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VOCABULARY UNIT ONE. ADAGE. (n.) a proverb, wise saying. One way to begin an informal speech or an oral report is to quote an old ADAGE. Antonyms. Synonyms maxim, saw, aphorism. BONANZA. (n.) a rich mass of ore in a mine;

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VOCABULARY UNIT ONE


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    1. VOCABULARY UNIT ONE

    2. ADAGE (n.) a proverb, wise saying

    3. One way to begin an informal speech or an oral report is to quote an old ADAGE. Antonyms Synonyms maxim, saw, aphorism

    4. BONANZA (n.) a rich mass of ore in a mine; something very valuable, profitable or rewarding; a source of wealth or prosperity; a very large amount; sudden profit or gain

    5. The thrilling adventure movie set in Alaska proved to be a box-office BONANZA. Antonyms Synonyms windfall

    6. CHURLISH (adj.) lacking politeness or good manners; lacking sensitivity; difficult to work with or deal with; rude

    7. The store manager instructed all the salesclerks to avoid CHURLISH replies to customers’ questions. Antonyms courteous, civil, well-mannered Synonyms surly, ill-tempered

    8. CITADEL (n.) a fortress that overlooks and protects a city; any strong or commanding place

    9. A medieval CITADEL once guarded the capital city of the Greek island of Rhodes. Antonyms Synonyms fort, stronghold, bulwark, bastion

    10. COLLABORATE (v.) To work with; work together

    11. Several students plan to COLLABORATE on a geology project for the annual science fair. Antonyms work alone Synonyms team up, join forces

    12. DECREE (n.) an order having the force of law (v.) to issue such an order; to command firmly or forcefully

    13. Why does nature always seem to DECREE nasty weather for our annual family picnic. Antonyms Synonyms proclamation, edict proclaim

    14. DISCORDANT (adj.) disagreeable in sound, jarring; lacking in harmony; conflicting

    15. Their little spat struck a DISCORDANT note in our otherwise happy family get-together. Antonyms harmonious, in agreement Synonyms grating, shrill, different, divergent

    16. EVOLVE (v.) to develop gradually; to rise to a higher level

    17. Authors hope that their notes, descriptions, and character sketches will EVOLVE into a book. Antonyms wither, shrivel up, atrophy Synonyms unfold, emerge

    18. EXCERPT (n.) a passage taken from a book, article (v.) to take such a passage; to quote

    19. My essay includes a long EXCERPT from a speech by Sojourner Truth. Antonyms Synonyms portion, section, extract

    20. GROPE (v.) to feel around hesitantly with the hands; to search blindly and uncertainly

    21. When the power failed, we had to GROPE in the dark to find a working flashlight. Antonyms Synonyms fumble for, cast about for

    22. HOVER (v.) to float or hang suspended over; to move back and forth uncertainly over or around

    23. A large group of vultures HOVERED in the air above the wounded animal. Antonyms soar Synonyms linger, waver, seesaw

    24. JOSTLE (v.) To make or force one’s way by pushing or elbowing; to bump, shove; brush against; to compete for

    25. I tried not to JOSTLE other riders as I exited the crowded bus. Antonyms Synonyms push

    26. LAGGARD (n.) a person who moves slowly or falls behind (adj.) falling behind; slow to move, act, or respond

    27. Tour guides often have to urge LAGGARDS to keep up with the rest of the group. Antonyms early bird, swift, speedy, prompt Synonyms slowpoke, straggler, sluggish

    28. PLAUDITS (n. pl.) applause; enthusiastic praise or approval

    29. The skaters who won the gold medals gratefully accepted the PLAUDITS of their fans. Antonyms boos, disapproval, ridicule Synonyms cheers, acclaim

    30. PRECLUDE (v.) to make impossible, prevent, shut out

    31. Three wrong answers will PRECLUDE any contestant from entering the quiz show’s final round. Antonyms help, promote, facilitate Synonyms hinder, check, stop

    32. REVERT (v.) to return, go back

    33. Control of a property usually REVERTS to the legal owner when a lease is up. Antonyms progress, advance Synonyms relapse, regress

    34. RUBBLE (n.) broken stones or bricks; ruins

    35. Bulldozers and wrecking balls soon reduced the damaged building to a heap of smoking RUBBLE. Antonyms Synonyms wreckage, debris

    36. SERVILE (adj.) Of or relating to a slave; behaving like or suitable for a slave or servant; menial; lacking spirit or independence, submissive

    37. Most serious performers prefer constructive criticism to SERVILE flattery. Antonyms masterly, overbearing Synonyms slavish, groveling, fawning

    38. VIGIL (n.) a watch, especially at night; any period of watchful attention

    39. Thousands attended the solemn VIGIL at the Vietnam Veterans Memorial. Antonyms Synonyms

    40. WRANGLE (v.) to quarrel or argue in a noisy, angry way; to obtain by argument; to herd (n.) a noisy quarrel

    41. My brother and sister always WRANGLE over whose turn it is to take out the trash. Antonyms agree, concur Synonyms squabble, bicker