Caregivers ARE Quality in Long Term Care. Christine T. Kovner, R.N., Ph.D. Division of Nursing, Steinhardt School of Education, NYU April 30, 2003. Total Nurse Staffing Hours per Resident per Day, 2001. Certified nurse aides (CNA)- 2.1 hours
Christine T. Kovner, R.N., Ph.D.
Division of Nursing, Steinhardt School of Education, NYU
April 30, 2003
Harrington from CMS OSCAR data
Harrington from CMS OSCAR data
Bliesmer et al., 1998; Harrington et al., 2000; Moseley & Jones, 2003
(Stark report, 2001); (DHHS Report to Congress: Appropriateness of Minimum Nursing Staffing Ratios in Nursing Homes, 12- 1 (Spring 2000).
Kovner, Menezes, & Feldman, 2003; MEPS data from AHRQ
Many believe minimum training for nursing assistants should be increased:
Harrington, C., Kovner, C., et al. (2000). Experts recommend minimum nurse staffing standards for nursing facilities in the U.S. The Gerontologist 40, 5-16.
Kovner, C.T., Mezey, M., & Harrington, C. (2002).
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Kovner, C.T., Menezes, J. & Feldman, P. (2003). Paper in progress.
Harrington, C., Kovner, C., Mezey, M., Kayser-Jones, J., Berger, S., Muhler, M., Reilly, K., Burice, R., Zimmerman, D. (2000). Experts recommend minimum nurse staffing standards for nursing facilities in the U.S. The Gerontologist 40, 5-16.
Kovner, C.T., Mezey, M., & Harrington, C. (2002). Who cares for older adults? Workforce implications of an aging Society. Health Affairs 21(5), 78-89.
Bliesmer, M. M., Smayling, M. , Kane, R. & Shannon, I. (1998) The relationship between nursing staffing levels and nursing home outcomes. Journal of Aging and Health, 10(3), 351-371.
Harrington, C. Zimmerman, D., Karon, S. L., Robinson, J. & Beutel, P. (2000). Nursing home staffing and its relationship to deficiencies. Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences, 55B(5), S278-S287.
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Kayser-Jones, J. & Schell, E. (1997). The effect of staffing on the quality of care at mealtime. Nursing Outlook, 45(2), 64-72.
Harrington, C., Carrillo, H., Thollaug, S., & Summers, P. (1999)Nursing facilties, staffing, residents, and facility deficiencies 1991-1997. (Report prepared for the Health Care Financing Administration. San Francisco: University of California.