Welcome to…. Pull the Plutonium Pork – End MOX Monday, June 24, 2013 3:00 PM EDT. Hosted by. Pull the Plutonium Pork – End MOX. Tom Clements Southeastern Nuclear Campaign Coordinator Friends of the Earth 1112 Florence St. Columbia, SC 29201 803-834-3084 [email protected]
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Pull the Plutonium Pork – End MOX
Monday, June 24, 2013
3:00 PM EDT
Pits, metal, oxides, residues, fuel
Disposal of U.S. “surplus” plutonium via mixed oxide fuel (MOX) is - far over budget, with more increases at hand;- is an inefficient jobs program in South Carolina, being protected by Senator Graham;- is the most expensive disposal option;- MOX poses problems with reactor operation, radiation release in case of severe accident and problems with storage of hotter spent MOX fuel- has no clients (commercial nuclear reactors) for MOX fuel;- results in more handling and processing of plutonium;- poses proliferation risks by introducing plutonium into commerce and sends the wrong message internationally about plutonium use;- is linked to the reprocessing of commercial spent fuel and plutonium “breeder” reactors.The MOX program should be terminated before billions more dollars are wasted. Alternatives must be vigorously pursued.
Originally supported the “dual track “approach;
EIS identified no reactors for MOX use;
Review under President George W. Bush terminated “immobilization” in high-level waste;
Supplemental EIS began in July 2010 - looked at MOX use in reactors owned by the Tennessee Valley Authority & some plutonium to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) – final SEIS to be issued in July 2013?
US-Russia “Plutonium Management and Disposition Agreement (PMDA) of 2000, amended 2010 – both sides to dispose of at least 34 metric tons; can be changed by written agreement
SRS's five heavy water production reactors tons of weapons-grade plutoniumproduced 36.1 metric tons of weapon-grade plutoniumHanford – produced 67.4 MT in 9 reactorSRS Reactor Name Start-Up Date Shutdown Date R-Reactor December 1953 June 1964 P-Reactor February 1954 August 1988 K-Reactor October 1954 July 1992 L-Reactor July 1954 June 1988 C-Reactor March 1955 June 1985
H-Canyon Reprocessing Facility tons of weapons-grade plutonium- separated weapons-grade plutonium & sent waste to tanks- a “national asset” for commercial reprocessing R&D?
High-level waste is the immediate threat at SRS, not plutonium: “Radioactive waste stored in SRS tanks poses the single greatest environmental risk in the State of Carolina.”Terrel Spears, Assistant Manager, Waste Disposition Project, DOE Savannah River Operations Office,on January 8, 2008 to National Academy of Sciences Cleanup Technology Roadmap Committee
Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) plutonium: - glassifying HLW, has processed 15% of tank waste in 17 years, 3600 canisters poured (of 7500 total) and in two storage facility, 3rd facility delayed
Duke Energy’s McGuire & Catawba reactors chosen for MOX testing and usein March 1999– Duke dropped out in 2008 after failed MOX test; “ice condenser” reactor model w/ thin domes
“NNSA remains committed to the plutonium disposition mission. However, considering preliminary cost increases and the current budget environment, the Administration is conducting an assessment of alternative plutonium disposition strategies in FY2013, and will identify options for FY2014 and the outyears.”
FY 2104 DOE budget request still no life-cycle cost:- $478 million for plutonium disposition; - $320 million forMOX plant construction, - estimate for MOX plant operation: $543 million/year;- funding drops to $200+ million in FY2015-FY2018
Immobilization by hot isostatic pressing (HIP) “life-cycle” cost figure ever releasedContainer at the left is filled with powdered material. On the right, after 8 to 9 hours, the powder has been turned into 5 liters of solid ceramic.Credit: UK National Nuclear Laboratory
Not here, not now!
Areas of concern
NO to new nuclear missions/waste streams at Savannah River Site
MOX - Plutonium Interim Storage at SRS Reprocessing
Pro-MOX environmental monitoring in Georgia
Anti-MOXWho cares about MOX?
Sen. Lindsay Graham (R-SC)
Sen. Tim Scott (R-SC)
Rep. Jim Clybourn (D-SC)
Rep. Joe Wilson (R-SC)
Rep. Jeff Fortenberry (R-NE)
Rep. Ed Markey (D-MA)
328 other members of the House
Key House and Senate Staff
Fortenberry Amendment (http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2012/roll325.xml)
FY14 Budget Request
Hold on Secretary of Energy nomination
FY14 National Defense Authorization Act
FY14 Energy and Water Appropriations
Stop funding it
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