Understanding Why Children Engage in Challenging Behavior Developing Positive Effective Strategies. Positive Behavior Support. Amy McCart, Ph.D. Learning Disabilities of Kansas Conference November 7, 2008. Agenda. Understanding Positive Behavior Support How does behavior work?
PBS involves comprehensive multi-component support that focuses on:
Conditions or circumstances that increase the likelihood of problem behavior
Setting events “set the stage…”
Likelihood of Behavior
Can decrease the
Likelihood of Behavior
Problem behavior occurs to accomplish the following
Sugai & Horner, 2001
With an example from your experience identify the following:
Utah SIGNAL Project
Utah State University
Can I change the environment, or routine or schedule to change this behavior?
Can I reward or acknowledge a positive behavior instead?
Can I teach a new skill to replace this behavior?
Can I think of more than one way to address this behavior in a positive way?
What can I do to prevent this behavior in the future?
Key Settings and Core Behavioral Strategies for the Home
Focus Child: _______________________ Date: _________________
Home Setting: ________________________
1) Sketch out a diagram of how a problematic home setting (room, area, floor of the house, outside area) is set up on the back of this page. What changes can be made to make is less problematic environmentally (increase visual supervision, support active engagement in activities, etc.)
2) Record a typical daily schedule, include transition times as specific activities.
3) Decide what your clearly defined behavioral expectations will be for your home. What do they look like and not look like in this specific environment.
4) Select a motivation system for your home or this specific environment, using a layered positive based motivation system; try not to rely on one system.
5) Establish clear steps to deal with behavioral concerns when necessary.
6) Write down 3 or 4 back up activities that will be available to your child, if a planned activity is not working. Have all needed supplies and materials for these back up activities available.
7) Select specific ways to handle transitions in your home. Specifically, how will your child know it is time to change activities and how will they go about moving from one activity to another?
8) How will you ensure consistency with your child in other environments in your home or at restaurants, in a vehicle, etc.?