GENDER EQUALITY AND VIOLENCE. DEX. WHY THIS ISSUE MERITS EXTRA ATTENTION. A MAJOR RISK FACTOR FOR PARTNER VIOLENCE BECAUSE IT IS SO PREVALENT, EVEN THOUGH THE EFFECT SIZE IS NOT LARGE THE EVIDENCE IS STRONG AN IMPORTANT SOCIAL GOAL, EVEN IF IT HAD NO EFFECT ON PARTNER VIOLENCE
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They are not necessarily competing theories
Can be “additive”
Can interact, i.e. one can “moderate” the effect of the other
THREE SUB INDEXES AND AN OVERALL INDEX
CORRELATION WITH NOW MEMBERSHIP ILLUSTRATES LIMITATIONS OF CROSS-SECTIONAL DATA
What can you conclude from the red coefficients?
What can you conclude from the green coefficients?
1. High rates of PV regardless of equality
2. Little effect of Equality until the high half of equality
1. Low rates of PV
2. Equality has strong effect & reaches near zero
Shows how one aspect of society influences the effect of other aspects
RELATION OF DIFFERENT TYPES OF VIOLENCE TO EACH OTHER
r = .29
THE SAME THING CAN BE SHOWN FOR RACIAL INEQUALITY – THE GREATER THE DEGREE OF EQUALITY BETWEEN RACES, THE LOWER THE RATE OF VIOLENCE
In society, In the family
Equality, Social Disorganization
Male dominance is an important cause, but it is only one of many causes
Illustrates the fact that even highly desirable social changes can have undesirable aspects
In many different national and cultural contexts
Kim, J.-Y. A. E., Clifton. (2003). Marital power, conflict, norm consensus, and marital violence in a nationally representative sample of Korean couples. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 18(2), 197-219.
Medieros, R. A. & Straus (2006)
So-Kum Tang, C. (1999). "Marital Power and Aggression in a Community Sample of Hong Kong Chinese Families. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 14(6), 586.
Straus, M. A., & Consortium, Unpublished data from The International Dating Violence Study. Durham, New Hampshire: http://pubpages.unh.edu/~mas2 Family Research Laboratory, Univ of New Hampshire
Straus, M. A., Gelles, R. J., & Steinmetz, S. K. (1980). Behind closed doors: Violence in the American family. NY, New York: Doubleday/Anchor.
Sugihara, Y., Warner, J. A. 2002. "Dominance and Domestic Abuse Among Mexican Americans: Gender Differences in the Etiology of Violence in Intimate Relationships." Journal of Family Violence 17:315-339.