Types of production
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Types of Production. From live multi-camera to single-camera film style. Multi-camera Live and Live-to-tape. Multi-camera - more than one camera 2-30) Live - telecast/transmitted live, as in right now, as it’s happening (tape delay included) Examples?

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Types of production

Types of Production

From live multi-camera to single-camera film style


Multi camera live and live to tape
Multi-camera Liveand Live-to-tape

  • Multi-camera - more than one camera 2-30)

  • Live - telecast/transmitted live, as in right now, as it’s happening (tape delay included)

  • Examples?

  • Live-to-tape - event/performance occurring live but not broadcast live, recorded to tape instead (concert, interview show)

  • Examples?


Multi camera live and live to tape1
Multi-camera Liveand Live-to-tape

  • "switched" (edited) as the show progresses

  • studio or field

  • more economical (generally)

  • compromise aesthetics to account for multiple camera angles


Multi camera live and live to tape2
Multi-camera Liveand Live-to-tape

  • Requires a video switcher

  • Crew must work together, director ‘calls the shots’

  • 2-30 cameras at once


Multi camera live and live to tape3
Multi-camera Liveand Live-to-tape

  • Main personnel:

  • Director - calls shot changes, graphics, controls production

  • Technical director - executes director’s commands

  • Assistant director - assists in setting up shots, keeping operation smooth, times segments


Multi camera live and live to tape4
Multi-camera Liveand Live-to-tape

  • Main personnel:

  • Character generator operator - CG

  • Audio director/engineer

  • Floor director - manages studio floor

  • Camera operators


Single camera film style
Single Camera (film style)

  • shot in field, edited in "post"

  • news, drama, documentary, narrative

  • more expensive & time consuming

  • more artistic control

  • Examples?


Single camera film style1
Single Camera (film style)

  • Some Key Personnel

  • Depends on type of production - news, documentary, narrative

  • Director - overall creative control

  • Producer - role varies

    • News magazine story - primary researcher and story coordinator

    • Documentary - manager and coordinator of production, travel, crew

    • Narrative - less involvement w/creative side


Single camera film style2
Single Camera (film style)

  • Some Key Personnel

  • Field Producer

  • Talent

  • Reporter/correspondent (news)

  • Camera Operator/DP


Multi camera multi vtr
Multi-camera/multi-VTR

  • More than one camera, all recorded independently, then combined in post-production

  • Some interviews

  • Some dramatic/comedy shows/films


Production media film
Production media - Film

  • 8, 16, 35 mm film

  • Chemical/physical process;   expose,  develop,  transfer to digital

  • Film choice: grain, contrast, low light, resolution

  • Generally more expensive, higher quality


Production media film1
Production media - Film

  • Always edited in post: developed/printed, transferred to digital files, edited on computer then transferred back to film

  • Better contrast ratio (light vs. dark areas in frame)

  • Aesthetically "past" -  tends to have 'historic' look even if shot last week


Production media video broadcast quality vs home
Production Media: Video"broadcast quality" vs. home

  • Formats

  • Broadcast quality

    - HD, Beta, BetaSP, DigiBeta, MII, DVCPro, DVC Cam

  • Lower broadcast quality / "Prosumer" 

    - mini DV, HD, SVHS*, Hi8*, 3-chip

  • Consumer grade

    - VHS*, 8mm*, VHS-C*, 1-chip DV

  • *On the verge of extinction


Production media video
Production media: Video

  • Electronic vs. chemical

  • Light "transduced" into electrical signal, digital code

  • 3-chip vs. 1-chip

  • Contrast ratio, resolution problems relative to film

  • Immediate production, immediacy


Production media video1
Production media: Video

  • Less expensive (in general)

  • Perceived lower quality (in general)

  • Aesthetically "present" -  tends to have a 'present' look even if shot years ago

  • 24 frame emulation - gives video a “filmic” look (relatively new development)

  • Smaller and smaller high quality cameras


Production media video2
Production media: Video

  • High definition emerging as a standard for acquisition (cameras)

  • Amazing resolution, color, clarity

  • More cable systems offering HD, more broadcast stations

  • HD cams from $3000 and up (not that expensive)

  • But UNCW still can’t afford it! ;^)


Production media summary
Production Media - Summary

  • UNCW Student Productions use miniDV

  • Field video cams include:

    • Canon XL2 (1)

    • Panasonic DVX 100 (3)

    • Canon XL1 (1)

    • Canon GL1 (2)

  • Studio is capable of recording in miniDV or DVC PRO (DVC PRO is higher quality and standard for local stations)


Production media summary1
Production Media - Summary

  • HD production is much more affordable than before but cost still prohibitive - cameras, media storage space, monitors, etc…