Frank Lloyd Wright (1887-1959). Was one of the most noticeable and significant architects of the first half of the 20° century. He spent a great deal of time playing with the kindergarten educational blocks by Friedrich Frobel given by his mother.
Was one of the most noticeable and significant architects of the first half of the 20° century.
Wright talkes about the influence of these exercises on his approach to design.
“Prairie houses” extended low buildings with shallow, sloping roofs, clean sky lines, suppressed chimneys, overhangs and terraces , using unfinished materials.
The houses considered the masterpieces of the late Prairie perid (1907-1909) are the Friederick Robie House and the Avery and Queene Coonley House both in chicago.
Architectural historiance have speculated on why Wright decided to turn his life upside-down. It has been said that he enjoyed living on the edge. He probably felt that he had done everything he could do with the Prairie Style, particulary from the standpoint of the one-family house.
In 1911 he moved to Spring Green, Wisconsin, to the land that was held by his mother’s family, and began to build himself a new home, wich he called Taliesin.
Wright wed Miriam Noel, but her addiction to morphine led to the failure of the marriage in less than one year. In 1924, after the separiation, Wright met Olga Lazovich Hinzenburg. In Minnesota they were accused of violating the Mann Act and arrested.
He proposed the idea in his book “ The Disappearing City”, and unveiled a very large model of this community of the future, showing it in several venues in the following years.
It was also in the 1930s that Wright was designed “Usonian houses”, for middle-class clients. The designs were based on a simple, yet elegant geometry.
His most famous private residence the so- called “Falling-water” was constructed from 1935 to 1939 at Bear Run, Pennsylvania.
Itwasdesignedaccordingto Wright’s desiretoplace the occupantscloseto the naturalsourrandings, with a stream and waterfallruning under parte of the building. The costructionis a seriesofcantileveredbalconies and terraces, usinglimestoneforallverticals and concrete for the horizontals. He sent out free-floatingplatformsaudaciouslyover a smallwaterfall and anchoredthem in the natural rock and the house isthoroughlyfusedwithits site and , inside, the roughstonewalls and the flaggedfloors are ofanelementalruggedness. The house cost $155000 , including the architect’s feeof $8000.
The building rises as a twining beige spiral from its site on Fifth Avenue.
Unfortunately, when the museumwascompleted, a numberofimportantdetailsof Wright’s design wereignored, includinghisdesirefor the interiortobepaintedoff-white. Furthermore, the Museumcurrentlydesignsexhibitstobeviewedbywalking up the curvedwalkway.