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17 November 2010 Unmanned Maritime Systems Overview. Presented to: The Maritime Alliance Conference Presented by: CAPT Duane Ashton, Unmanned Maritime Systems, PMS 406 Program Manager (202) 781-1393

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17 november 2010 unmanned maritime systems overview

17 November 2010Unmanned Maritime Systems Overview

Presented to: The Maritime Alliance Conference

Presented by: CAPT Duane Ashton,

Unmanned Maritime Systems, PMS 406

Program Manager

(202) 781-1393


  • Portfolio
  • Unmanned Undersea Vehicles
  • Unmanned Surface Vehicles
  • Unmanned Vehicle Challenges
  • Summary
unmanned maritime systems portfolio
Unmanned Maritime SystemsPortfolio


Seafox USV










Large Diameter UUV


UISS Increment 2

Acquire, deliver, and maintain operationally effective Unmanned Maritime Systems (UMS) as fully functional and integrated systems for the war fighter, and to direct UMS experimentation and technology maturation to develop future UMS capability

smcm uuv uoes increment 1
SMCM UUV UOES Increment 1

UOES employed from Mine Counter Measures Ships (MCMs) and crafts of opportunity

2 -- Man Portable Class REMUS (Hydroid) UUVs

1 -- Lightweight Class Bluefin UUV

Operated by NOMWC

Used to tactics, techniques, and procedures development

Both systems: Marine Sonics side scan sonar

UOES Objectives:

Mitigate Surface MCM UUV program risk

Training, Tactics and Procedures (TTP) development

smcm uuv uoes increment 2
SMCM UUV UOES Increment 2

Synthetic Aperture Sonar – dual frequency

Range 100M

HF provides high resolution (1”X1”) imagery

Low frequency band provides limited buried mine detection capability

4X higher area search rate than Increment 1

Environmental data collection

Technical challenges

Vehicle Reliability

Sonar Post-Mission Analysis Software

Delivery to Naval Oceanographic Mine Warfare Command (NOMWC) planned FY11

2 User Operational Evaluation systems

2 vehicles and support equipment

Employed from MCM-1 Class and craft of opportunity

smcm uuv acquisition
SMCM UUV Acquisition

Low Frequency Broadband Synthetic Aperture Sonar

Detect and identify buried mines in a high clutter environment

Leverages Office of Naval Research (ONR) and Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) technology development

System consists of

2 Heavyweight UUVs per system

Launch and Recovery Device

Vehicle Maintenance Cradle

Base Pallet

Support Equipment and Spares

Vehicles operate autonomously per a pre-programmed mission plan

Iridium SATCOM link monitors system position/health and can abort/retask missions

Deploy from Littoral Combat Ship (LCS)

Milestone B planned for 1QFY11

ONR/NRL vehicle shown

large diameter uuv challenges
Power and Energy:

Capable of greater than 60 days Endurance


System Endurance and reliability beyond 3 months

Biofouling Resistant and novel camouflaging techniques

Integration of payloads with a vehicle

Covert and reliable Communications with high data rate transfer (Acoustic, RF, Laser)

Low power, high density, affordable Data storage


Extended Fully Autonomous operations

Within a GPS/Comms denied environment

With no operator control or re-tasking

With Dynamic environmental effects

Contact avoidance with high traffic density

Low signature fishing/high speed vessels/crafts Trawlers

High End Threats

Network/Data Exfiltration


Mission planning

Automated mission plans and re-tasking based on environment, mission objectives, system performance (optimal and degraded), and system health



Fault tolerance & recovery

Threat detection/Sense & avoid

Anti-tamper capability/techniques into UUV subsystems

Information Assurance for UUV Payloads and C2 systems

Weapons/deployable payloads

Large Diameter UUV Challenges
unmanned influence sweep system uiss overview
Unmanned Influence Sweep System (UISS) Overview

Host Ship Software


Multi-Operator Control Unit,

Core System Controller.

Payload Control Interfaces,

Video, Mission Planning

Multi-Vehicle Communication System,

VRC-99 (Future RT/1499) Radio,

Iridium Radio (Back-up), Antennas

Support Equipment

Support Module, Spares,

Tools, Handling Equipment,

Slings, Cradle

Launch & Recovery

Remote Operational Pack,

LCS Interfaces

Comms Range

8 to 12 NM

MCM Unmanned Surface

Vehicle (USV)

USV Command

& Control (C2)

Unmanned Surface Sweep System (US3)

NSWC CCD Design,

built for LCS Compatibility

Boat Control System

Acoustic and Magnetic Influence Sweep

Acoustically/magnetically sweep underwater mines using an LCS deployed unmanned watercraft which follows preplanned routes


unmanned influence sweep system status
Unmanned Influence Sweep System Status

Capability Description

  • The UISS is comprised of the Unmanned Surface Sweep System (US3) payload installed on board a MCM USV. The integrated USV/US3 will be deployed from LCS or Ships of Opportunity.
  • The UISS provides the LCS with a stand-off, long endurance, semi-autonomous minesweeping capability to counter acoustic and/or magnetic influence mine threats in the littoral environment.
  • Program transitioned from ONR FY07
  • Establishing Acquisition Program Baseline
  • Analysis of Alternatives completed – Capabilities Development Document under development
  • Technology Readiness Assessment completed & Approved
  • Completed E2E Phase III testing for the LCS MCM Mission Package

UISS Supporting LCS MCM MP Testing

uiss hardware overview
UISS Hardware Overview
  • Magnetic Sweep Cable (stowed)
  • Coaxial Configuration
  • Low-Corrosion Electrodes
  • High-Temperature Insulation
  • Power Supply Subsystem
  • Microturbine Generator
  • NiMH High Voltage Battery
  • Electronics Arch/ Navigation Sensors
  • Radar
  • Video Cameras
  • Microphone
  • Signal Horn
  • Hailer
  • Electronics Room
  • Primary & Backup Mission Computers
  • Remote Sweep Computer
  • Video servers and recorders
  • Comms system
  • Deploy & Retrieve Mechanism
  • Cable Tension Powered
  • Fairlead
  • Electric Winch
  • Winch Motor Controllers
  • Multi-Speed Level-Wind
  • MK 104 Acoustic Generator (stowed)
  • Single Throat
  • Upgraded Float
  • Payload Bay
  • Attachment points
  • Ventilation/Exhaust
  • Engine Room
  • Twin 540 HP Cummins QSC8.3L Diesel engines
  • Automated fire suppression system

Steering Room

mine countermeasure mcm usv
Mine Countermeasure (MCM) USV


Protected from environment

4,000 lbs + Fuel = Interface Requirement


2,500 lbs tow force @ 25 knots in Sea State 2

  • Craft Characteristics
    • Aluminum Construction
    • Twin 540 HP Cummins QSC8.3L engines
    • Twin 27” Diameter Propellers
    • 40’ L x 11.5’ W x 10.2’ H (Arch Retracted)
    • 22,600 lb Full Load
  • Endurance
    • 5.5 hr total mission time
    • 2.5 hr sweep
    • 2 hr transit
    • 1 hour loiter


modular unmanned surface craft littoral muscl
Modular Unmanned Surface Craft Littoral (MUSCL)

MUSCL is a man-portable USV with Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR) capabilities for the Riverine environment

Developed by Naval Surface Warfare Centers Panama City and Combatant Craft Division

Deployed from Riverine Patrol Boat (RPB) or Riverine Assault Boat (RAB)

Status: Design concepts and payload are defined. Preliminary Design Review conducted August 2010

Concept Design

Operator Control Station

MUSCL employed from RPB

harborwing autonomous usv
Harborwing Autonomous USV

Built by Harborwing (Hawaii)

Tri-hull, high performance composite platform fitted with a hard wing airfoil sail and hydrofoils - environmentally friendly

Mission areas: Designed for long-range, long duration open ocean missions to provide low-cost, real-time situational awareness and response to Commanders

Status: Fabricated prototype and conducted Sea Trials


Built by Northwind Marine (Seattle, WA)

2 (Mk1) and 6 (Mk2) SEAFOX USVs delivered to Fleet User Operational Evaluation System (UOES) Commands

Mission areas supported:

Riverine Operations

Maritime Expeditionary Support Forces (MESF)


METOC Expeditionary Support

Mayport ATG

Status: UOES completed end of FY09; Craft transferred to NECC Norfolk (2), ATG Mayport (1), NOOC Stennis (1), NEO Dahlgren (1), NPS Monterey (1)



anti submarine warfare asw usv
Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) USV

Craft Characteristics

Length: 36 ft

Beam: 11.2 ft

Full load displacement: 23,049 lbs

Payload: 5000 lbs

Engines: Twin diesels, Water Jets (440 mhp each)

Towing: 1,600 lb/20 kt

  • Provides non-persistent, long range, semi-autonomous ASW detection capability
    • Low Frequency Bi-static
    • Mid Frequency Mono Static
  • Integrated with ASW Mission Payloads
    • USV Towed Array System (UTAS)
    • Multi-static Off-board Source (MSOBS)
    • USV Dipping Sonar (UDS)
  • 2 USVs delivered for LCS ASW MP 1
unmanned vehicle challenges
Unmanned Vehicle Challenges


Common Control/Architectures

Modular Open Systems

Vehicle and Payload Interfaces

Reliable Launch and Recovery


High Capacity Energy Sources

Navigation, Guidance, Control


Obstacle/Collision Avoidance

Cooperative Behavior

Robust Communications

Sensor and Sensor Processing

Computer Aided Detection/ Classification

usv inherent characteristics
USV Inherent Characteristics
  • Displacement Platforms
  • Large Payloads
  • Long Endurance
  • Air Breathing Propulsion
  • Long Range
  • Long Endurance
  • High Speed
  • RF Comms
  • Real-time connectivity
  • Moderately Stealthy
  • Low-Cost / Technical Complexity

USVs have unique attributes for many missions


Source: ACTUV Brief, Rob McHenry, AUVSI Program Review 2010, data based on an analysis of published UxS characteristics circa 2000


Fleet experience with UxVs is growing

Acquisition program plans are progressing

Technology challenges remain

Areas to explore for cooperation

Autonomy, payloads, cable design

Project Agreement, Foreign Comparative Testing, Joint-Development