Chapter 3 and 4 Test review - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Chapter 3 and 4 Test review

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  1. Chapter 3 and 4 Test review

  2. Reserved powers— • powers left to the states (10th amend) (establish schools)

  3. Expressed powers- • listed in the constitution for the national government (declare war)

  4. Concurrent power- • power shared by both national and state government (tax)

  5. Inherent power- • MUST be held by national government (regulate immigration, acquire territory)

  6. Denied powers- • not allowed by any level of government (Titles of nobility- no kings and queens)

  7. “Supreme law of the land”- • US Constitution and all Federal Laws

  8. Extradition- • criminals are returned to the state in which the crime was committed

  9. Formal Amendments- • 2/3 Congress proposed-- ¾ State legislatures approves ( most used method) • Changes actual wording of Constitution

  10. Total # of amendments- • 27 • 1st 10 are the bill of rights

  11. Judicial review- • power of the Supreme court • established by Marbury v. Madison • allows Court to declare acts unconstitutional

  12. Bill of Rights- • 1st 10 amendments • added to constitution after ratification • protections of individual liberties

  13. Informal Changes to the constitution • changes the interpretation not the wording • 1. Court decisions- rulings by court affects interpretation of laws • 2. Basic Legislation- laws passed by Congress either add or subtract power from the the Constitution

  14. Informal Changes to the constitution • 3. Executive actions- orders given by the president that have the same weight as law • 4. Custom- Things done forever that are not mentioned in the constitution ( cabinet) • 5. Party Practices- the actions of political parties ( nominations)

  15. Writ of Mandamus- • Forces a public official to carry out their duty • Declared unconstitutional in Marbury v. Madison

  16. Amendments- • 13th-Prohibits slavery • 16th- Allowed income tax • 19th- Women vote • 21st- ended prohibition • 26th- 18 yr. olds vote

  17. Checks and balances- • President Appoints/ Senate approves • Judicial branch check- declare actions unconstitutional • President veto power- overruled by 2/3 vote of Congress • Impeachment power- held by Congress

  18. Federalism- • Federal, State, Both, Neither • Coining money- Federal • Making someone a king- neither • Changing zip codes- Federal • Approving a treaty- Federal • Requirements for high school graduation- state

  19. Federalism- • Borrowing money- both • Taxing citizens- both