COMPANY ACCOUNTING IN AUSTRALIA – 5 th edition Ken Leo & John Hoggett - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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COMPANY ACCOUNTING IN AUSTRALIA – 5 th edition Ken Leo & John Hoggett

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  1. COMPANY ACCOUNTING IN AUSTRALIA – 5th editionKen Leo & John Hoggett • CHAPTER 12 • REVALUATION AND IMPAIRMENT OF NON-CURRENT ASSETS

  2. Learning objectives • To understand principles of AASB 1041 • To prepare journal entries – revaluation increments & decrements • To account for depreciation subsequent to revaluation • To apply the disclosure requirements:AASB 1041 • To be able to account for the recoverable amount test

  3. Revaluation & Recoverable amount • AASB 1041 • allows companies to revalue non-current assets to their fair values • AASB 1010 • states that assets cannot be valued at greater than their recoverable amount

  4. AASB 1041 • Applies to non-current assets • Does not include Inventories which have to be valued @ the lower of cost or market value.

  5. AASB 1041 – measurement choices 2 choices cost basis or fair value basis FV = current market price by class of assets

  6. Net revaluation increment- example An entity acquires land for $75 000. Asset is revalued to $100 000. Tax rate is 30% Land Dr 25 000 Asset Reval’n Reserve Cr 25 000 Asset Reval’n Reserve Dr 7 500 Deferred Tax Liability Cr 7 500 NB for increment the ARR must be the after tax adjustment

  7. Revaluation Increment– depreciable assets Entity has depreciable asset at carrying amount of $100 000 – cost $120 000, accumulated depreciation $20 000. Revalue to $110 000. Tax base is $100 000. Accum. Depreciation 20 000 Asset 20 000 Asset 10 000 ARR 10 000 ARR 3 000 Deferrd Tax Liability 3 000

  8. Net revaluation decrement Recognise as expense in P&L Asset carried at $100 000, cost $120 000. Revalued to $90 000. Accum. Depreciation 20 000 Asset 20 000 Expense 10 000 Asset 10 000

  9. Revaluation decrement – tax-effect No tax-effect entry necessary - not adjusted via other equity account - tax-effect worksheet will adjust for difference between tax base and carrying amount

  10. Net decrement reverses  prior revaluation increment Firstly adjust against existing Revaluation Reserve – consider tax-effect Asset has carrying amount of $50, previously revalued upwards by $10, now revalued down to $35. Asset Reval’n Reserve 7 Deferred Tax Liability 3 Asset 10 Expense 5 Asset 5

  11. Revaluation increment reverses prior decrement  Asset carried at $100, accumulated depreciation of $20, revalued to $130. Previously revalued downwards by $10. Accum. Depn 20 Asset 20 Asset 10 Revenue 10 Asset 20 ARR 14 Deferred Tax Liability 6

  12. Depreciation of revalued assets  Both AASB 1041 and AASB 1021 require the calculation of depreciation as a process of allocation. At 1/7/02, asset revalued to $100. Useful life is 5 years.. Depreciation is $20 However company will need to look at the Fair Value @ end of the year may need to revalue again.

  13. Disclosure requirements –where assets at fair value  AASB 1041, paragraph 9: • Method used to determine fair values • Statement re independent valuation • If index of replacement costs used • Balance of revaluation reserve

  14. Disclosure requirements  AASB 1041, paragraph 4.1: Whether cost or fair value is used, show for each class of assets a reconciliation of carrying amount at beginning and end of period, showing: • Additions • Disposals • Acquisitions via acquiring other entities • net revaluation increment • recoverable amount write-downs • reversals of recoverable amount write-downs • depreciation expense • other movements • -

  15. Disclosure requirements  AASB 1018 Net credit or debit to asset revaluation reserve Net increment/decrement for each class of non-current assets AASB 1040 Total reserves For each reserve: • description of nature and purpose • amount at beginning of period • nature and amount of each increase/decrease • amount as at reporting date

  16. The cost method  • Asset recorded at cost of acquisition • Depreciated as per AASB 1021 • Recoverable amount test applied

  17. AASB 1010  AASB 1010 “Recoverable Amount of Non-Current Assets”, issued 1999 Does NOT apply to: • assets measured at fair value or net market value • inventories • not-for-profit entities

  18. The recoverable amount test Compare carrying amounts of assets with recoverable amounts Recoverable amount is the net amount expected to be recovered through cash inflows/outflows arising from continued use and subsequent disposal

  19. The recoverable amount test  If recoverable amount < carrying amount - write down the asset - recognise an expense - write-back accumulated depreciation

  20. The recoverable amount test  An asset is carried at $12 000 - cost of $20 000 and accumulated depreciation of $8000. Recoverable amount estimated to be $10 000. Accum. Depreciation Dr 8 000 Asset Cr 8 000 Expense Dr 2 000 Asset Cr 2 000 Depreciation now based on $10000

  21. Disclosures - AASB 1010  • For assets written down in the current period, for each class of assets: - carrying amount - amount of write-down - assumptions made in determining recoverable amount • Assets measured at recoverable amount, less depreciation • Whether cash flows have been discounted in determining recoverable amount

  22. Impairment test  • ED 99 “Impairment of Assets”, issued December 1999. <<Since Withdrawn>> • Expect impairment standard to replace AASB 1010 Recoverable amount in the future

  23. Tutorial Questions • Exercise 12.1 • Exercise 12.2 • Exercise 12.3