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Challenges for Successful Implementation of ICT Projects Policy and Regulatory Challenges - Technology Provider’s View - September 14. Developing Nations and Telecoms. Better Telecommunications  Higher GDP Typically 1 Fixed line PTT and 2 Mobile (GSM) Carriers

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Challenges for Successful Implementation of ICT ProjectsPolicy and Regulatory Challenges- Technology Provider’s View - September 14

developing nations and telecoms
Developing Nations and Telecoms
  • Better Telecommunications  Higher GDP
  • Typically 1 Fixed line PTT and 2 Mobile (GSM) Carriers
    • Wireline deployment limited to Metro areas  Long waiting lists
    • Low GSM penetration – typically due to higher costs
    • Duopolistic price setting further limits penetration
  • Regulators Seek to Improve Penetration, and Maximize Existing Assets
    • Additional licenses intended to spur competition  increased penetration
    • Utilization of existing assets drives GSM-specific tenders
    • 3rd, 4th, 5th… Licensees have a very challenging business case:
      • Incumbents have captured high-ARPU subs
      • New licensee(s) forced to target lower-ARPU users
      • If technology specified (say, GSM)  Little room to improve costs
  • Break-Even Monthly ARPUs: GSM - ~$12; CDMA - $7

Need to encourage technology which offers lower costs, and can thereby support lower ARPUs  Increased Penetration

regulatory challenges in improving telecoms
Regulatory Challenges in Improving Telecoms
  • Ensuring Technology Neutrality
  • Responsibility for Efficient Use of Radio Spectrum
  • Promoting Consolidation with Existing Telecoms Infrastructure
  • Defining Fixed Wireless vs. Limited Mobility
  • Enabling Convergence

Role of Regulators – Very Crucial

technology neutrality
Technology Neutrality
  • Spectrum availability dictates technology choice
    • Appropriate spectrum enables innovative/different technology selection
    • Spectrum efficiency and 3G data benefits should be leveraged
    • Economies of scale should be leveraged
  • No Specification of Technology
    • Let the Best Business Case Win
    • Limited Specification of Spectrum Allocation Plans
  • Choice of Technologies Enables Cost-Effective Telecoms Access
efficient use of radio spectrum
Efficient Use of Radio Spectrum
  • Consider Spectral Efficiency Requirements
    • No. of subscribers per 5 MHz
  • Reasonable Licensing Fee
    • License Fees on per MHz Basis in Blocks of 5 or 10 MHz
    • Fees independent of technology
  • Re-Examination of Spectrum Usage
    • Explore Key spectrum blocks (e.g., 800 MHz, 450 MHz) for possible reallocation/sharing based on actual use; e.g. ITU Region-1 – 800 MHz for broadcasting
    • Lower end (450/800 MHz vs. 2000 MHz and higher) for wireless
  • Efficient Spectrum Usage Enables Cost-Effective Telecoms Access
consolidation with existing infrastructure
Consolidation with Existing Infrastructure
  • Require Teaming Between Existing and New Carriers
    • For common use of established network infrastructure
    • Interconnect fee structure to encourage new entrant(s)
    • Require new carriers to have technological solution compatible with incumbents
  • GSM1x - Technology for GSM  CDMA Interoperability
defining fixed vs limited mobility
Defining Fixed vs. Limited Mobility
  • Terminal form factor not important (well maybe a little!)
    • It’s ok to specify terminal form factor (FWT vs. Handheld), however :
      • Mobile handsets cost much less than FWTs and provide better user experience (users will make the FWTs mobile anyway!)
      • Some applications available only on mobile terminals and not FWTs
  • WLL and Handoff are NOT Mutually Exclusive
    • Retaining soft-handoff improves coverage, capacity, quality and data rates
    • Multi-path (signal received from multiple sites) improves voice quality and system capacity
    • Cell breathing is not a concern  more effective network planning and optimization
  • Avoid “Watch-Dog” Role for Regulator

Certain geographical (city or region limit) or numbering plan based restrictions may be considered for WLL/Limited Mobility

convergence licensing
Convergence Licensing
  • Convergence Happening at the Device Level
    • Licensing policy needs to address this
    • Allow Carriers to Offer Fixed (e.g., WLL), Mobile, Data, Broadcast, etc. Services
  • Fixed Limited Mobility Full Mobility Convergence
    • e.g. India’s “Unified License” regime
  • Promote Carriers in Providing Different Tiering of Service Plans
  • Converged licenses Possible at Network Facility, Services, ISP, Content layers

Convergence is Future


Success Story

  • This approach has resulted in the world’s cheapest wireless access and explosive teledensity growth in India

Thank You!

For additional information and questions, please contact:

Sachin Bhatmuley

+1 858 658 1224