The Roman Empire. Period of Peace and Prosperity (27 B.C. to 180 A.D) Empire was size of U.S.A. with 70-90 mil people Augustus implemented this time of peace by returning to old values: simplicity, sober conduct, patriotism. The Pax Romana.
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Empire was size of U.S.A. with 70-90 mil people
Augustus implemented this time of peace by returning to old values: simplicity, sober conduct, patriotismThe PaxRomana
Used a common currency (the denarius), making trade easier throughout different part of the empire
Removed tariffs between provinces making trade more successful
Built roads: one of the most important and lasting aspects of Rome
Also discovered & engineered aqueducts to cities, making them more inviting for trade centersTrade during time of augustus
Gave most work of running the city to Plebeians and Slaves
These were salaried positions needed to keep the empire running and strong: road repair, postal work, grain supply, etc.
These jobs prevented slaves from revoltingCivil service
Wealthy threw large parties with so many courses of food they built a vomitorium in their home
Poor lived in awful, rat-infested, conditions
Empire provided food and housing for those in need, howeverDrastic difference for rich and poor
Greco-roman gods no longer believed in but were symbolic of loyalty to the empire
Religious toleration as long as respected tradition of the gods and held emperor acclaimed as a god
BIG problem for monotheists: Jews and ChristiansReligion in the empire
Romans were fairly tolerant of Jews allowing freedom of religion and excused from worshipping emperor
Jews still opposed Roman rule and Zealots rebelled in 66 A.D.
Romans defeated rebellion and ended Jewish state for 2,000 (but religion endured)Jews in the empire
Then many emperors persecuted Christians upon fall of the PaxRomana
Emperors wanted to be gods
Christians could recant their belief or maintain their beliefs and be tortured and killed
This showed weakness of Empire (think satire)
By 200 A.D., about 10% of Empire was ChristianChristian persecution