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Welcome to…. Pull the Plutonium Pork – End MOX Monday, June 24, 2013 3:00 PM EDT. Hosted by. Pull the Plutonium Pork – End MOX. Tom Clements Southeastern Nuclear Campaign Coordinator Friends of the Earth 1112 Florence St. Columbia, SC 29201 803-834-3084 [email protected]

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Welcome to
Welcome to…

Pull the Plutonium Pork – End MOX

Monday, June 24, 2013

3:00 PM EDT

Hosted by

Pull the plutonium pork end mox

Pull the Plutonium Pork – End MOX

Tom ClementsSoutheastern Nuclear Campaign CoordinatorFriends of the Earth1112 Florence St.Columbia, SC [email protected]

The good news 55 metric tons of plutonium has been declared surplus for weapons use
The good news: ~55 metric tons of plutonium has been declared “surplus” for weapons use

Pits, metal, oxides, residues, fuel

  • Pantex – “pit” storage, Texas

  • Rocky Flats: shipped to SRS & WIPP

  • Hanford – Washington: shipped to SRS

  • SRS

  • Los Alamos Lab - New Mexico

  • Lawrence Livermore Lab - California

  • Argonne National Lab - West, Idaho

Disposal of U.S. “surplus” plutonium via mixed oxide fuel (MOX) is - far over budget, with more increases at hand;- is an inefficient jobs program in South Carolina, being protected by Senator Graham;- is the most expensive disposal option;- MOX poses problems with reactor operation, radiation release in case of severe accident and problems with storage of hotter spent MOX fuel- has no clients (commercial nuclear reactors) for MOX fuel;- results in more handling and processing of plutonium;- poses proliferation risks by introducing plutonium into commerce and sends the wrong message internationally about plutonium use;- is linked to the reprocessing of commercial spent fuel and plutonium “breeder” reactors.The MOX program should be terminated before billions more dollars are wasted. Alternatives must be vigorously pursued.

National academy of sciences study on disposition of surplus plutonium 1994
National Academy of Sciences study on disposition of “surplus” plutonium-1994

  • Advocated the “Dual Track” – plutonium fuel (Mixed Oxide - MOX) and immobilization

  • Disposition to meet “Spent Fuel Standard”

  • At all points in disposition to meet “Stored Weapons Standard”

Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) process began in 1996 by DOE’s national Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Originally supported the “dual track “approach;

EIS identified no reactors for MOX use;

Review under President George W. Bush terminated “immobilization” in high-level waste;

Supplemental EIS began in July 2010 - looked at MOX use in reactors owned by the Tennessee Valley Authority & some plutonium to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) – final SEIS to be issued in July 2013?

US-Russia “Plutonium Management and Disposition Agreement (PMDA) of 2000, amended 2010 – both sides to dispose of at least 34 metric tons; can be changed by written agreement

Doe nuclear bomb complex

DOE Nuclear Bomb Complex (PMDA) of 2000,

Savannah River Site (SRS) designated as storage site for “non-pit” plutonium and MOX facility - 310-square miles in size

Srs plutonium puck shipped to rocky flats to make pits

SRS Plutonium “Puck”- tons of weapons-grade plutoniumshipped to Rocky Flats to make “pits”

3013 pu storage cans in k reactor building at srs
3013 Pu storage cans in tons of weapons-grade plutoniumK-Reactor building at SRS

K area materials storage kams facility
K-Area Materials Storage (KAMS) facility tons of weapons-grade plutonium

SRS's five heavy water production reactors tons of weapons-grade plutoniumproduced 36.1 metric tons of weapon-grade plutoniumHanford – produced 67.4 MT in 9 reactorSRS Reactor Name Start-Up Date Shutdown Date R-Reactor December 1953 June 1964 P-Reactor February 1954 August 1988 K-Reactor October 1954 July 1992 L-Reactor July 1954 June 1988 C-Reactor March 1955 June 1985

H-Canyon Reprocessing Facility tons of weapons-grade plutonium- separated weapons-grade plutonium & sent waste to tanks- a “national asset” for commercial reprocessing R&D?


High-Level Waste Tanks “Farms” tons of weapons-grade plutonium- received waste from H- and F-Canyon reprocessing plants, this is plutonium-production by-product waste

High-level waste is the immediate threat at SRS, not plutonium: “Radioactive waste stored in SRS tanks poses the single greatest environmental risk in the State of Carolina.”Terrel Spears, Assistant Manager, Waste Disposition Project, DOE Savannah River Operations Office,on January 8, 2008 to National Academy of Sciences Cleanup Technology Roadmap Committee

Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) plutonium: - glassifying HLW, has processed 15% of tank waste in 17 years, 3600 canisters poured (of 7500 total) and in two storage facility, 3rd facility delayed

Canisters to be filled with vitrified waste glass hlw mix lethal dose in 1 minute

Canisters to be filled with vitrified waste plutonium: glass & HLW mix, lethal dose in 1 minute

Duke Energy’s McGuire & Catawba reactors chosen for MOX testing and usein March 1999– Duke dropped out in 2008 after failed MOX test; “ice condenser” reactor model w/ thin domes

Bn 600 breeder reactor beloyarsk 3 bn 800 under construction

BN-600 “breeder” reactor testing and usein March 1999– Duke dropped out in 2008 after failed MOX test; “ice condenser” reactor model w/ thin domesBeloyarsk-3; BN-800 under construction

Us pu dispositon facilities at srs
US Pu Dispositon “boiling water reactor”Facilities at SRS

  • MOX Fuel Fabrication Facility

  • Pit Disassembly & Conversion Facility (PDCF) - canceled

  • Waste Solidification Building (WSB) - to solidify TRU waste from MOX plant

  • H-Canyon to purify Pu for MOX;

  • Preparation to send “non-MOXable” Pu to WIPP

Mox fuel fabrication facility mfff construction began august 2007 jan 2010 photo
MOX Fuel Fabrication Facility (MFFF) – “boiling water reactor”construction began August 2007; Jan. 2010 photo

7 7 billion mox plant april 2013 2004 1 8 billion 2008 4 8 billion
$7.7 billion MOX plant – April 2013; “boiling water reactor”2004 - $1.8 billion; 2008- $4.8 billion

Doe plutonium disposition assessment
DOE: plutonium disposition “assessment” “boiling water reactor”

“NNSA remains committed to the plutonium disposition mission. However, considering preliminary cost increases and the current budget environment, the Administration is conducting an assessment of alternative plutonium disposition strategies in FY2013, and will identify options for FY2014 and the outyears.”

(page DN-113)

Problems with mox

Problems with MOX still no life-cycle cost

FY 2104 DOE budget request still no life-cycle cost:- $478 million for plutonium disposition; - $320 million forMOX plant construction, - estimate for MOX plant operation: $543 million/year;- funding drops to $200+ million in FY2015-FY2018

22 billion left for overall mox program no doe life cycle cost figure ever released
~$22 billion left for overall MOX program – no DOE “life-cycle” cost figure ever released

Alternatives to mox

Alternatives to MOX “life-cycle” cost figure ever released

Can in canister immobilization
“Can-in-Canister” immobilization “life-cycle” cost figure ever released

Immobilization by hot isostatic pressing (HIP) “life-cycle” cost figure ever releasedContainer at the left is filled with powdered material. On the right, after 8 to 9 hours, the powder has been turned into 5 liters of solid ceramic.Credit: UK National Nuclear Laboratory

Ominous link between mox reprocessing and breeder reactors
Ominous link between MOX, reprocessing and breeder reactors “life-cycle” cost figure ever released

Questions comments but first friends of the earth tv ad on mox released on june 19 2013
Questions? Comments? “life-cycle” cost figure ever releasedBut first, Friends of the Earth TV ad on MOX, released on June 19, 2013

Through another lens
Through another lens, “life-cycle” cost figure ever released

Not here not now
Not here, not now, “life-cycle” cost figure ever released

Not here, not now!

  • Environmental Justice Issues

  • compounded ‘nuclear impact‘ increases human and environmental burden

  • legacy of institutional racism

  • lack of sufficient monitoring and information dissemination

Plant Vogtle


South Carolina

Areas of concern

  • Working locally to restore the Department of Energy environmental monitoring in Georgia

  • Working in communities, educating on the stakeholder role to advocate for the ‘cleanup not buildup‘ as the funding priority at SRS

  • Speaking and testifying with communities at SRS Citizen’s Advisory Board meetings on issues of public concern

  • Bringing residents/constituents to meet with their local, state, and federal elected officials to say

    NO to new nuclear missions/waste streams at Savannah River Site

    MOX - Plutonium Interim Storage at SRS Reprocessing

  • Advocate for stronger protections and regulations to protect the most vulnerable populations and environment

Congress and mox

Congress and MOX environmental monitoring in Georgia

Who cares about mox

Pro-MOX environmental monitoring in Georgia


Who cares about MOX?

Sen. Lindsay Graham (R-SC)

Sen. Tim Scott (R-SC)

Rep. Jim Clybourn (D-SC)

Rep. Joe Wilson (R-SC)

Rep. Jeff Fortenberry (R-NE)

Rep. Ed Markey (D-MA)

328 other members of the House

Key House and Senate Staff

A short story about a lot of money
A short story about a lot of money environmental monitoring in Georgia

Fortenberry Amendment (http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2012/roll325.xml)


FY14 Budget Request

Hold on Secretary of Energy nomination

FY14 National Defense Authorization Act

FY14 Energy and Water Appropriations

How can we stop mox
How can we stop MOX? environmental monitoring in Georgia

Start alternatives

  • Department of Energy “assessment” of alternatives

  • Government Accountability Office report

  • Nuclear Regulatory Commission doesn’t license MOX

  • No Utilities agree to accept MOX

Stop funding it

  • “Fence” funding in the National Defense Authorization Act

  • Cut funding through Energy & Water Appropriations process

  • Department of Energy requests “reprogramming”

What can you do
What can you do? environmental monitoring in Georgia

  • Look for an email action alert

  • Engage the media

    • Local media

    • National media (http://bit.ly/AtlanticMOX)

  • Meet with your members of Congress

Please contact us for more information
Please contact us for more information: environmental monitoring in Georgia

WAND National Office

691 Massachusetts Ave, Arlington, MA 02476 | 781-643-6740

WAND/WiLL Washington, DC

322 4th St. NE, Washington, DC 20002 | 202-544-5055

Georgia WAND

250 Georgia Ave. Ste 202, Atlanta, GA 30312 | 404-524-5999

www.wand.org www.willwand.org