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The Renaissance Area The impact of new ideas and institutions on European life. Home. Art Work. Important Events. There were 4 major advancement in human civilization that happened during the 1200 - 1600. Those four grate advancement in human civilization were:

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The Renaissance Area

The impact of new ideas and institutions on European life

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Important Events

There were 4 major advancement in human civilization that happened during the 1200 - 1600. Those four grate advancement in human civilization were:

They each had a great cause an effect that helped modern day human civilization advance as it has. If it weren't for these four great advancements the world not be the way it is today. There would probably monarchs all over the world still and no democracy. There also would be a plethora of non-educated poor, which would still be called surfs.

The 4 great advancements have and always will leave a mark on our population. The 4 great advancements might not have happened without the influential people who started them wanting better life and rights. Those great achievements started with The Magna Carta and ended with a great improvement in our society. The renaissance was a time of humanism. The Printing press started a restart of education. Finally the Reformation stated that the church shouldn't lie to the peasants to make them work harder for a lord. These are and always will be 4 great advancements during the 1200 - 1600.

the manga carta
The MangaCarta

The Magna Carta was a document that limited the power of kings in Britain. The reason the Magna Cartawas so important was because it equiredKing John of England to proclaim certain rights (pertaining to freemen), respect certain legal procedures, and accept that his will could be bound by the law. It explicitly protected certain rights of the King's subjects, whether free or fettered — and implicitly supported what became the writ of habeas corpus, allowing appeal against unlawful imprisonment.

the renaissance
The Renaissance

The Renaissance was a time of growing knowledge for the poor, the idea of humanism and the idea of free thinking. This happened all through out Europe during 1300 - 1600 AC. The idea of Humanism was that human had the ability to do anything. The outcome was new thought about the religion and life. This is the time of Da Vinci and Michelangelo who showed the beauty of the human body, with this fascination the study of the human anatomy began. Which helped form the scientific discoveries of the body we have today. This was also the restart of manners in the modern world. The renaissance started in Italy.

the printing press
The Printing Press

The Printing Press was probably the greatest invention of this time. This made books cheaper and easier to afford for the poor. This intern caused many poor citizens who couldn't read before to learn how to read. The printing press was invented in Germany by a man named Johann Gutenberg. He invented it in 1440 in Mainz. It was the greatest invention of that period of time because the church couldn't lie about things that were written in the bible. This was the major factor for increase in knowledge. An average printer could print 500 books in the same time as a monk took to make 1.

the reformation
The Reformation

The Reformation was started in 1517 when Martin Luther wrote the Ninety-Five-Theseswhich were against the churches bad practices. One theses Luther strongly disputed their claim that freedom from God's punishment of sin could be purchased with money. Martin Luther taught that salvation is not from good works, but a free gift of God, received only by grace through faith in Jesus as redeemer from sin.He then posted these Ninety-Five-Theseson a castle in Wittenberg. These were then taken and copied and copied until it was spread all over northern Europe. This caused the reformation of the church and a new branch of Christianity to be formed called Protestant, and those who followed Luther’s teaching became know as the Lutherans . During a revolt Martin Luther told the princes of Germany to kill the revolt with no mercy. Feeling betrayed most peasants rejected Luther's teaching after that. This Mainly happened in Germany and other close by countries. The Protestant religion has split many times to form a jumble of beliefs.

famous people
Famous People
  • Johann Gutenberg- created the Printing Press
  • Martin Luther- first to rebel against the church
  • Leonardo Da Vinci- Famous Artist, inventor, and more
  • Michelangelo diLodovicoBuonarrotiSimoni (aka Michelangelo)- Famous Painter
  • Louis XIV - King of France who declared himself divine monarch
  • Marco Polo - renowned explorer
  • Balboa - crossed the Isthmus of Panama and claimed the Pacific for Spain.
  • Botticelli - Painted Birth of Venus and other scenes from classical mythology also noted for his Madonnas
  • Brueghel - Painted lively scenes of village life
  • Boyle - founder of Modern Chemistry
  • Cabral - Claimed Brazil for Portugal
  • Calvin and Calvinism - broke away from the Catholic church, defined his new religion, emphasized predestination. Created a new church in Switzerland
  • Cartier, Jacques - His voyage up the St. Lawrence seaway gave the French claim to eastern Canada
  • Catherine of Aragon - Beloved Queen of England and patron of education
fun facts
Fun Facts
  • Lead cups were used to drink ale or whiskey. The combination would sometimes knock them out for a couple of days. Someone walking along the road would take them for dead and prepare them for burial. They were laid out on the kitchen table for a couple of days and the family would gather around and eat and drink and wait and see if they would wake up. Hence the custom of holding a "wake."
  • England is old and small, and they started running out of places to bury people. So, they would dig up coffins and would take their bones to a house and reuse the grave. In reopening these coffins, one out of 25 coffins were found to have scratch marks on the inside and they realized they had been burying people alive. So they thought they would tie a string on their wrist and lead it through the coffin and up through the ground and tie it to a bell. Someone would have to sit out in the graveyard all night to listen for the bell. Hence on the "graveyard shift" they would know that someone was "saved by the bell" or he was a "dead ringer."
  • Most people got married in June because they took their yearly bath in May and were still smelling pretty good by June. However, they were starting to smell, so brides carried a bouquet of flowers to hide the b.o.
  • Baths equaled a big tub filled with hot water. The man of the house had the privilege of the nice clean water, then all the other sons and men, then the women and finally the children. Last of all the babies. By then the water was so dirty you could actually lose someone in it. Hence the saying "Don't throw the baby out with the bath water."
  • Houses had thatched roofs. Thick straw, piled high, with no wood underneath. It was the only place for animals to get warm, so all the pets... dogs, cats and other small animals, mice, rats, bugs lived in the roof. When it rained it became slippery and sometimes the animals would slip and fall off the roof. Hence the saying, "It's raining cats and dogs."
more fun facts
More Fun Facts
  • There was nothing to stop things from falling into the house. This posed a real problem in the bedroom where bugs and other droppings could really mess up your nice clean bed. So, they found if they made beds with big posts and hung a sheet over the top, it addressed that problem. Hence those beautiful big 4 poster beds with canopies. I wonder if this is where we get the saying "Good night and don't let the bed bugs bite"...
  • The floor was dirt. Only the wealthy had something other than dirt, hence the saying "dirt poor." The wealthy had slate floors which would get slippery in the winter when wet. So they spread thresh on the floor to help keep their footing. As the winter wore on they kept adding more thresh until when you opened the door it would all start slipping outside. A piece of wood was placed at the entry way, hence a "thresh hold."
  • They cooked in the kitchen in a big kettle that always hung over the fire. Every day they lit the fire and added things to the pot. They mostly ate vegetables and didn't get much meat. They would eat the stew for dinner leaving leftovers in the pot to get cold overnight and then start over the next day. Sometimes the stew had food in it that had been in there for a month. Hence the rhyme: peas porridge hot, peas porridge cold, peas porridge in the pot nine days old."
more fun facts1
More Fun Facts
  • Sometimes they could obtain pork and would feel really special when that happened. When company came over, they would bring out some bacon and hang it to show it off. It was a sign of wealth and that a man "could really bring home the bacon." They would cut off a little to share with guests and would all sit around and "chew the fat."
  • Those with money had plates made of pewter. Food with a high acid content caused some of the lead to leach onto the food. This happened most often with tomatoes, so they stopped eating tomatoes...for 400 years.
  • Most people didn't have pewter plates, but had trenchers - a piece of wood with the middle scooped out like a bowl. Trenchers were never washed and a lot of times worms got into the wood. After eating off wormy trenchers, they would get "trench mouth.
  • Bread was divided according to status. Workers got the burnt bottom of the loaf, the family got the middle, and guests got the top, or the "upper crust".
sources
Sources
  • Famous People facts
    • hfttp://www.midrealm.org/mkyouth/links/peopleren.htm
    • http://www.silk-road.com/artl/marcopolo.shtml
  • Pictures
    • Flixr.com
    • Historyteacherheaven.com
  • History
    • Historyteacherheaven.com
    • Wikipedia.com