questions

Questions?

Thank You

References

Y-C Hu, A. Perrig, D. B. Johnson, “ARIADNE: A secure On-Demand Routing Protocol for Ad Hoc Networks”, in proceedings of MOBICOM 2002.

B. Dahill, B. N. Levine, E. Royer, C. Shields, “ARAN: A secure Routing Protocol for Ad Hoc Networks”, UMass Tech Report 02-32, 2002.

P. Papadimitratos, Z. Haas, “Secure Routing for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks”, in Proc. of CNDS 2002.

Y-C Hu, D. B. Johnson, A. Perrig, “SEAD: Secure Efficient Distance Vector Routing for Mobile Wireless Ad Hoc Networks”, in 4th IEEE Workshop on Mobile Computing Systems and Applications.

S. Capkun, L. Buttyan and J-P Hubaux, “Self-Organized Public-Key Management for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks”, in ACM International Workshop on Wireless Security, WiSe 2002.

M. Reiter, S. Stybblebine, “Authentication metric analysis and design”, ACM Transactions on Information and System Security, 1999.

S. Buchegger, J.-Y. Le Boudec, “Performance Analysis of the CONFIDANT Protocol”, in proc. of MobiHoc 2002.

H. Yang, X. Meng, S. Lu, “Self-Organized Network-Layer Security in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks”, in Proc. of WiSe’02

S. Buchegger, J.Y. Le Boudec, “Nodes Bearing Grudges: Towards Routing Security, Fairness, and Robustness in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks”, in proc. of 10th Euromicro Workshop on Parallel, Distributed and Network-based Processing.

H. Luo, S. Lu, “Ubiquitous and Robust Authenticaion Services for Ad Hoc Wireless Networks”, UCLA-CSD-TR-200030.

A. Shamir, “How to share a secret”, Communications of ACM 1979.