What were Kissinger’s views on World War I and its Outcome? . Erin Wright, Anisha Zaman, & Zach Pinz. Council of Vienna . Congress of Vienna.
Erin Wright, Anisha Zaman, & Zach Pinz
Council of Vienna Outcome?
The British expected money/reparations from the Germans because they felt that the Germans were to blame for the war.
The French wanted safety from the Germans because they were afraid that they would seek revenge. They expected everyone to decrease the power of the German people.
Germany was just hoping for the follow through of the 14 Points but were quickly disappointed.
America is focused on international war/peace protection because they believed that men are peaceful and that democracy can bring international order
Italy wanted land in the Balkans—went against self-determination
America did want to defend Treaty of Versailles by making military commitments or alliances, instead relying on public opinion, had no choice but to make alliance with France.
British were forced to rely on America as an Ally, proposed League of Nations, giving up Balance of Power.
President Wilson of the United States of America
David Lloyd George of Great Britain
France did not get full protection from Germany; only occupation of Rhineland and alliance with America and Britain in future wars, punishment for Germany was not considered harsh enough
Italy did not receive the expected provinces.
Germany forced to pay reparations, give up land, and go through disarmament . They were given no say in the treaty.
Prime Minister Georges Benjamin Clemenceau of France
Vittorio Orlando of Italy
Unlike the Congress of Vienna, in which all nations involved were directly affected by the proposed solution, the Fourteen Points were proposed by the United States, a nation not directly affected by its own propositions. The European nations present at the Paris Peace Conference could not agree to the settlement because none of them could gain everything that they claimed at the end of the war in accordance to the Fourteen Points. European nations directly affected by the war, who had ideas based on the idea of man's essential selfishness and the need to discourage war, were not able to agree with the United States, which had ideas based on the idea that man is good and democracy will allow an international peace.