American Government. The Judiciary. Debate: Bush v. Gore. Supreme Court decides 5-4 to ‘stop the recounts’ ordered by Florida Supreme Court – essentially declaring Bush the victor. Questions: Was this judicial activism? What role did politics play?. The Judicial Branch.
Federal courts are important in U.S. due to two factors:
Courts are powerful for several reasons
"For two decades of economic and social development, people have organized intimate relationships and made choices that define their views of themselves and their places in society, in reliance on the availability of abortion in the event that contraception should fail.... [Whatever the premises of opposition may be, only the most convincing justification under accepted standards of precedent could suffice to demonstrate that a later decision overruling the first was anything but a surrender to political pressure, and an unjustified repudiation of the principle on which the Court staked its authority in the first instance. So to overrule under fire in the absence of the most compelling reason to reexamine a watershed decision would subvert the Court's legitimacy beyond any serious question."
Bush v. Gore (2000)
END THE COUNTING (5-4)
YES YES YES YES YES NO NO NO NO
EQUAL PROTECTION (7-2)
YES YES YES YES YES YES YES NO NO
ARTICLE 2 (3-6)
YES YES YES NO NO NO NO NO NO
SECOND PERIOD - Civil War to New Deal