Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author. While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
Do Now • Read Carl’s Case and answer the first three questions: • What is the ethical question? • What are the relevant facts? • Who or what are affected by how the question is resolved?
Moral Dilemma In Europe, a woman was near death from a special kind of cancer. There was one drug that the doctors thought might save her. It was a form of radium that a druggist in the same town had recently discovered. the drug was expensive to make, but the druggist was charging ten times what the drug cost him to make. He paid $400 for the radium and charged $4,000 for a small dose of the drug. The sick woman's husband, Heinz, went to everyone he knew to borrow the money and tried every legal means, but he could only get together about $2,000, which is half of what it cost. He told the druggist that his wife was dying, and asked him to sell it cheaper or let him pay later. But the druggist said, "No, I discovered the drug and I'm going to make money from if." So, having tried every legal means, Heinz gets desperate and considers breaking into the man's store to steal the drug for his wife.
Quadrants Activity A: Respect B: Harms and Benefits C: Fairness D: Authenticity (Being Authentic) For your letter, write down the word at the top of your quadrant. For four minutes, working silently/independently, write down examples of what these considerations could look like or what the opposite could look like.
Four Examples Respect: When you show respect to someone, what do you do? What are examples of disrespectful actions? Harms and Benefits: What are examples of harm? What are examples of benefits? Can you think of actions or policies that minimize harm? What are some examples of actions or policies that maximize benefits? Fairness: What are some examples of fair actions or policies? Can you think of examples of unfair actions or policies? Authenticity: What is it about a performance that we value? What makes a sports performance “authentic”? What might make it “inauthentic”?
Rotate For each quadrant you will have 3 minutes to work silently. After completing all quadrants, you will discuss as a group. Put checkmarks near the comments or ideas that are STRONG examples, and discuss WHY They are strong examples. You will be asked to share at least one example, so be prepared!
Defining Terms Come up with terms to define what it means for the four terms! Respect for persons Harms and benefits Fairness Authenticity
Carl’s Case • Respect for Persons: • Should society respect a person’s choice to use enhancement technology even when doing so will negatively affect the person’s health? • Harms and Benefits: • Are enhancements harmful or beneficial to individuals who use them? • Are enhancements harmful or beneficial to society when individuals use them?
Carl’s Case • Fairness • Is it fair for an individual to use an enhancement? • Does fairness require that everyone in society have equal access to enhancements? • Authenticity • Does using enhancements in sports performance violate what people most value about sports?
Groups- Assign Come up with arguments either FOR or AGAINST Carl taking the steroids for your specific assigned category. Pick one person to record the answers in the appropriate quadrant on your paper.
Variations What if Carl has surgery for an arm injury and that surgical change later enables him to throw a ball with more force? What if, instead of steroids, Carl uses a supplement sold over the counter that is not illegal? OR has no known negative side effects? What if there is no way to test for the presence of the drug, and he could take it without anyone finding out? What if all the other players on the team are taking the steroid, and Carl’s coach is asking him to do it for the good of the team?