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Supporting People with Disabilities During Emergencies. Texas State Guard Texas Medical Rangers August 2008. Supporting People with Disabilities During Emergencies. Objectives Introduction and Basic Laws Re: People with Disabilities ADA Emergency Preparedness Guide
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Texas State Guard
Texas Medical Rangers
Introduction – Statistics
Aged 5 - 17 : 6.7%
Aged 18 - 64: 11.9%
Aged 65 +: 47.7%
-Percentage of working-age people with disabilities working full-time/full-year in 2005: 25.8%
-Median labor earnings of working-age people with disabilities who worked full-time/full-year in 2005: $28,000
Source: Census-ACS 2005
-Person with a Visual Impairment/ who is blind, deaf-blind
-Person with a Mobility Impairment/ who uses a wheelchair
-Person with a Hearing Impairment/ who is deaf, hearing-impaired
Basic Laws Re: People with Disabilities
The primary Federal non-discrimination legislation related to individuals with disabilities includes:
• Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended
• Americans with Disabilities Act(ADA) of 1990
• Fair Housing Act of 1968, as amended
• Architectural Barriers Act of 1968
• Communications Act of 1934, as amended
• Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) of 1975, as amended
Key concepts applicable under Federal law
1. Self-Determination– People with disabilities are the most knowledgeable about their own needs.
− Whenever choices are available, people with disabilities have the right to choose their shelter location, what type of services they require, and who will provide them.
2. No “One Size Fits All”– People with disabilities do not all require the same assistance and do not all have the same needs.
3. Equal Opportunity– People with disabilities should have the same opportunities to benefit from emergency programs, services, and activities as people without disabilities.
4. Inclusion – People with disabilities have the right to participate in and receive the benefits of emergency programs, services, and activities provided by governments, private businesses, and nonprofit organizations.
5. Integration – Emergency programs, services, and activities typically should be provided in an integrated setting.
6. Physical Access– Emergency programs, services, and activities should be provided at locations that all people can access, including people with disabilities.
7. Equal Access– People with disabilities should be able to access and benefit from emergency programs, services, and activities equal to the general population.
8. Effective Communication– People with disabilities should be given information comparable in content and detail to that given to the general public, as well as accessible, understandable, and timely.
9. Program Modifications– People with disabilities should have equal access to emergency programs and services, which may entail modifications to rules, policies, practices, and procedures.
10. No Charge– People with disabilities may not be charged to cover the costs of measures necessary to ensure equal access and nondiscriminatory treatment.
ADA Emergency Preparedness Guide
Supporting Individuals who Use Powered-technology
Resources & Links
Take Home Points