Draft 2.1 Researched Argument
Introduction • Prepares reader for rest of paper • Don’t provide details – save those for body pgphs. • Instead, provide overview of paper’s purpose
General Statement Intro Today smoking is an issue which is on everybody’s mind. The whole country is divided on this issue. Some people believe that smoking should be banned everywhere while others are not so harsh. However, I believe that tobacco should be outlawed because smoking endangers everyone’s health, pollutes the environment, and drains us of valuable energy. Topic introduced Lead in to thesis Thesis sentence
Question Intro What do you think about banning smoking? The whole country is divided on whether smoking should be banned. I firmly believe that smoking should be outlawed because it endangers everyone’s health; it pollutes the environment, and it drains us of valuable energy. Topic introduced Lead-in to thesis Thesis sentence
Quotation Intro In The Monitor it was recently stated that smoking is the greatest threat to our health. The whole country is divided on this issue. I believe that tobacco should be outlawed because it endangers everyone’s health; it pollutes the environment, and it drains of valuable resources. Topic introduced Lead-in to thesis Thesis sentence
Intro - overview • Be concise and to the point! • Do not go into too much detail! • At least 50 words minimum! • You must do three things • introduce topic • state position • provide reasons
Body Paragraphs • Have a minimum of 3 body pgphs • Write a clear topic sentence for each pgph • Identify single aspect of your thesis (main argument) to explore per paragraph • Make sure the TS directly relates to the thesis
Body Paragraphs, cont. • Content of the paragraphs • Serve to support that pgph’s topic sentence • Sentence should flow logically • Include secondary research (your sources) • Use correct MLA style • Address counterarguments • Transition smoothly from one paragraph to the next • Use your own words to transition, never quotes
Conclusions • Are directly related to the focus of your essay. • NEVER include new info in a conclision • Are direct, straightforward, and clearly relate to the content of your essay. • Are written last, after all the writing and editing of intro/body pgphs has been done. • Do NOT announce their purpose or reference previous paragraphs • Ex: “In conclusion…” “In closing…” “In the previous paragraphs…” • Do NOT obviously restate the thesis or rehash the points made in the essay
Conclusion - types • Predictwhat will happen based on the info in the body paragraphs. • Commenton the information in the body paragraphs. • Recommenda course of action based on the information in the body paragraphs. • Reemphasizeyour thesis statement. This type of conclusion should be reserved for longer essays of persuasive papers in which it is important to remind your reader of the main idea of the essay. You should not, however, simply restate your thesis statement. Instead, you should rephrase your thesis so that your reader is reminded of the paper’s main idea.
Thesis: State the thesis of your research paper. (complete sentence) • I. Body paragraph I/topic sentence: State the topic sentence for each paragraph. • A. Evidence/examples: List examples that you will use reinforce your • topic sentence. (complete sentence) • 1. Supporting information. (complete sentence) • a. Explanation of support • b. Explanation of support • 2. Supporting information. (complete sentence) • a. Explanation of support • b. Explanation of support • B. Evidence/examples (complete sentence) • 1. Supporting information. (complete sentence) • a. Explanation of support • b. Explanation of support • 2. Supporting information. (complete sentence) • a. Explanation of support • b. Explanation of support
Let’s Outline! • Identify your key argument. Draft a working thesis based on it. • Identify three major supporting arguments. Draft topic sentences for at least three separate paragraphs. • Identify at least three direct quotes or paraphrases (preferably from different sources) that will support each topic sentence. • Develop each paragraph, one at a time, providing key arguments to support your discussion.