The Inferno. “Abandon all hope ye who enter here!” By Dante Alighieri. Personal Life and Education. Lived from 1265-1321 (A period in Italy known as The Middle Ages, although it overlaps a little with the very, very early onset of The Renaissance, especially in Italy).
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“Abandon all hope ye
who enter here!”
By Dante Alighieri
Supreme work of Medieval Thought.
Gives expression to nearly every major intellectual and moral issue of the Middle Ages, including morality, love, and spiritual salvation. Is there an equivalent in Modern Society???
The narrator’s journey (the narrator is a sinner named Dante) begins on Good Friday and ends on Easter Sunday, therefore The Divine Comedy takes the reader on a journey that symbolically begins in a despairing world not yet redeemed by Christ’s crucifixion (Good Friday) and ends with the narrator’s return as a man who is renewed with hope (on Easter Sunday!)
Each part of The Divine Comedy is composed of…
the Inferno is an Allegory…
Allegories have two meanings – a literal and a symbolic. In an allegory, the characters, setting and plot stand for something beyond their face value.
Allegories discuss one subject by disguising it as another, though the two subjects resemble each other.
THE HORRORS DANTE SEES AND THE PUNISHMENTS THESE SINNERS SUFFER IS A WARNING TO HIM, AND US, THAT HE MUST CHANGE HIS LIFE FOR THE BETTER …
AND SO MUST WE!
3 Primary Sins
Incontinence = Lacking Self Restraint
Fraudulence = Crimes characterized by deceit
VESTIBULE - The Uncommitted
The river Acheron (ferried over by Charon)
The River Styx and the wall of Dis separates these sinners from the ones below. The ones below are considered worse sinners, thus the wall of separation!
6. Heretics – People who preach against orthodox beliefs/religion.
7. Rounds of Violence - Murderers, Suicides and blasphemers (speak unpiously of god)
1. Violence against neighbors
2. Violence against self
3. Violence against God, nature and art
8. The Fraudulent– these folks used deception for unlawful gain or advantage. Dante’s most hated enemies tormented here, including Pope Boniface.
Valley 1 – pimps and seducers
2 – flatterers
3 – simonists – buy and sell positions in the church
4 – soothsayers/fortune tellers
5 – barrators – stir up lawsuits/quarrels
6 – hypocrites
7 - thieves
8 – counselors of fraud in war
9 – counselors of violence
10 - counterfieters
9. Treacherous Fraud–
1. Caina – TRAITORS against relatives
2. Antenora – TRAITORS against party or city
3. Ptolomea –TRAITORS against guests
4. Judecca – TRAITORS against lords and benefactors
(because he betrayed God)
In his mouth, being chewed (feet first)….
BRUTUS AND CASSIUS
– for betraying Caesar
– for betraying Jesus