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The Scientific Revolution. Mr. Mizell. Unit 4 Vocabulary, Copy Down. Revolution – a drastic change in the political and social organization of a country Enlightenment – political movement that supported the power of individuals to solve problems using reason

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unit 4 vocabulary copy down
Unit 4 Vocabulary, Copy Down
  • Revolution – a drastic change in the political and social organization of a country
  • Enlightenment – political movement that supported the power of individuals to solve problems using reason
  • Natural Laws – patterns and explanations of the world discovered through reason.
  • Rationalism - Reason, and not tradition, is the source for all knowledge
  • Philosophy – investigation of the truths and principles of knowledge and being
unit 4 vocabulary copy down1
Unit 4 Vocabulary, Copy Down
  • Tolerance – being fair and objective to differing views or people
  • Rights – guarantees based on moral principles
  • Laissez-faire – governments do not get involved in the economy/businesses; “hands off”
  • Contract – agreement between two or more groups (people and a government)
  • Inalienable – not able to be taken away. Absolute.
unit 4 vocabulary copy down2
Unit 4 Vocabulary, Copy Down
  • Conservative – those who want to preserve traditional power of monarchies
  • Liberal – those who want to give more power to elected officials
  • Constitution – political principles/laws that govern a nation
  • Deism – belief in a Supreme Being that created the world but is indifferent to it
  • Absolutism – belief that all power rests with a monarch who has a divine right to rule by God.
  • Constitutional Monarchy – a monarchy where the ruler’s power is limited by law/constitution
  • Republic – type of government where power is in the hands of representatives elected by the people
historical change
Historical Change
  • Renaissance – Curiosity, Secularism, Realism
  • Reformation – Challenge the way we think about God
  • Age of Exploration – Explored world. Now, time to explore Universe
  • Scientific Revolution – How people view their place in the universe; explore universe/science
old views
Old Views
  • Geocentric Theory - Earth was center of universe, did not move
  • Everything (sun, planets )revolved around it
  • Stars were fixed (did not move)
why believe this
Why Believe this?
  • Greek philosophers said this
    • Held in high esteem
  • Biblically based – Catholic Church says so
what was the scientific revolution
What was the Scientific Revolution?
  • A new way of thinking about the natural world and universe (using rationalism and mathematics)
heliocentric theory
Heliocentric Theory
  • Nicolas Copernicus, astronomer
    • Says Earth and planets revolve around the Sun (in the center) in circles
orbits of planets
Orbits of Planets
  • Johannes Kepler, astronomer
    • Used mathematical formulas to understand planets’ orbits
    • Planets move in ellipses
telescopes gravity
Telescopes & Gravity
  • Galileo
    • Discovered Jupiter’s moons with telescope
    • Gravity - Objects fall at same rate
scientific method
Scientific Method
  • A logical procedure for gathering and testing ideas
    • Not enough to think about something. You need to Experiment
natural laws
Natural Laws
  • Set forth by Isaac Newton
  • Says universe is linked by Natural Laws and gravity
    • Universe works perfectly like a clock
    • God was creator of orderly universe
overall effects of the scientific revolution
Overall effects of the Scientific Revolution
  • “De-spiritualized” the universe
  • Deistic view of God
  • Religion’s power erodes to an extent
directions
Directions
  • Work on Scientific Revolution Document Analysis silently
  • Work or read silently when finished