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Frank Lloyd Wright (1887-1959). Was one of the most noticeable and significant architects of the first half of the 20° century. He spent a great deal of time playing with the kindergarten educational blocks by Friedrich Frobel given by his mother.

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slide2

Was one of the most noticeable and significant architects of the first half of the 20° century.

  • He spent a great deal of time playing with the kindergarten educational blocks by Friedrich Frobel given by his mother.
slide3

Wright talkes about the influence of these exercises on his approach to design.

  • He had completed around fifty projects by 1901 including many houses in his home-town.
slide4

“Prairie houses” extended low buildings with shallow, sloping roofs, clean sky lines, suppressed chimneys, overhangs and terraces , using unfinished materials.

  • These houses are credited with being the first examples of the “open plan”.
slide5

The houses considered the masterpieces of the late Prairie perid (1907-1909) are the Friederick Robie House and the Avery and Queene Coonley House both in chicago.

european period and personal troubles
EUROPEAN PERIOD AND PERSONAL TROUBLES
  • In 1904, Wright designed a house for a neighbour in Oak Park. Wright’s wife would not grant him a divorce however, and neither would Edwin Cheney to Mamah. In 1909 Wright and Mamah run away to Europe
slide7

Architectural historiance have speculated on why Wright decided to turn his life upside-down. It has been said that he enjoyed living on the edge. He probably felt that he had done everything he could do with the Prairie Style, particulary from the standpoint of the one-family house.

slide9

In 1911 he moved to Spring Green, Wisconsin, to the land that was held by his mother’s family, and began to build himself a new home, wich he called Taliesin.

slide10

Wright wed Miriam Noel, but her addiction to morphine led to the failure of the marriage in less than one year. In 1924, after the separiation, Wright met Olga Lazovich Hinzenburg. In Minnesota they were accused of violating the Mann Act and arrested.

enduring legacy
ENDURING LEGACY
  • Wright is responsible for a series of extremely original concepts of suburban development united under the term “Broad-acre City”.
slide12

He proposed the idea in his book “ The Disappearing City”, and unveiled a very large model of this community of the future, showing it in several venues in the following years.

slide13

It was also in the 1930s that Wright was designed “Usonian houses”, for middle-class clients. The designs were based on a simple, yet elegant geometry.

slide14

His most famous private residence the so- called “Falling-water” was constructed from 1935 to 1939 at Bear Run, Pennsylvania.

slide15

Itwasdesignedaccordingto Wright’s desiretoplace the occupantscloseto the naturalsourrandings, with a stream and waterfallruning under parte of the building. The costructionis a seriesofcantileveredbalconies and terraces, usinglimestoneforallverticals and concrete for the horizontals. He sent out free-floatingplatformsaudaciouslyover a smallwaterfall and anchoredthem in the natural rock and the house isthoroughlyfusedwithits site and , inside, the roughstonewalls and the flaggedfloors are ofanelementalruggedness. The house cost $155000 , including the architect’s feeof $8000.

last period
LAST PERIOD
  • Wright died on April 9, 1959, having designed the Guggenheim Museum in New York City, a building which occupied him for 16 years (1943-1959) and others significant projects.
slide17

The building rises as a twining beige spiral from its site on Fifth Avenue.

  • Its interior is similar to the inside of a seashell. Visitors going up with an elevator and view the collection of non-objective geometric paintings getting down with a central spiral ramp which features a floor embledded with circular shapes and triangural light fixtures.
slide20

Unfortunately, when the museumwascompleted, a numberofimportantdetailsof Wright’s design wereignored, includinghisdesirefor the interiortobepaintedoff-white. Furthermore, the Museumcurrentlydesignsexhibitstobeviewedbywalking up the curvedwalkway.

  • While a numberof Wright’s houses are preservedasmuseumpieces, othersshowedstructuraldeficienciesover the years.
this is a video about the fallingwater house
This is a video about the fallingwater house.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lucKaICHi4g