Entry in the Social Work Profession Chapter 5 Morales
Introduction • Choosing a career can be one of the most important things you decide in your life. This decision will impact many aspects of your life. • Why is it important to know all the dynamics of a career before you choose it? • How can we learn these in respect to SW?
Social Work • It is important to first know 4 things regarding the profession: • It is a large field; with no concrete guidelines. • Great responsibility, flexibility, creativity. • The pressures can be very stressful, with high burnout. • Frequently criticized by the public. • What other things would you like to know?
Issues to Prepare for Social Work Employment • First and foremost in order to be a SW you must have a SW degree. There are other professions with diverse educational backgrounds that offer a lot to the human service profession; however, to be a SW you must have the knowledge learned in the SW program.
Education and Accreditation • SW education in an undergraduate degree with a major in SW program that is accredited by CSWE. • Or a Masters degree from an accredited program by CSWE. • These degree give the basic knowledge and skills to enter into the SW profession. • Some inds will have more knowledge than others based on internships, focus of profession, and past employment ; however, the foundation is the same.
Professional Certification • NASW provides confirmation to clientele for SW. Assuring that SW demonstrate the required knowledge and competence to engage in their practice. This is Professional Certification. • In 1960 the ACSW was designed to oversee these qualification. • Lets look at pg. 82 at jobs and the different certification currently offered on pg. 77.
Licensing or State Regulation of Social Work Practice • Certification was seen as needed; however, SW profession saw a need for licensing by federal government. This identifies those SW who are properly prepared thru professional education and experience to service their clients. • This allows reimbursement by insurance companies. • Each state controls the level and licensing of SW. This give potential for variation from state to state. Pg 78 shows the different lic. exams.
Professional Standards • Professional standards are needed to ensure the public that a profession is always acting in the best interest of their clientele. Also , state licensing ensures this because ind who violate rights can have their licensing revoked. • NASW est. the code of ethics. Inds have a right to file a compliant regarding a SW and it will be brought up with a committee. If founded corrective action will be taken. Thur education,training…
Options of Human Service Practice • Volunteers- their role plays a major function in the human service field. SW work closely with volunteers. Often SW train, educate, supervise volunteers in their practice. SW themselves volunteer their time within the community.
Nonprofessional Service Provider • Indigenous Workers- Inds who may be past clients, and other inds in the community that have similar experience to give to service they are providing. This personal experience often helps them build relationships with the population better than some SW. • Graduates of CC- Inds with AA in related Human Service field. Work as mental health tech, community service aide, case aide. These inds are closely supervision by a profession in the field/ agency.
Other Baccalaureate-level Disciplines • There are many other majors that are offered at universities that are related to the human service field. These should not be confused with SW. • The Social Science fields are closely related to SW and SW has used their knowledge to help better serve the SW populations. • However many of these fields often do not directly work with the community. They are research based professions.
Related Helping Professions • When choosing a profession you should look at all the human service professions and identify the one that best fits your interest, talents, and needs. All these professions have regulating boards, standards to ensure services to their clientele
Emerging Human Service Occupations • In the 1970’s a new occupation emerged called as human service or human developmental occupation. These services are provided by nonprofessionals. Most are professionally trained in other fields. These field emerged in response to dissatisfaction with service delivery system. • 2 views on this: • These fragmented service create confusion and barriers for clients to receive service. SW support this thought. • The other thought is it offers boarder range of services.
Levels of Social Work Practice • Basic Professional- As stated earlier first est. in1952 when 2 associations merged to form • CSWE. • Stricter education constraints were est.. in early 70’s • During the 80’s the number of BSW programs increased. Also, CSWE saw a needed for even more specific curriculum criteria. • As of 2005 there are 466 colleges that offer BSW. The demand is increasing in the human service field and job placement after graduation is high.
Specialized Profession- first MSW program was much earlier than BSW . The First program was in 1898 in New York. Much focus was placed on internship. • In 1940 the 2 year MSW program was developed. Education was placed on the “Basic Eight” public welfare,social casework, social group, community organization, medical information, social research, psychiatry, and social welfare administration. • 2 factors in the 1950 that impacted the MSW • BSW and advance standing. • CSWE curriculum criteria change. • MSW have increased knowledge and skill in their specialized area. However, must work under the supervision of the agency they work.
Independent Professional- Post MSW with minimum of 2 years supervision under dependent professional. Expected to have developed and integrated knowledge, values, skills of SW. Also, should be able to provide leadership in one arenas. • ACSW- provides acknowledgement of this after the 2 year supervision period is completed (QCSW) • NASW has also identified specialized certifications in certain population.
Advanced Professional Expected to have higher level of proficiency in specialized theoretical practice, administration, or policy areas. • Gained Thru MSW or Doctoral in SW. • MSW - person is to completed advance or clinical state license exam and have a minimum 5 years clinical experience, and received satisfactory evaluation by supervisor.