Indian women stand in front of their tipi camp. This image of Crow Indians in Montana was taken around 1890. Some Indian groups continued to live in tipis until the early 1900s. Photo courtesy of the Denver Public Library, Western History Collection. Cliff Houses at Messe Verde.
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Indian women stand in front of their tipi camp. This image of Crow Indians in Montana was taken around 1890. Some Indian groups continued to live in tipis until the early 1900s. Photo courtesy of the Denver Public Library, Western History Collection.
The house is approximately 16 by 9 feet and is made from material taken from the palmetto tree. It is actually a platform elevated above the ground and is open on all sides without rooms. Only the space above the joists which are extended across the building provide extra space to place surplus food and general household effects. The roof is about 12 feet above the ground. Upright palmettos logs, unsplit and undressed, support the roof and many rafters sustain the palmetto thatching. The roof thatching is a mass of palmetto leaves which is held in place with heavy logs which are bound together and laid astride the ridge pole. The floor is made of split palmetto logs, flat sides up, upon beams which are lashed to the uprights by palmetto frond ropes. The covered platform serves to furnish the inhabitants with a dry sitting or lying down place. Household utensils, are suspended from the uprights or pronged sticks driven into the ground. (MacCauley 1887)
Two Puget Sound Indian girls standing in front of a summer dwelling house, about 1900. Their home, garments, and baskets are made of cedar.
MSCUA, University of Washington Libraries, NA690.
Two Puget Sound Indian elders in front of a typical winter dwelling, around 1898.
Photograph by Anders B. Wilse, MSCUA, University of Washington Libraries NA1347.