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Architecture. M. Ryan Academic Decathlon 2005-06. Architecture. The art and science of designing and constructing buildings. Architecture. Architects: specialists in designing structures. Architecture.

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m ryan academic decathlon 2005 06

Architecture

M. Ryan

Academic Decathlon

2005-06

slide2

Architecture

  • The art and science of designing and constructing buildings
slide3

Architecture

Architects: specialists in designing structures

slide4

Architecture

One of the early architectural developments was the use of the “post-and-lintel” method

A beam is placed horizontally across upright posts.

slide5

Architecture

Ancient Greek “Orders” (styles): composed of a shaft, capital, and base. (click me)

http://www.bozzle.com/perClassicOrders.html

slide6

Architecture

Entablature: the top of an order; includes the architrave, frieze, and cornice.

http://penelope.uchicago.edu/~grout/encyclopaedia_romana/architecture/entablature.html

slide7

Architecture

Other key developments include the arch,

http://www.arlington.k12.va.us/schools/drew/a&a/theromans.htm

slide8

Architecture

the vault,

http://www.arlington.k12.va.us/schools/drew/a&a/theromans.htm

slide9

Architecture

and the dome (my personal favorite).

http://www.arlington.k12.va.us/schools/drew/a&a/theromans.htm

slide10

Architecture

The arch was a purely Roman invention. An arch is often made up of small stones called voussoir and a large central stone called a keystone.

slide11

Architecture

A series of columns is called a colonnade.

A series of arches is called an arcade.

slide12

Architecture

The arch, vault, and dome are variations of the same concept that allowed for greater height and more space inside a building.

slide13

Architecture

The Romans were great engineers. They developed concrete as a building material, which was used in building aqueducts, baths, and other public works projects.

slide14

Architecture

Flying Buttress: external arch that counter-balanced the outward thrust of the high, vaulted ceilings.

http://www.m-w.com/mw/art/flyingbu.htm

slide15

Architecture

During the Industrial Revolution, many new materials were developed: glass-- Crystal Palace (1851)

http://www.uh.edu/engines/epi1158.htm

slide16

Architecture

and wrought iron:

The Eiffel Tower

slide17

Modern Architecture

Antonio Gaudi: Spanish architect– no flat surface or straight lines (organic)

http://www.lexised.com/architecture/gaudi/casam.html

slide18

Modern Architecture

Antonio Gaudi’s most famous building: “La Sagrada Familia”

slide19

Modern Architecture

The 1st skyscraper was made in St. Louis, MO by Louis Sullivan who coined the expression “form follows function”.

slide20

Modern Architecture

Frank Lloyd Wright: American architect; carefully considered the environment where the building was to be constructed.

“Falling Water”

More Wright

slide21

Modern Architecture

Steel and concrete are the favored materials for commercial type construction.

Wood and brick are the favored materials for residential construction.