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Ch 5 Note Cards . Immigration & Urbanization. 1. New Immigrants . •People who immigrated to the US beginning in the 1870s. •Typically from S. and E. Europe, were typically unskilled, poor, Catholic or Jewish, and likely to settle in cities. 2. Ellis Island.

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ch 5 note cards

Ch 5 Note Cards

Immigration & Urbanization

1 new immigrants
1. New Immigrants
  • •People who immigrated to the US beginning in the 1870s.
  • •Typically from S. and E. Europe, were typically unskilled, poor, Catholic or Jewish, and likely to settle in cities.
2 ellis island
2. Ellis Island
  • A small island in New York Harbor that served as the processing center for immigrants arriving on the east coast after 1892.
3 angel island
3. Angel Island
  • Processing center for immigrants arriving to the west coast of the US after 1910.
4 nativism
4. Nativism
  • A preference for native-born people and a desire to limit immigration.
5 chinese exclusion act
5. Chinese Exclusion Act
  • 1882-This law barred Chinese immigration for 10 years and prevented the Chinese already in the country from becoming citizens.
  • Renewed in 1892, and made permanent in 1902 it was not repealed until 1943.
6 gentleman s agreement
6. Gentleman’s Agreement
  • Agreement made between Teddy Roosevelt and Japan. Agreed to end segregation of Japanese immigrants in American schools if Japan would limit the emigration of its citizens to the United States.
7 urbanization
7. Urbanization
  • Rise in the number of people living in cities at the turn of the century.
8 tenements
8. Tenements
  • Multiple family dwellings of four to six stories housing dozens of families that squeeze in as many families as possible and became the most common form of housing for poor city dwellers by the 1860’s.
9 gilded age
9. Gilded Age
  • The name of the period 1877-1900 that suggested that amazing achievements of the time were like a thin gold layer that covered many unresolved social problems or having a rotten core covered with gold paint.
  • Coined by Mark Twain.
10 mark twain
10. Mark Twain
  • An American author and humorists who emerged in the late 1800’s as one of the first authentically American novelists whose work contained Western themes of adventure and individualism.
11 consumerism
11. Consumerism
  • People want and buy many new products that they don’t need.
  • Result of more people working for wages.
12 mass culture
12. Mass Culture
  • Americans all across the country become more and more alike in their consumption patterns.
  • Result of better communication and transportation.