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Good Reading is Like Good Driving. . . . pay attention to what’s coming up!. Pay Attention to Road Signs. Six Types of Writing Patterns. Ask: Which pattern did the author use to organize the main idea and supporting details ? . Six Types of Writing Patterns.

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Good Reading is Like Good Driving

. . . pay attention to what’s coming up!

© 2009-2010 Martha J. Bianco, Ph.D., and McGraw-Hill Higher Education


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Pay Attention to Road Signs

© 2009-2010 Martha J. Bianco, Ph.D., and McGraw-Hill Higher Education


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Six Types of Writing Patterns

Ask:Which pattern did the author use to organize the main idea and supporting details?

© 2009-2010 Martha J. Bianco, Ph.D., and McGraw-Hill Higher Education


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Six Types of Writing Patterns

© 2009-2010 Martha J. Bianco, Ph.D., and McGraw-Hill Higher Education


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Listing / Classification / Division Pattern

According to University of Arizona psychologist Roger J. Daldrup, the unhealthy expression of anger can be divided into two main types: misdirection and suppression.

© 2009-2010 Martha J. Bianco, Ph.D., and McGraw-Hill Higher Education


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Listing or Classification Verb Cues

© 2009-2010 Martha J. Bianco, Ph.D., and McGraw-Hill Higher Education


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Listing or ClassificationWord or Style Cues

© 2009-2010 Martha J. Bianco, Ph.D., and McGraw-Hill Higher Education


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Listing or ClassificationPunctuation Cues

According to University of Arizona psychologist Roger J. Daldrup, the unhealthy expression of anger can be divided into two main types:misdirection and suppression.

According to University of Arizona psychologist Roger J. Daldrup, the unhealthy expression of anger can be divided into two main types– misdirection and suppression.

© 2009-2010 Martha J. Bianco, Ph.D., and McGraw-Hill Higher Education


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Listing or Classification Pattern

Stop & Annotatep. 398 & 399

© 2009-2010 Martha J. Bianco, Ph.D., and McGraw-Hill Higher Education


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Sequence / Time Order /

Process / Series Pattern

The body reacts to anger with immediate physical changes. First, blood rushes to the face. Next, respiration speeds up. The digestive process slows down and muscles tense up. At this point, the angrier we become, the stronger we feel.

© 2009-2010 Martha J. Bianco, Ph.D., and McGraw-Hill Higher Education


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Sequence / Time Order /

Process / Series Cues

© 2009-2010 Martha J. Bianco, Ph.D., and McGraw-Hill Higher Education


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Sequence / Time Order /

Process / Series Pattern

The body reacts to anger with immediate physical changes. First, blood rushes to the face. Next, respiration speeds up. The digestive process slows down and muscles tense up. At this point, the angrier we become, the stronger we feel.

© 2009-2010 Martha J. Bianco, Ph.D., and McGraw-Hill Higher Education


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Listing or Classification Pattern

Stop & Annotate

p. 401, 402, 403

© 2009-2010 Martha J. Bianco, Ph.D., and McGraw-Hill Higher Education


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Definition (with Example) Pattern

The terms anger and hostility are often used interchangeably to describe a set of negative emotions, but they are not the same. Anger has been defined as a temporary emotion that may or may not be accompanied by outward expression. Hostility, on the other hand, is described as an attitude rather than a temporary emotion. The concept of anger usually refers to an emotional state.

© 2009-2010 Martha J. Bianco, Ph.D., and McGraw-Hill Higher Education


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Definition (with Example) Verb Cues

© 2009-2010 Martha J. Bianco, Ph.D., and McGraw-Hill Higher Education


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Definition (with Example)Word or Style Cues

© 2009-2010 Martha J. Bianco, Ph.D., and McGraw-Hill Higher Education


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Definition (with Example) Pattern

The terms anger and hostility are often used interchangeably to describe a set of negative emotions, but they are not the same. Anger has been defined as a temporary emotion that may or may not be accompanied by outward expression. Hostility, on the other hand, is described as an attitude rather than a temporary emotion. The concept of anger usually refers to an emotional state.

© 2009-2010 Martha J. Bianco, Ph.D., and McGraw-Hill Higher Education


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Definition (with Example) Pattern

Anorexia nervosa, or an eating disorder that can lead to starvation, occurs most often in teenage girls.

Anorexia nervosa (an eating disorder that can lead to starvation) occurs most often in teenage girls.

Anorexia nervosa – an eating disorder that can lead to starvation – occurs most often in teenage girls.

© 2009-2010 Martha J. Bianco, Ph.D., and McGraw-Hill Higher Education


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Definition (with Example) Pattern

An illness affecting primarily teenage girls is anorexia nervosa: an eating disorder that can lead to starvation.

An illness affecting primarily teenage girls is anorexia nervosa, that is, an eating disorder that can lead to starvation.

An illness affecting primarily teenage girls is anorexia nervosa, i.e., an eating disorder that can lead to starvation.

© 2009-2010 Martha J. Bianco, Ph.D., and McGraw-Hill Higher Education


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Definition (with Example) Pattern

Several types of eating disorder affect primarily teenage girls, for example, anorexia nervosa and bulimia.

Several types of eating disorder affect primarily teenage girls, for instance, anorexia nervosa and bulimia

Several types of eating disorder affect primarily teenage girls, e.g., anorexia nervosa and bulimia

© 2009-2010 Martha J. Bianco, Ph.D., and McGraw-Hill Higher Education


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Definition (with Example) Pattern

Stop & Annotate

p. 404-405

© 2009-2010 Martha J. Bianco, Ph.D., and McGraw-Hill Higher Education


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Compare-and-Contrast(Similarities and Differences) Pattern

© 2009-2010 Martha J. Bianco, Ph.D., and McGraw-Hill Higher Education


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Compare-and-Contrast (Similarities and Differences) Pattern

There are many curious parallels in the deaths of Presidents Lincoln and Kennedy. Both were assassinated on a Friday; both were deeply involved in civil rights for blacks; and both presidents were succeeded by vice presidents named Johnson who were southern Democrats and former senators.

On the other hand, there are significant differences between the two. Whereas Lincoln was born poor, Kennedy was born to a wealthy family. Lincoln was president during the Civil War. In contrast, Kennedy served during the Cold War.

© 2009-2010 Martha J. Bianco, Ph.D., and McGraw-Hill Higher Education


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Comparison / Similarities Word Cues

© 2009-2010 Martha J. Bianco, Ph.D., and McGraw-Hill Higher Education


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Contrast / Differences Word Cues

© 2009-2010 Martha J. Bianco, Ph.D., and McGraw-Hill Higher Education


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Compare-and-Contrast (Similarities and Differences) Pattern

There are many curious parallels in the deaths of Presidents Lincoln and Kennedy. Both were assassinated on a Friday; both were deeply involved in civil rights for blacks; and both presidents were succeeded by vice presidents named Johnson who were southern Democrats and former senators.

On the other hand, there are significant differences between the two. Whereas Lincoln was born poor, Kennedy was born to a wealthy family. Lincoln was president during the Civil War. In contrast, Kennedy served during the Cold War.

© 2009-2010 Martha J. Bianco, Ph.D., and McGraw-Hill Higher Education


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Definition (with Example) Pattern

Stop & Annotate

p. 406

© 2009-2010 Martha J. Bianco, Ph.D., and McGraw-Hill Higher Education


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Cause-and-Effect Pattern

© 2009-2010 Martha J. Bianco, Ph.D., and McGraw-Hill Higher Education


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Cause-and-Effect Pattern

The most common cause of anger is physical or psychological restraint – being held back from something we intensely want. Sometimes emotions such as distress, sorrow, or fear can lead to anger.

The most recent research shows that the effects of anger are diverse. Consider the wide range of physiological reactions that go with it: muscle tension, scowling, clenching of fists, flushing. One of the major physiological effects of anger is the release of adrenaline and nonadrenaline; prolonged release can result in high blood pressure and headache. The effects of cancer can be as serious as cancer and heart disease.

© 2009-2010 Martha J. Bianco, Ph.D., and McGraw-Hill Higher Education


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Cause-and-Effect Word Cues

© 2009-2010 Martha J. Bianco, Ph.D., and McGraw-Hill Higher Education


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Cause-and-Effect Pattern

The most common cause of anger is physical or psychological restraint – being held back from something we intensely want. Sometimes emotions such as distress, sorrow, or fear can lead to anger.

The most recent research shows that the effects of anger are diverse. Consider the wide range of physiological reactions that go with it: muscle tension, scowling, clenching of fists, flushing. One of the major physiological effects of anger is the release of adrenaline and nonadrenaline; prolonged release can result in high blood pressure and headache. The effects of cancer can be as serious as cancer and heart disease.

© 2009-2010 Martha J. Bianco, Ph.D., and McGraw-Hill Higher Education


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Cause-and-Effect Pattern

Stop & Annotate

p. 408-410

© 2009-2010 Martha J. Bianco, Ph.D., and McGraw-Hill Higher Education


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Spatial / Place Order Pattern

Stop & Annotate

p. 411

© 2009-2010 Martha J. Bianco, Ph.D., and McGraw-Hill Higher Education