slide1 l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Scrap Tire Disposal in the US-Mexico Border and possible Recycling Solutions in the context of the BECC Development Proc PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Scrap Tire Disposal in the US-Mexico Border and possible Recycling Solutions in the context of the BECC Development Proc

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 30

Scrap Tire Disposal in the US-Mexico Border and possible Recycling Solutions in the context of the BECC Development Proc - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 349 Views
  • Uploaded on

Scrap Tire Disposal in the US-Mexico Border and possible Recycling Solutions in the context of the BECC Development Process. Twelfth Forum of the Border Legislative Conference El Paso, Texas, November 9, 2005 Daniel Chacon General Manager. What is the.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Scrap Tire Disposal in the US-Mexico Border and possible Recycling Solutions in the context of the BECC Development Proc' - oshin


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide1

Scrap Tire Disposal in the US-Mexico Border and possible Recycling Solutions in the context of the BECC Development Process

Twelfth Forum of the Border Legislative Conference

El Paso, Texas, November 9, 2005

Daniel Chacon

General Manager

slide2

What is the

Border Environment Cooperation Commission?

Established under the framework of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) along with its sister institution, the North American Development Bank.

Highly specialized, binational agency with responsibility to identify environmental infrastructure needs and develop projects to alleviate those problems.

slide3

Geographical Mandate

The area of responsibility is defined as 100 kilometers (62 miles)

on the US side and 300 kilometers (187 miles)

on the Mexican of the border.

This region covers an area of 750,000 Miles and a population of 22.3 Million people

This region covers important urban centers like San Diego, Tijuana, Hermosillo, Cd. Juarez-El Paso- Las Cruces, Chihuahua, Monterrey, y Saltillo.

This reality demands new strategic actions.

slide4

Quality of Life

is what we’re all about

BECC’s technical nature allows it to help plan improvements to the infrastructure of communities which ultimately translate to improvements in the quality of life of the residents of those areas.

Certify environmental infrastructure projects along the U.S.-Mexico border for funding by NADB and other funding institutions.

slide5

Nature of BECC

Totally integrated bilingual, binational staff empowered to work on either side of the border, on projects for either nation.

Transparency in all processes and total access to all information regarding the projects and all actions.

Unique international organization facing challenges of developing infrastructure on both sides of international border, involving two sets of federal, state and local governments, and two different cultures.

Partnerships established with agencies with complimentary missions – IBWC, USDA, CILA, CNA.

slide6

Types of Projects

Primary Focus

Water supply

Wastewater treatment

Solid waste management

Related Areas

Industrial and hazardous waste pollution

Water conservation

Residential water and wastewater hookups

Recycling and waste reduction.

Air quality

Public Transportation

Clean and efficient energy

Municipal planning improvement

Water management

Expanded Areas

slide7

Project Certification Criteria

Human Health and Environmental Need

The project must address a human health or environmental need. There must be an environmental assessment conducted. It must comply with applicable environmental and cultural resource laws and regulations.

Technical Feasibility

Is the appropriate technology for the project and the community being utilized? Is there an appropriate plan for operation and maintenance, safety, quality assurance, training, and emergencies? Does the project comply with applicable EPA or SEMARNAT rules and regulations?

slide8

Project Certification Criteria

(Continued)

Financial Feasibility and Project Management

Revenues must cover debt, operation and maintenance. The Fee/Rate must cover all costs. Applicant must demonstrate capacity to provide service at a reasonable price, make capital improvements, and provide accounting and financial reports as necessary.

Community Participation

Was a comprehensive community participation plan implemented and documented to assure public access and participation?

Sustainable Development

The project must be designed according to sustainability principles to assure the protection and sustainable use of resources. Water management and re-use are key requirement to avoid depletion of this already scare resource.

slide9

Technical Assitance

California

$ 1.89 mil.

Arizona

$ 3.31 mil.

Nuevo Mexico

$ 3.37 mil.

Texas

$ 11.06 mil.

70 comunities in the US

$ 19.63 mil.

61 comunities in Mexico

$ 11.06 mil.

Baja California

$ 1.70 mil.

Sonora

$ 2.73 mil.

Chihuahua

$ 2.31 mil.

Nuevo Leon

$ 0.35 mil.

Coahuila

$ 1.10 mil.

Tamaulipas

$ 2.2 mil.

$ 30.69 MDD

Approved

12/2004

slide10

Certified Projects

105 Projects

California

11 proyectos

$ 182.59 mil.

Arizona

12 proy.

$ 106.22 mil.

Nuevo Mexico

7 proy.

$ 52.65 mil.

Texas

38 proy.

$ 655.88 mil.

69 in US

$ 997.34 MDD

36 in Mexico

$ 1.18 BDD

Coahuila

3 proy.

$ 154.80 mil.

Tamaulipas

5 proy.

$ 232.60 mil.

Baja California

9 proy.

$ 497.19 mil.

Sonora

11 proy.

$ 172.76 mil.

Chihuahua

7 proy.

$ 195.08 mil.

Nuevo Leon

1 proy.

$ 1.40 mil.

Estimated Cost -- $2.18 BDD

Covers more than 8 Million people

12/2004

scrap tire generation
Scrap tire generation
  • In the United States, about 280 million scrap tires are generated per year (one per person)
  • In Mexico, about 40 million scrap tires are generated per year
  • Many more used tires are imported into Mexico, both legally and illegally, contributing extensively to the scrap tire problem
slide16

Tire-derived fuel (cont.)

  • Most developed market for scrap tires worldwide
  • Depending on the incinerator and primary fuel, tires can be burned whole or shredded
  • Used as a supplemental fuel with solid fuels such as coal or wood
  • Used predominantly by the cement industry, also by power plants, pulp & paper mills, and steel mills
  • Emissions profile is similar to coal’s, but with more particulate matter and zinc and less SO2

41% of scrap tires generated in the U.S. in 2001 were used as fuel

slide17

Civil engineering applications

  • Structural backfill
  • Erosion control
  • Landfill liners and covers
  • Municipal sewage treatment
  • Septic system drainage fields
slide18

Civil engineering applications (cont.)

  • Leaching from the metal in the tire chips is a concern
  • Formation of “hot spots” in tire shreds used in fill projects is a concern
  • Bacterial activity

14% of scrap tires generated in the U.S. in 2001 were used in civil engineering projects

slide19

Ground rubber applications

  • Rubber-modified asphalt
  • Playgrounds and athletic surfaces
  • Molded & bound products
    • Livestock mats
    • Speed bumps
    • Railroad crossings
    • Roof shingles
  • New tire manufacturing

12% of scrap tires generated in U.S. in 2001 were recycled into ground rubber

slide20

Ground rubber applications (cont.)

Rubber-modified asphalt

  • Largest use of ground rubber—12 million tires/yr
  • Withstands hot and cold temperatures better than traditional asphalt
  • Lower life-cycle costs
    • AZ study found 40% lower life-cycle cost over 25 years
  • Increased traffic safety due to increased skid resistance and decreased maintenance needs
  • Decreased traffic noise by 4-6 decibels
slide21

Other uses for scrap tires

  • Retreading (for tire casings in good condition)
  • Pyrolysis
    • 40% carbon black
    • 25% pyrolysis oil
    • 20% hydrocarbon gases
    • 15% steel
slide22

Financial viability

  • Viability of any tire disposal or recycling project is highly dependent on several project-specific factors
  • Supply — # of locally available scrap tires
  • Location — Distance of tire stockpiles from the recycling center, and distance from markets for the end product
  • Size of system — economies of scale
  • Labor — costs of transporting, handling, and processing the tires
  • Condition — tires that have been in stockpiles may be too dirty or degraded for some options
  • Fuel costs — for TDF, cost of competing fuels such as coal and natural gas
slide23

Health effects

  • Tires provide habitat for vectors of human disease
    • Mosquitoes
      • Yellow fever, dengue fever, malaria, encephalitis and the West Nile virus
    • Rodents
      • Rabies, hantavirus, lyme disease, and the plague
  • Transport of tires spreads invasive species
    • Asian tiger mosquito (Aedes albopictus)
    • Yellow Fever mosquito (Aedes aegypti )
slide24

Scrap tire pile hazards: Fire

  • Highly combustible
    • Ignition by arson or lightning strikes
  • 20 major tire fires annually in the U.S.
  • Costly and lengthy firefighting efforts; substantial clean up problems
  • Sources of environmental contamination
    • Air
    • Surface water and ground water
    • Soils
slide25

Human health effects of open tire fires

  • Nearby residents
  • Emergency responders
  • Acute and chronic health effects
      • Irritation to skin, eyes, and mucous membranes
      • Respiratory effects
      • Central nervous system depression
      • Cancer
slide26

Overarching themes

  • Critical tire management strategy—to eliminate scrap tire piles
  • Fire prevention planning and training is paramount for existing tire stockpiles
  • All options discussed (tire-to-energy, civil engineering, ground rubber) have the potential to be certified under the BECC criteria
  • A binational assessement is requiered for legal and environmental responsibility in the whole distribution process like tax evasion, the fraudulent misuse of the disposal fees paid in the US and environmental and health risks due to mismanagement of scrap tires originated in the US
disposal options in the mexican border
Disposal options in the Mexican Border

Several Recycling options have been analyzed or developedrecently in the Mexican side of the Border: Pilot Project of Pirolisis in Matamoros; Canadian Pirolisis Option presented to Juarez; Australian ground rubber technology presented to Juarez; llancreto from Cemex with one street paved in San Pedro Garza, Nuevo Leon and other street paved in Tijuana, Baja California; TDF in cement kilns in Baja California, Sonora and Chihuahua

border 2012 goals to clean up of scrap tires sites with funding from epa and semarnat
Border 2012 Goals to clean up of scrap tires sites with funding from EPA and SEMARNAT
  • El Centinela in Mexicali
  • INNOR site in Mexicali
  • Site in the landfill of Juareze
status of the clean up of scrap tires sites
From 2004 to 2005 some 1.3 million tires have been disposed

420,000 from INNOR

400,000 from El Centinela

40,000 from 6 Delegations of Tijuana

550,000 from the landfill of Juarez

Status of the clean up of scrap tires sites
funding sources for the clean up of scrap tires sites in the border 2004 2005
Funding sources for the clean up of scrap tires sites in the border (2004-2005)
  • Semarnat 310,000 Dls
  • USEPA 225,000
  • Gov. of Chihuahua 40,000
  • Municipality of Juarez 40,000
  • Gov. of Baja Calif. 200,000