slide1 l.
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
U.S. Submarine Force Way Ahead

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 25

U.S. Submarine Force Way Ahead - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 506 Views
  • Uploaded on

U.S. Submarine Force Way Ahead. Submarine Force Situational Awareness. Reduced DoD budget Little or no growth in shipbuilding account Diverging trends Increasing requirements and responsibilities Diminishing resources Seamless leadership focus required Embark on a unifying effort.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'U.S. Submarine Force Way Ahead' - osgood


Download Now An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
submarine force situational awareness
Submarine Force Situational Awareness
  • Reduced DoD budget
  • Little or no growth in shipbuilding account
  • Diverging trends
    • Increasing requirements and responsibilities
    • Diminishing resources
  • Seamless leadership focus required
  • Embark on a unifying effort
integrated undersea warfare
Integrated Undersea Warfare
  • Submarines are asymmetric weapons
  • Stealth is a force multiplier
  • ASW is hard and getting harder
    • Submarines are the optimum ASW platform
  • Anti-Access/Area Denial must be defeated
    • Submarine's unique access increasingly valuable to the Joint Force
  • Adapt/leverage new payloads and sensors
why submarines in wwii
Why Submarines in WWII
  • Requisites:
  • A National imperative
    • - World War II
  • Inadequacy of other platforms
    • - Battle Force – Much of the Pacific Fleet is “Out of Action”
  • Value added by distinctive submarine characteristics
    • - Stealth, speed, endurance, and the right weapon
  • Ability to step up to critical new roles
    • - From “Fleet Scouts” to Anti-Surface Ship Warfare “Hunter-Killers”
  • R&D contributions with mission-enabling capabilities
    • - Continuous welds, Sonar, Radar, Mark 14 Torpedo Issues
  • A strategy built around the submarine
    • – “Strangulation of Japan” → Capital Ships, Merchants, Tankers

Submarines (1.6% of the Navy) Sunk 54.6%

of all Japanese Ships Sunk During the War

why submarines in the cold war

1940

1950

1960

1970

Why Submarines in the Cold War
  • Requisites:
  • A National imperative
    • - Cold War – Contain Communism
  • Inadequacy of other platforms
    • - ISR, Deterrence
  • Value added by distinctive submarine characteristics
    • - Stealth, speed, endurance
  • Ability to step up to critical new roles
    • - From “Hunter-Killers” to “ISR, Strategic ASW and Strategic Deterrence”
  • R&D contributions with mission-enabling capabilities
    • - Nuclear Power, Acoustic Quieting, Sonar, Ballistic Missiles, MK-48 torpedo
  • A strategy built around the submarine
    • – “Control the Seas – Resupply Europe”

1947

1942

1955

1965

First Controlled Nuclear

Chain Reaction

“Underway on

Nuclear Power"

First Fleet Ballistic

Missile

41 For Freedom

Construction Complete

why submarines now and in the future
Why Submarines Now and in the Future
  • Requisites:
  • A National imperative
    • Rise of Global challenges to U.S. Supremacy
    • Counter A2/AD Peer, IW, Regional Conflict, Sea Control, Piracy…
  • Inadequacy of other platforms
    • - Only submarines have assured access in A2AD environments
  • Value added by distinctive submarine characteristics
    • - Stealth, speed, endurance, modular payloads, COTs electronics
  • Ability to step up to critical new roles
    • Strike, SOF Support, SEAD, Information Operations
    • Prompt Strike
  • R&D contributions with mission-enabling capabilities
    • Photonics Mast, Unmanned Systems Integration, Ship Automation
    • Unmanned systems integration (UAVs, UUVs, DNS)
  • A strategy built around the submarine
    • Sea Control / Sea Denial / Assured Access
    • Air/Sea Battle

Emerging Concepts Requiring Additional Development

platforms
Platforms
  • The U.S. Submarine Force consists of:
    • 42 Los Angeles class attack submarines (SSN)
    • 3 Seawolfclass attack submarines
    • 9 Virginia class attack submarines
    • 4 Ohio class Guided Missile Submarines (SSGN)
    • 14 Ohio class Ballistic Missile Submarines (SSBN)
ssn force
SSN Force
  • Current Requirements (2005 Assessment)
    • 10 SSNs providing Forward Presence (FP)
    • Able to surge 35 SSNs: includes war plan support
    • Need 48 SSNs to surge 35 and keep 10 for FP
    • Fewer ships - greater risk
  • Current Allocation
    • SSNs assigned missions only they can perform
    • Mission categories: critical, high priority, priority, routine
    • CJCS allocation of 10 just meets critical missions
  • Future Outlook
    • A2/AD
    • Prompt Strike
ssgn force

15Months

Transit

Turnover/ Maintenance

Transit

Homeport Maintenance

SOF Cert

Turnover/ Maintenance

Turnover/ Maintenance

10 ½ Months Theater Presence

70% Operational Availability

SSGN Force
  • 4 Ships each capable of carrying:
    • 154 TLAM (105 typical loadout)
    • 2 Dry Deck Shelters
    • 66 SOF for > 60 Days
  • 2-3 ships always in theater

Bangor WA

Kings Bay GA

Guam

Diego Garcia

SSGN Mission:

High Volume Precision Strike & High Volume SOF Support

Able to Perform Many Other SSN Missions

ssbn force
SSBN Force
  • 14 OHIO class SSBNs
  • 100% of survivable warheads
  • 54% of operational warheads
    • 70% under NEW START
  • 19% of strategic budget
  • 3900 SSBN patrols since 1960
  • TRIDENT(D-5) on OHIO 2042
  • Survivable Leg of TRIAD
  • Significant hedge capability

135 Consecutive Successes

1000 Ohio class SSBN Patrols

virginia class ssn program
VirginiaClass SSN Program
  • Current Plan: 30 Ship Class
    • Block I: 1998 - 4 ships
      • All delivered
    • Block II: 2003 - 6 ships
      • 4 delivered, 2 under construction
    • Block III: 2008 - 8 ships
      • 2 ships per year in 2011
  • Acquisition Program
    • $93B (TY) Procurement Program
    • APB assumes 30 hulls
virginia class improvement focus
Virginia Class Improvement Focus

15,000

12,500

10,000

7,500

5,000

2,500

0

"… the cost of them has got to come down ... it's got to be about $2 billion a ship.”

ADM Michael G. Mullen

Sept 2005

>40% Labor

>40% Labor

Reduction

Reduction

  • Cost Reduction Strategy
  • Perform on the Backlog
  • Design For Affordability
  • Acquisition Strategy

# of Recurring Manhours xK

Unit Cost

Unit Cost

Reduced by

Reduced by

4.9M Hours

4.9M Hours

To Date

To Date

SSN803

Unit 1

Unit 7

Unit 30

block iii bow redesign
Block III Bow Redesign

SSGN MAC

Benefits

  • Parts Reduction – 50K reduced to 29K
  • Pumps and Valves Further Reduced
  • Hull Penetrations – 136 reduced to 64
  • Life of Ship Components added to the design
  • Concept to Reality in 18 Months
  • $800M Total Program Acquisition Savings

First Bow Payload Tubes

2010 nuclear posture review
2010 Nuclear Posture Review
  • Retained the TRIAD and implies future retention
  • SSBN most survivable leg of TRIAD
  • No viable near- or mid-term threat to U.S. SSBNs
  • Requires continuous at-sea presence in both oceans
  • Keeps 14 SSBNs in the near-term
  • Expect to maintain 20 operational tubes per SSBN by 2015
ohio class replacement program
OHIO class Replacement Program
  • Milestone A Achieved on 10 Jan 2011
  • Initiated Technology Development Phase
  • Target Average ship cost (2-12) = 4.9B (FY10$)
  • Target Average ship annual O&S = 110M (FY10$)
  • Common Missile Compartment
  • Electric Drive Propulsion
  • 16 Missile Tubes
  • Maximize commonality with VCS
submarine industrial base
Submarine Industrial Base
  • Situation
    • Two private construction yards
      • Electric Boat
      • Newport News Shipbuilding
  • Issues
    • Shrinking supplier base
    • 75% (by $) sole-source suppliers
    • 75% of suppliers are small businesses
    • Need 2500 designers to sustain a submarine design capability
undersea payload capacity
Undersea Payload Capacity

250

Payload Capacity Will Decline, As The

Value of Undersea Delivery Increases

200

150

Payload Volume (ft^3)

SSGN

Thousands

100

* Assumes 30 Ship Virginia Class @ 2/year Starting 2011

50

VIRGINIA*

688

0

2009

2014

2019

2024

2029

2034

2039

2044

2049

2054

2059

66% Reduction in Payload Capacity From 2024-2030

New Ship Options Are Unaffordable

Flat Fish Study 1999

DARPA Future Sub Study 2003

Towed Payload Module Study 1998

Multi-Mission Module Study 2002

New SSGN 20XX

Towed Payload Module

Virginia Hull Plugs

slide18

48

48

Plan of Record

OHIO Replacement SSBN

(12)

(34)

New SSN

(27)

III

Fiscal

Constraints

1

1

II

IV

V

(18)

(37)

(27)

(10)

Shortfall of

SSNs

2

2

46

39

SSNs

Uninterrupted

Strategic

Deterrence

3

3

SSBNs

Sufficient

Payload

Volume

4

4

SSGNs

submarine force campaign design
Submarine Force Campaign Design
  • Force wholeness and integrity
    • Maintenance/modernization/training Ao
  • Operations and warfighting today
    • Safe/secure/effective operations
  • Operations and warfighting tomorrow
    • Force structure/payload volume/payloads
integrated undersea strategy
Integrated Undersea Strategy

Issues

Actions

OHIO Replacement Performance and Schedule

Keep OHIO Replacement top priority

SSN Force Structure Shortfall

Add two lowest cost SSNs with best impact

Undersea Payload Volume after SSGN Retirement

Add VIRGINIA payload module to 20 SSNs

Undersea Payload Capability Gaps

Evolutionary payload enhancements with high return

ssn force procurement changes
SSN Force Procurement Changes

Add 2 Cost-Efficient Hulls

Delay New SSN Start

virginia payload module
Virginia Payload Module
  • 40 Tomahawk / TACMS
  • 8-12 Prompt strike weapons
  • Battle management center
  • Inboard SOF storage
  • Targeting Block V ships
vpm restores payload capacity
VPM Restores Payload Capacity

1400

1272 Launchers

1200

Block VII

1000

SSGNs

Block VI

Total # of Launchers

Stretch SSN Capacity

800

(4 VPM)

Block V

600

400

SSNs (2 Large Bow Tubes)

SSNs(12 Vertical Launch Tubes)

200

SSN

Torpedo Tubes

0

Fiscal Year

VPM added to Blocks V, VI and VII restores most of the payload capacity and distributes it across more hulls

modular flexible payload plan
Modular, Flexible Payload Plan

Advance Dry-Deck Shelter

Swimmer Delivery Vehicles

Combat Rubber Raiding Rafts

Large Unmanned Undersea Vehicles

2 Large Bow Payload Tubes

12 Missile Stows

Virginia Payload Module (per tube)

3 Prompt Strike Weapons or;

7 Cruise Missiles or;

7 Torpedoes or;

14 Miniature Air Launched Decoys or:

1 Large UUV

Reconfigurable Torpedo Room

24 Torpedoes or;

21” Unmanned Systems or;

Distributed Networked Systems or;

Decoys

Special Operations Force Berthing

summary
Summary
  • Challenges are clear - plan is in place
  • Submarine Force leadership is focused and unified
  • VCS program is DoD role model
  • ORP execution is key